What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Goldfish (Carassius auratus) are a very popular and common type of aquarium fish from the genus of crucians. Their selection began more than 1000 years ago, in ancient China, and now there are already about 300 species of these fish. The ancestor of the goldfish is the common silver carp, whose mutational changes in the color and shape of the body are interested in the ancient Chinese fish farmers. Let us consider in more detail the main currently existing varieties of gold aquarium fish.

Plain Goldfish

Least of all left from the data of its progenitor and is the most unpretentious. A common goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus) is colored bright orange and grows up to 18–20 cm. In ponds it can reach 30–45 cm. It has a flat elongated body with a wide short head. The fins are rounded and straightened, only the edge of the dorsal fin is slightly concave. The fin on the back begins at its highest point.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Not very picky about the indicators of water, quite successfully contained in such conditions:

  • water hardness. 6–20 °;
  • temperature. 10–28 ° С;
  • acidity. 5–8 pH.

The main requirement is a sufficient size aquarium, at least 90 liters for one adult, and a weekly change of 1 / 3–1 / 4 of water. These fish should be propagated in a 100–150-liter aquarium for one female and two males.

This fish can tolerate a decrease in temperature to 0 ° C, but the best temperature conditions that stimulate reproduction are 20 ° C.

Velvet Ball (Pompon)

This fish was bred artificially and its “business card” is the overgrown leathery valves on both sides of the nasal septum, which resemble pom-poms in shape and structure. Such “pompons” have a diameter of approximately 1 cm and are painted in blue, red or white. The velvet ball has a thick ovoid body up to 16 cm long and a low back. The dorsal fin may be absent, and the fin at the anus and caudal fin is bifurcated. The velvet ball itself can be colored differently.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Conditions of detention:

  • water hardness. 8–25 °;
  • temperature. 18–30 ° С;
  • acidity. 6–8 pH;
  • Aquarium. 50 liters per velvet ball; for a pair of pompons, you should choose a 100-liter tank.

This is a rare and capricious fish. Improper content can lead to the disappearance of "pompons" in the nose.

Wakin (Japanese goldfish)

Japanese goldfish have other names. valgovka and wakin. One of the oldest varieties, artificially bred in China and has gained considerable popularity in Japan. On its basis, the Japanese were obtained many other breeding species. It has a slightly more complete body than the original form up to 20 cm in aquarism. In warm weather, it can be kept in ponds, where it can reach a size of 30 cm or more.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

The main feature of vakin is considered to be a forked tail and an interesting spotty coloring. Bright areas can have a color from yellow to red-orange, scattered throughout the body and alternate with a white tone.

The aquarium for the vakins is chosen the same as for the usual goldfish (100–150 l), with the following conditions:

  • water hardness. 6–20 °;
  • temperature. 18–25 ° С;
  • acidity. 7–8 pH.

Fantail

It has a rather short, slightly flattened body on the sides with wide, thick fins, which are also not long. Anal fins are sometimes double or completely absent. The high dorsal fin can be up to half the height of the fantail body and is shifted closer to the tail region. The tail itself is double, 1/2 length of body size, strong enough and muscular. The tops of the tail have grown together and resemble a fan, which determined the name of the fish. The angle between the tail blades should be 90º or more.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

A fantail may have a dark red, purple or white color, but the tummy will always be yellowish. Eyes come in different colors.

Conditions of detention. the usual for goldfish. Only the fantail usually does not grow more than 15 cm, although some aquarists talk about larger specimens of this species. Therefore, an aquarium for it is selected based on the volume of 30-50 liters per copy.

Vualekhvost

The initial form for the veil tail was the Ryukin fish.. derived by the Japanese variety. Hence the short egg-shaped body shape (up to 20 cm) with a hump between the dorsal fin and the head. The color of the voiletail is red, white and cream tones, occasionally you can find a black suit. The fins with the body come in different colors, there is also a speckled color. Eyes also come in different colors, except for green, and their size is slightly larger than that of other fish.

The "business card" of this fish is large, fins and tail, thin to transparency, similar to a veil. A wide long tail can sometimes be 6 times longer than the body and may have not 2 intergrown lobes, but 3-4. The front rays of the dorsal fin are equal to the height of the body, and the fin itself is always worth it. Pelvic fins are the same size. The fins at the anus and tail are double.

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What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

There are 2 standard voilehvosta:

  1. Skirt. a classical type with proportions of width and length of a body 5: 8. The tail is forked, a length of 3/4 of the body length and more. Moreover, the longer the tail, the more valuable the fish. Fin on the back with a height of 3/4 the width of the body;
    What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium
  2. Tape. body proportions from 1: 2 to 5: 8 (width to length). Standing fin on the back is slightly smaller than the skirt. The tail is about the size of body length and more with an angle between the blades of 90 °.
    What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Aquarium conditions:

  • water hardness. not more than 20 °;
  • temperature. 12–28 ° С;
  • acidity. 6.5–8 pH.

Aquarium pick up the volume of 50 liters for each fish. Weekly water changes are required and a filter installation is desirable.

Water Eyes (Bubble Eyes)

Bred by the Chinese, has a shortened head and a small nose. The rounded body of the fish can reach 18 cm and has a different color. The most common are silver, brown and orange colors. The main distinctive feature is large, forward-looking eyes with hypertrophied invitation bubbles. They are filled with water and can be almost a quarter of the length of the body. No dorsal fin, there is a split tail and anal fin. The tail blades bristled, not hanging down.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Capacity choose the size of 50 liters per bubble of the eye, are contained under these conditions:

  • water hardness. not more than 20 °;
  • temperature. 12–28 ° С;
  • acidity. 6.5–8 pH.

It is necessary to replace water, aeration is desirable.

Pearl

The pearl has a short body, similar to an egg and reaching 15 cm in length. Feature of this species. in the presence of nacreous convex scales of noticeable size, which resemble halves of small pearls. Color usually red, orange and white tones, sometimes there are individuals in spots, occasionally. black or chintz colors. If the fish loses pearl scales, then in their place grows ordinary scales and the pearl does not look so decorative.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

It is recommended to keep this fish in a 30-liter aquarium and add 10 liters of water to each new resident. Aeration is desirable. But in general. the same conditions as in the ordinary variety, but the best will be such:

  • temperature. 18–22 ° С;
  • acidity. 6–8 pH.

Astrologer (celestial eye)

A prominent feature of this type are bulging eyes that look in the direction forward and upward. The astrologer has a rounded egg-shaped body. In length, the fish reaches up to 13–15 cm. The caudal fin is double, and the dorsal fin is absent. The color is mostly golden-orange, but there are black and white individuals, as well as various combinations of these colors.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

A large-sized aquarium (40–50 l per 1 individual) is suitable for astrochetes, in which aeration and filtration are necessary. It is important to carry out a water change at 30% of the total at least 1 time in 7 days.

The following parameters of the aquatic environment are considered optimal:

  • stiffness. 8–25 °;
  • temperature. 18–23 ° С;
  • acidity. 6–8 pH.

Astrologers love to rummage in the ground, so for the decoration of the bottom of the dwelling it is better to buy sand of large fractions or pebbles. Plants are better to pick up with large and rigid leaves, as well as with strong roots.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Eating these fish can do a lot without stopping, so it is important not to overfeed them. Feeding is carried out 2 times a day in portions. Leftovers should be removed immediately. The diet includes both live and plant foods. Due to poor vision, stargazers need more time to receive food.

Comet

Another breeding species that has an elongated body shape, as well as a very beautiful large tail fin. The length of the fish reaches no more than 18 cm. This species is of various colors, but especially individuals whose body color differs from the color of the fins are especially appreciated. For example, a silvery body with red-orange or yellow fins. Colors may vary depending on conditions. To preserve the color you need to pick a good feed and provide sufficient lighting, but with the presence of shaded places.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Comet loves to dig in the ground, so when arranging the bottom should choose coarse sand or pebbles. Gentle algae fish can damage, and it is desirable to choose plants with large leaves with large-sized leaves. nomafila straight, aponogeton live beetle. Experts also recommend covering the aquarium with special glass on top, as comets like to jump on the surface of the water and can fall out of the aquarium.

They love the space, so the aquarium should be chosen on the basis of 45-50 liters for 1 fish. Good aeration as well as filtration is recommended. Liquid replacement. 25–30% at least 1 time in 7 days.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

The following water parameters are considered optimal:

  • stiffness. 6–18 °;
  • temperature. 18–23 ° С;
  • acidity. 7 pH.

In food, comets are unpretentious, but their diet should include both live food and vegetable origin. Can starve the whole week.

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Little Red Riding Hood

This is one of the types of orande, which is a type of goldfish.. Differs in bright red or orange convex growth on the head in the form of a cap or cap. It has an egg-shaped body with sufficiently large, somewhat transparent fins. White or golden body color effectively combines with a red “cap” of wart growths. There is a fin on the back, the tail is forked, and hangs down smoothly. Fish red cap can grow up to 23 cm in length.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Choose an aquarium should be calculated at about 50 liters for 1 fish.

Sand and pebbles are suitable as soil. This breed loves to rummage in the ground, therefore, as a vegetation in an aquarium, it is better to use sagitarii, species of elodea, egg-cap, vallysneria, covered with large pebbles. It is also necessary to install a good aerator and filter. It is important to change the liquid by 25–30% of the total volume at least once every 7 days.

The following habitat parameters are considered optimal:

  • stiffness. 6–18 °;
  • temperature. 18–23 ° С;
  • acidity. 7 pH.

Feeding the red cap is not difficult, they are suitable for any food. live, artificial, vegetable.

Lionhead

Has an egg-shaped body. The main feature of this species is the presence of sufficiently large convex growths in the gills, so that the fish’s head is similar to the head of a lion. The usual coloring of the body of a lionhead is red, sometimes with whitish spots. The tail and anal fins are split, and there are no fins on the back. The length of the fish can reach up to 20 cm.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

The choice of aquarium should be made at the rate of approximately 50 liters per individual.

Natural lighting and a small illumination of 0.3–0.4 W / l are allowed. Requires constant filtration as well as aeration. It is also important the substitution of 1/3 fluid every 7 days.

The following water parameters are considered optimal:

  • stiffness. 7–22 °;
  • temperature. 16–23 ° С;
  • acidity. 7–8 pH.

Oranda

Oranda. one of the most popular goldfish bred in Asia.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

The body of orande is egg-shaped, large and roundish, covered with shimmering scales. The length ranges from 5 to 18 cm. A characteristic feature is the presence of a growth in the head area. All fins, except for the spinal, are paired. The tail is smooth and long, usually forked at the end. The color can be red, black, brown, red and white, and also calico, have a metallic or matte shade. A relatively recent subtype of the blue color.

These fish can be kept in artificial ponds, but compulsory conditions will be the constant maintenance of warm temperature, the cold is simply unacceptable.

Oranda is a very naughty little fish in matters of care. She has a heightened sensitivity to infection by infections, fungus and bacteria, so it is important to monitor the cleanliness of her place of residence.

The aquarium for orande should be of large parameters. 90–110 l, not less than 40 l per 1 individual.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

This view is not very picky about the indicators of water, it is important to observe the following conditions:

  • stiffness. 6–8 °;
  • temperature. 16–28 ° С;
  • acidity. 7 pH.

Liquid replacement should be at least 25–30% of the total volume every week.

Orands are unpretentious in terms of food, they are suitable for almost any feed, but it is recommended to opt for the feed in the form of flakes, so as not to litter the aquatic environment.

Telescope (demenkin)

The main difference of the telescope are large bulging eyes (1–2 cm on average), which are located on the rather big head from two sides. This unusual shape, resembling a telescope, gave the name to the fish. This species was bred by breeding and is not found in natural conditions.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

The body of the fish is rounded, rather wide, but short. The fins are large, the tail is forked, and usually hangs down. Mostly the fish are black in color, but can change their color throughout life. On average, they are from 10 to 20 cm long. The life cycle is 10–15 years, and under good conditions it can be up to 20. They tolerate low temperatures normally.

Telescopes are distinguished by poor vision, so they find it harder to detect food, and because of their large eyes, they can get injured and carry an infection. But to the external conditions they are unpretentious:

  • stiffness. 8–25 °;
  • temperature. 20–23 ° С;
  • acidity. 6–8 pH.

When choosing an aquarium, it is better to stop the choice on a rectangular aquarium, the round shape is unacceptable. It should be large in size, approximately 100 liters per pair of fish, each one at least 50 liters. Since telescopes strongly produce a lot of waste, you need to ensure high-quality filtration and aeration.

Every 7 days (often) a change of fluid is required. 25–30% of the total water volume. All elements of the dwelling should be streamlined, not rigid, without sharp corners.

Ranchu

This is a type of goldfish, bred in Japan by breeding.. They are very much appreciated, and even non-hybrid views are expensive. Their features. the complete absence of the fin on the back, as well as the curvature of the spine in the form of an arc, especially in the area of ​​the small tail, which has a split. Abdominal and pectoral fins relatively short. The rather short and wide body has an ovoid shape.

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What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

The ranch swims smoothly and is well oriented. Coloring is very diverse, but species with pronounced color in the lips, eyes, gills and tail are especially valuable, and the rest of the body should be colorless. The fish with calico color are also beautiful. Ranch length. about 18 cm.

This species can be kept only in aquarium conditions. For this purpose, suitable large capacity at the rate of 100 liters per 1 pair. Ranch. very thermophilic fish. The following water parameters are considered optimal:

  • stiffness. 15–25 °;
  • temperature. 18–23 ° С;
  • acidity. 7–8 pH.

Every 7 days it is obligatory to replace 1/3 of the water. It is good to use coarse sand as a primer, and from the plants valisneria, hornpole, elodeya are perfect. The aquarium should be provided with good aeration and cleaning filters. Ranchu is prone to diseases of the swim bladder, so it is better to pick up fresh food and be sure to add vegetable food to the diet. Feed portions.

Riukin

Riukin. another one of the most popular types of goldfish for the aquarium. It was introduced to Japan around the 16th century from the Riukiu archipelago. This fact determined the name of the fish.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

These specimens have a short body, but of considerable size. they can reach a length of up to 20 cm. A distinctive feature is a sharp rise in the back in the form of a hump, starting immediately behind the head. On the back there is a right fin. The color range of this fish is diverse and ranges from red-silver to black tones. But in most cases it is possible to meet Riukin red. Chick print fish looks amazing, but the red and white color of these specimens looks very aesthetically pleasing in ponds. This species has a fairly large forked tail.

Because of their large size, riukins are very popular for decorating decorative ponds and pools. They can also be kept in aquarium conditions based on the proportion: 2 fish per 100 liters. It is important, at least once every 7 days, to substitute 1/3 of the liquid from the total volume. It is necessary to install aeration and filtration. You can feed with moths, worms, daphnia, cereals; you also need additional plant food. Regular feeding for ornamental fish is also desirable.

For the arrangement of the aquarium is recommended to take the soil of small or medium fractions. Since riukin feeds on algae, it is better to stop your choice on fast-growing plants (for example, elodea, rovolistnik). Illumination of the home should be bright enough.

The following parameters are considered optimal:

  • stiffness. about 20 °;
  • temperature. 18–22 ° С;
  • acidity is about 7 pH.

Shubunkin (calico)

This type of goldfish, like shubunkin (or calico), was bred by breeding and belongs to the carp family. The calico’s body is long and slightly flattened from two sides, it can be up to 16 cm in length. But this species has a separate subspecies with a shortened body and a split on the tail. A distinctive feature is the presence of thin transparent scales, as well as elongated fins. The tail in the form of large blades is devoid of bifurcation. Coloring of this species is very unusual: it combines white, yellow, blue, red colors and their shades. Calico calico is very beautiful. Upon reaching the 3rd year of life, they acquire shades of blue-violet tones, which makes them even more valuable.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Shubunkin, despite the peaceful and livable nature, does not tolerate the tightness, so you need to buy for them a large-sized aquarium at the rate of 50 liters of water for 1 individual.

When making an aquarium for the soil, sand of large fractions or pebbles is better, as these fish love to dig in the soil layer. The important point is to ensure good aeration, as well as water filtration. Among the plants, algae with large and dense leaves, as well as with a well-developed root system, will be better suited. this is valisneria, elodea, and a pod. It is necessary to maintain good illumination and do periodic water changes. To the properties of water shubunkin not very picky.

The following water parameters are considered optimal:

  • stiffness. 15–25 °;
  • temperature. 18–23 ° С;
  • acidity. 7–8 pH.

Calico has a good appetite, but you should not overfeed them. It will be enough to feed in the morning and evening, subject to the proportion of 3% of the weight of the fish.

What Are The Goldfish Main Species For An Aquarium

Goldfish are one of the most beautiful and popular types of ornamental fish for aquariums, artificial ponds and pools. They are quite unpretentious, especially the original form, and with proper care will long please others with their beauty.

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