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In the presence of bug-eyed, clouding of the eye and the appearance of blood in it, the fish can safely be diagnosed with exophthalmia, a disease that is a symptom of an internal pathology that is caused by the environment or pathogenic microorganisms. Eye blistering is caused by the accumulation of fluid in or behind the eyeball. Its causes may be a viral, systemic bacterial or fungal infection, as well as a violation of intraphysiological processes.
If exophthalmia is caused by a systemic infection, the fish may simultaneously have symptoms of the infection.
The main predisposing factor for the development of exophthalmia is often poor-quality water in the aquarium, which has an inappropriate biochemical composition. It adversely affects osmotic regulation and other processes, causing exophthalmia in fish. In most cases, the disease is treated with chemicals, but improving the quality of the water can help avoid medical treatment.
When beoglazii and clouding of the eyeball in the fish need to establish and eliminate the causes of exophthalmia. If a sick fish has no symptoms of a parasitic or pathological disease, then the problem is in the environment. for example, the cause is the quality of the water in the aquarium or its chemical composition.
Timely elimination of the cause of exophthalmia in the fish will prevent permanent damage or loss of the eye.
If the indicators of the quality of aquarium water and its chemical composition are in the optimum range for fish, it is still necessary to partially change the water in the aquarium every few days. Replenishment of about one-third of fresh water to replace the same amount of old water will completely cure the diseased fish. The disappearance of the tumor and the return of the eyeball to its normal appearance after taking all the necessary measures can take about a week.
If parasites are the cause of exophthalmia, you can add 20 drops of the “Malachite Green” preparation, previously dissolved in 100-200 ml of water, to the aquarium. The resulting solution should be poured in small portions into the water, and after 5 days, replace its half in the aquarium with a clean one. If necessary, repeat the procedure and keep the fish in water with a solution for another 5 days. The drug can also be removed from the water with activated carbon.