What to feed aquarium fish at home
Existing feed for aquarium fish is divided into the following varieties: frozen, branded, live and vegetable. The maintenance of these pets requires the use of all varieties in the diet, since the appearance and health of your pets will depend on it.
However, some species of fish eat only live food, while others exclusively vegetable. For ordinary species, the best diet is with the following components: branded food, constant feeding with live foods and periodic feeding with vegetable.
One of the most common mistakes among aquarists is feeding exclusively dry food (Figure 1). At the sight of such a product, a starving individual quickly jumps on it and swallows it, which further leads to rotting of food in the stomach. And although a small amount of dry product is still absorbed, most of it remains in the water and changes its chemical composition.
The second common mistake is a monotonous diet feeding. Very often, novice aquarists give their pets the same food every day, which is wrong. Now on the market there are many different content of dry feed. They must be systematically alternated and correctly combined.
Live food is very popular with fish and is considered one of the best. However, it is not necessary to give the same view on an ongoing basis, as the fish need a variety of diets. The most common types of live food are: bloodworm, tubule and coretra (Figure 2). However, it has such disadvantages:
- You can bring in the aquarium disease;
- Poison pets substandard product;
- It is not recommended to carry out very frequent feeding with bloodworms, because it is poorly digested.
The easiest and most accessible disinfection for any aquarist is freezing, which can destroy some of the pathological microorganisms in it.
When spawning live food is very necessary for fish. After receiving a good portion of any kind of live food, individuals are more willing to spawn. Fry raised on such a diet are distinguished by good health and strong immunity in the future.
The straw tube can be stored in the refrigerator on the lower shelf, while it should be placed in a container with low sides and a small amount of water that needs to be changed daily. Bloodworms should be stored between two wipes placed in a phytocube.
Live food is recommended to feed through special feeders, but do not store it for too long to prevent poisoning.
How to freeze the crank author video.
Very often, people have a type of live food in the refrigerator causes not very pleasant sensations and emotions. An alternative solution to this problem are frozen foods. They have such positive sides (Figure 3):
- It is very easy to dose per serving;
- Easy to store;
- Do not spoil;
- The composition is the same as that of live feed.
For most of the existing types of aquarium pets, vegetable food is desirable in the diet, but at the same time it is difficult to find an individual that never fed on plants (Figure 4). The only exceptions are predatory species.
Cereals can be used as a plant element of the diet, but before using them directly, boiling water should be poured and cooled. Many representatives of catfish, carp and tsikhlovyh with great enthusiasm eat semolina.
What do different kinds of fish eat
Absolutely all the fish differ in the food they eat and the behavior during feeding. Predatory species of fish may arrange in some way an ambush, while hunting for their prey or freeze in anticipation of the approaching prey. However, other predators can stalk their prey in the desire to overtake and seize prey.
Herbivorous species mainly feed on living or decaying plant tissues. Aquarium fish produce food by biting off parts of plants or can swallow them whole. However, among herbivorous fish there are species that only eat algae.
Herbivorous species have a long digestive tract. Its presence confirms the fact of the need for frequent feedings, but in small portions. The diet of such breeds, when kept in the natural environment, consists of various algae, pieces of fruits, plants, and seeds (Figure 5).
It is precisely because of the physiological characteristics that it is necessary to know exactly how many times a day to carry out feeding on herbivorous individuals, depending on their type and size.
Carnivores have a characteristic large stomach, which suggests that food intake occurs in large quantities and rarely (Figure 6). When kept in their natural habitat, carnivorous fish can feed on live or dead animals of small size, birds, insects, invertebrates and amphibians.
It is not recommended to feed yourself, as they may not be sufficiently saturated with the necessary substances for the vital activity of aquatic creatures.
Feeding aquarium fish: how many times a day
Novice aquarists very often overfeed their pets, which has negative consequences. This most often leads to water pollution, which can cause the death of the inhabitants of the aquarium or the emergence of a stressful state in them. The resulting adverse effects are reduced to such aspects:
- The remnants of uneaten products quickly decompose, which causes the release of ammonia.
- Excessive feed, especially protein, swallowed by fish, contributes to increased release of ammonia with waste products into the aquatic space. The resulting ammonia in water can deplete the biological filter. However, the biological filter can adapt, and for some time will cope with elevated levels of the substance, but the end result will be pollution of the aquarium and the development of various parasites.
So how often do you need to feed aquarium fish? At one meal, they need to give as much feed as they can eat it in approximately five minutes. If ingestion of an excess of food is necessary, it must be removed before the start of decomposition in the body of water.
A very large number of fish and fry in nature feed continuously, for this reason it is recommended to feed them several times a day in small portions. The maintenance of a large aquarium with various aquatic inhabitants will require their feeding 2-3 times per day. The exception to this feeding will be representatives of predatory fish, which will be enough 2-3 meals a day for one week. When the predators are full, they can ignore the new food.
When keeping an aquarium, it is worthwhile to take into account the fact of nocturnal lifestyle of some species, as they may skip feeding. It is necessary to closely monitor the behavior of the fish when receiving food and to respond promptly to loss of appetite.
From the video you will learn how to cook semolina for fish.
Is it possible to feed aquarium fish bread
The need for aquarists in the summer holiday reflects the natural desire of a person to rest for the entire labor year. However, in such periods, the aquarium should be left unattended.
Before you immediately leave for a long time, you should not get new fish and plants (to avoid infection of the water area), fry and other small individuals. It is also worth reducing the dosage of food produced and completely eliminate from the diet products that pollute water. Fish eat only the portion they need, and the rest will spoil the quality of the water.
If these conditions are met, the fish can stay without feeding for 7-10 days depending on the species.
There are moments in life when a special food suddenly ended and you need to look for an urgent solution to the problem. However, there are ways to feed your pets by using the following tips (Figure 7):
- Earthworms: large aquariums are very willing to eat rain, but they need to be thoroughly washed and crushed before they are released. Fish should be given only the amount they need to completely satisfy hunger.
- Raw meat without streaks of fat can be eaten in the absence of live food. Raw meat should be scraped with a knife and only in this form should be given to aquarium pets.
- Cereals, especially buckwheat or semolina, as well as wheat porridge are very willing to eat all kinds of carp and labyrinth fish. However, such products can be given only as a last resort. It is necessary to boil the cereal to a state of steep porridge, then rinse it under a stream of cold water and strain it through a sieve only with care of all mucus. You can store it in any cool place.
- Inanimate feed. These include dry daphnia, egg yolk, bloodworm (sliced, dried and frozen), raw or dried meat, cereal, etc. It is necessary to use such feeds with extreme caution, as they quickly decompose and begin to spoil the water.
When it gets into the water, the bread gets wet very quickly and starts to turn sour, which causes unpleasant smelling water. It will be possible to get rid of this smell only after a complete replacement of the aquarium water space. For this reason, using bread as fish food is not recommended.