Starting to engage in aquarium, each comes to the conclusion that there are no aquariums that satisfy the requests. This is due to the fact that there is a desire to put at home a container that is as large as possible in terms of volume or strictly defined dimensions; but there are only standard models on sale that do not always go to the chosen place. Often faced with the fact that in the finished form it is possible to purchase only a larger or smaller aquarium than is necessary. To solve this problem, make an aquarium of glass with their own hands. It’s easy, knowing how and with what tools to carry out this work. Knowing the intricacies of the case, they make an aquarium of 100 liters or more. For aquarists, it is important that the amateur make an aquarium with their own hands. Only an exclusive house for fish allows you to fully realize the plans.
What is required
To make an aquarium yourself, you will not need some complicated tools and rare materials. Those who want to make their own containers, except for glass, will need:
- glass cutter;
- aquarium silicone or silicate glue;
- glue gun with dispenser;
- glass cutter;
- a hank of painting (construction) tape;
- substrates to help create a gap between the glasses;
- metal corner;
- small spatula;
- stationery knife;
- metal ruler;
- natural soft rags.
Special clips-holders for glass are also useful. With their help, they additionally fix until the wall of the bonded reservoir dries. These devices are desirable, but not mandatory. Clay take specialized. Otherwise, it is easy to poison your pets with substances released into the water from an unsuitable composition glue. Knowing how to make an aquarium with your own hands, it is easy to create an optimal home for your pets. All tools must be assembled in advance, and not begin their search in the process.
Features of the choice of glue
- the absence of toxic substances in the composition;
- special strength of the joints;
- sufficient elasticity;
- decent appearance. it is unacceptable that the seams of the aquarium turned yellow or changed appearance, becoming unattractive;
- quick drying;
- increased adhesion;
- convenience in work;
- duration of service life.
Pay attention to the expiration date of the adhesive. If it ends, then taking the tool is undesirable, since it has already begun to lose properties and will not create sufficiently strong seams with reliable sealing.
The best option for bonding is silicone sealant. It is transparent and black. If the fish house is glued for the first time, then you need to choose a colorless sealant. It will not spoil the look, even if the seams are not made in the most accurate way. Black sealant gives the tank a stylish look, but any errors in the joints become very noticeable.
Use black sealant is necessary in the manufacture of large aquariums (aquarium of 200 liters or more). This allows you to visually make the design easier. When applying black sealant it is necessary to take special care to ensure that the lines are smooth without untidy protrusions.
When buying sealant, which glue the house for the fish, you need to look at the fact that it does not have any impurities, even antibacterial. If they are present, it is unacceptable to take the remedy, as the fish will die from it. The glue package should always indicate that it is intended for an aquarium, but it will not be out of place to additionally examine its composition.
The bonding of the aquarium should only be carried out with proper glue.
Silicone sealant creates a molecular bond with ordinary silicate glass, because of which the seams are especially strong and can withstand a pressure of 200 kg per 1 cm.
The choice of glass is an important step in making a home for fish. If you make a mistake at this point, then there will be only disappointment. Take to make a homemade aquarium, it is necessary silicate glass. Plexiglass is not suitable for this purpose. It is a plastic, which often releases harmful substances into the water. As well as the appearance of the material is unsatisfactory for a domestic pond, and makes it untidy. Because of the small scratches that are inevitable when using plexiglass, it seems dirty and becomes unattractive.
When buying silicate glass, you need to know its features. You can not just take the first available. This material has 8 levels of quality. The highest is M1, it is he who is required for the future dwelling of fish. And also silicate glass is divided into window and display. The first is completely unsuitable for an aquarium. Associated phenomenon with such properties:
- increased fragility;
- insufficient polishing;
- some distortion of the type of objects behind it.
If you glue the aquarium at home out of it, there will be no satisfaction. Money spent on materials, and the time spent on work, will simply be thrown away. Quilt glass is more dense and strong, able to withstand heavy loads. An aquarium of 200 liters is successfully made from it with its own hands, and, if desired, they make tanks and more. Showcase glass is perfectly polished and does not lead to changes in the image of the underwater world. It is very brilliant and does not create the appearance of water turbidity. Capacity of the display glass will cost much more expensive, but it will last a long time. Glasses will not hide the beauty of the fish and will not disappoint. It is important to ensure that there are no air bubbles in the glass. They will spoil the appearance of the tank, and make it not durable. Glass aquariums should not have even the slightest defect affecting their strength.
Buy stuff in a safe place. They should be carefully considered for cracks and chips. When calculating the required glass size, it is necessary to take into account the ribs. They are glued on top of the aquarium and look like a stand for the cover. In fact, they are necessary for high-quality retention of the walls of the aquarium and uniform load distribution.
Use for aquarium used glass is not worth it. Glasses, like any other material, have a durability and wear out, even just standing in a warehouse for years. Due to prolonged contact with the external environment, sodium ions leave glass, which leads to a drop in strength.
You should also look at the edges of the glass. It is not necessary to take the material with a polished cut. This is due to the fact that the sealant interacts much better with "live" glass, which is not polished. If the sale of glass only with polished edges, then you need to take only those sheets whose edge is perfectly smooth. This clutch is quite high quality and not leakage. Thus, it is possible to glue an aquarium with your own hands only with high-quality material.
The thickness of the glass for the tank is of great importance. When it is small, there is a high risk that the aquarium will simply burst, unable to cope with the load. When choosing glass, they take into account the presence of screeds and stiffeners. Without them, they make a small aquarium for fish up to 50 liters. To calculate the thickness of the glass needed to make a tank, there are special tables that should be used. Minimum glass thickness: 5 mm for the smallest body of water and 19 mm for an impressive aquarium with a length of 2 meters and a height of 100 cm, with braces and stiffeners.
The house for fish is a classic rectangular or complex in the shape of a pentagon or hexagon. Capacity is possible to make any volumes. It’s easier to make an aquarium of a classic form, and a beginner should start with it. This is due to the fact that the quadrangular container is made of 5 glasses, and therefore less seams. For the first time, it is almost impossible to make a high-quality construction, since without certain skills it is difficult to work out the seams. Having decided on what the capacity will be, you need to figure out how to glue the aquarium.
Making your own aquarium begins with the preparation of glass. Cut the glass so that the bottom of the container fits inside the walls, because the tensile fixation sealant stronger. Glasses in places where glue is applied must be degreased. Use acetone or white spirit. It is useless to apply sealant to oily surfaces, since tight adhesion is not possible, and soon the container will leak. It is dangerous for fish that are at risk of being left without water, and the owner, who is provided with a scandal with the bottom floor and compensation for repair costs after a leak. Particularly relevant to the owners of a large reservoir.
After degreasing the edges on the glass, so as not to stain them with excess sealant, glue the masking tape, retreating from the edge of 6 mm, glue is applied to this width. Without the masking tape, the stained glass cannot be completely cleaned. Knowledge of how to properly glue the aquarium is required. Between the glasses need a gap. They are contacted through a soft silicone stitch. To make it smooth, a few drops of sealant are applied to the joints and left to dry. After they are cut with a stationery knife, leaving to protrude by 2 mm. These are the beacons for creating the necessary layer of glue.
A layer of silicone is applied to the joint with a soft spatula with a slot in the width of the seam level. Next, we glue the aquarium on the table, pre-covered with film. First glue the bottom and front wall. So that it does not swing, you should install props on both sides of it. To make them more convenient with the help of wooden bars. They are quite soft and will not break the glass if it sways, and at the same time provide a strong fixation. Then gluing the aquarium involves installing the ends. For reliability, the ends are fixed to the front glass with paint brushes. If possible, outside the glass propped up with wooden bars. The last is glued to the rear window. It is necessary to do everything accurately and accurately, as it is impossible to glue the construction after drying. We make an aquarium, having thought over everything in advance about it.
Check out what are the ways to glue glass for the aquarium.
All excess sealant, which formed a protrusion when gluing, it is necessary to wipe with a damp sponge. If they have already dried up and are not erased, then after complete drying, the protruding glue is cut off with a stationery knife. It is necessary to make an aquarium carefully, so that it looks neat in the future. After waiting 2 hours, an additional layer of sealant is applied to the seams. Double seam is the strongest. After 60 minutes, remove the mounting tape, protecting the glass from contamination. The outer tape fixing the glass, you can not touch. It is removed after one day. They clean the seams with a knife, to an even state. When the sealant is dry and holds the tank walls securely, stiffeners are installed on top. They are made of glass, as is the container. The width is from 6-10 cm, and the length is equal to that, the length of the tank for fish. It is necessary to glue the ribs along on both sides of the aquarium, along the top of the front and rear walls, from corner to corner.
Screeds are needed if a large aquarium is made. They are cut from glass. Glue across across edges of rigidity. They are made from 1 to 5, depending on the size of the tank. Making, for example, an aquarium of 300 liters with your own hands, you will need to make 3 screeds. A capacity of 500 liters needs a maximum of tie-ins and additional stiffeners at the bottom. If a very large aquarium is being made, then clamps are used to glue the aquarium to fix the glass more securely. After 24 hours, after all the elements have been glued, it is necessary to try the aquarium. To do this, it is filled with water and observed for 2 days. If it does not flow, fish are populated with aquariums. This should be done by following all the instructions for proper launch.
Without a lid capacity can not be called full. Element is required. The fish, jumping, are outside and die. The simplest aquarium cover is a thin, lightweight plastic sheet lying on top of the stiffeners and end walls. Cover the container with organic glass or silicate glass. If you want to still tinker, you can make the cover of durable and lightweight plastic, which is embedded lighting. This design is attached with glue, giving a rigid fixation. That it was convenient to lift a cover, on it do the handle. a loop.
So that the lid does not damage the glass, it is necessary to lay a soft layer between them. It is made of silicone sealant, which is applied around the perimeter of the cover. Add foam, which is also fixed around the perimeter. The cover made should fit exactly under the aquarium, the manufacture of which is completed by it. If the cap size is larger than the perimeter of the aquarium, the tank doesn’t look neat.
Watch the video how to make a cover for the aquarium.
Making homemade aquariums is an interesting and fascinating activity that allows you to get a home of optimal size for pets. When performing all the work in order, it is possible to make an aquarium just as well as a purchased one. A person who has skills in working with tools and glass will make the capacity for the fish he needs in size. Everyone who first made their own home water for fish, when asked how to make an aquarium with his own hands, will answer that this is just something that does not immediately seem.
Interesting videos about the assembly of the aquarium do it yourself.