Dry fish food of high quality serves as a complete substitute for natural nutrition. They are completely free from parasites and, when properly fed, rarely cause bacterial diseases. Do not forget to follow the basic rules of feeding dry food: soak it for 7-10 minutes before feeding in an aquarium and do not overfeed fish, especially gluttonous goldfish and cichlids. You can find out what types of feed are available in the domestic market in the corresponding article. And we turn to the selection of specific diets. time to learn how to feed the fish with dry food!
Tips for buying dry fish food
Decide on the volume: it makes no sense to take a large jar for a sample. but if you are confident in the manufacturer and the specific diet, this will save you money. Do not hesitate to consult: the choice of food is affected even by such seemingly indirect conditions of detention as the presence or absence of a filter. Many manufacturers produce special lines for fry or even medicated food containing an antibiotic.
Do not forget that saltwater fish need special feed, many freshwater rations will not allow to reveal their natural color and shape. Speaking of problems with color, the leading manufacturers of fodder produce rations to improve color.
If your fish lay off little eggs during spawning, pay attention to feed with a high content of protein or special to increase fertility. Remember that in spawning water cleanliness is especially important and if earlier the problem was a short-term hunger strike on fish, today you can use food that does not contaminate the aquarium.
To properly feed the fish dry food, try to take into account the needs of all your pets or seated those species that need diametrically opposite food. Hungry fish can grab any food because they do not understand the composition of the pellets. But an excess of animal protein can lead to poisoning and problems with the gastrointestinal tract in herbivorous species such as trophy.
For those who love to travel or often travels on business, created the so-called. Weekend food that can be stored for a long time in water, without decomposing, without polluting the aquarium environment and without losing useful substances.
Feeding the fish of one species
The mode of feeding in monovid aquariums is determined by the age of the fish that they contain. Adult individuals are well worth 1-2 meals a day. It is desirable to feed the young 4 times with an interval of 6 hours. It is recommended to feed fry at the age of 1 month every 4 hours, including at night, so automatic feeding troughs are often bought in children’s aquariums.
Even within one species, the rate of eating food can vary considerably and depend on the season, the number of fish in the school, the stage of the reproductive cycle. Therefore, you should focus on the average saturation rate for existing fish. Some feed rapidly and completely eat in a few seconds; It takes up to 15 minutes for slower meals. If you do not know how long it takes for the fish to eat, observe: slowing of movement and less active feeding indicates that their stomachs are full.
When choosing a feeding regime, you should also take into account the natural diet of pets. It depends on how often you feed the aquarium fish. Algae and similar fish usually feed almost around the clock, but always in small portions. Bottom fishes who love shelters may not crawl out of the caves all day, so their portions should be well kept in the water until nightfall. Large predators at one time absorb a large amount of feed, and then for a long time up to 2-3 days do not need food.
Remember: even if fish of the same species live in an aquarium, food should not be monotonous. Do not get hung up on the same feed. For example, you can use food to improve color as a supplement to the main feed several times a week.
Feeding different species of fish
Some species of fish are universal in terms of nutrition, they feed in all layers of water and readily eat any food. But others need special nutritional conditions. How to feed aquarium fish with excellent needs? Bottom fishes that love to collect food, clogged in crevices and voids between the pebbles, better eat specialized sinking rations with a stabilized form. Small fish that feed in the middle layers are usually unpretentious, but it can be difficult for them to collect scattered chips from the surface, so do not forget to soak them before feeding. Species that prefer to eat at the surface, usually have the appropriate bulldog structure to graze for them, it is better to pick up light balloons that stay in the upper layer for a long time and do not sink, because such fish cannot collect them from the bottom. Many manufacturers produce feed labeled for all species. Choosing this or any other diet, make sure that its fraction allows you to easily swallow the pieces to all the inhabitants of the aquarium.
If the population of the aquarium consists of euryphages (omnivorous species), feeding problems usually do not occur. But even within the same species or bevy there is a hierarchy. If you do not have the opportunity to make sure that each fish is filling up, use the advice of experienced aquarists: arrange a buffet twice a week, almost without limiting the fish in the feed. It happens that inside one aquarium it is necessary to organize selective feeding. In this case, you have to go to the trick and play on the differences in the size of the fraction and the layer where the fish feed. You can also teach the fish to stray in flocks for feeding by lightly tapping on the glass.
Feeding fry in the first month of life determines their species value and potential for further reproduction. At this time, they are especially vulnerable, so the vast majority of aquarists use special fry food. Such rations are distinguished by optimal granule size, soft but stable texture and the addition of biologically active complexes for healthy development and maintaining immunity. Feeding mode is determined by the type of fry. On average, the interval between meals for fish up to a month should not exceed 2-4 hours. Whatever feed you choose, remember that it must be a source of easily digestible proteins.
Feeding herbivorous fish
Dry food is ideal for species that prefer plant food. The fact is that high-quality feeds also contain animal protein in insignificant quantities because in nature algae and plant residues are usually eaten together with crustaceans and invertebrates attached to them. Properly feed the fish with such a diet at home is quite difficult.
Remember that most herbivores have a very small stomach (or are completely devoid of it), and a long intestine. Therefore, it is necessary for them to choose food that does not lose its properties during a long stay in the water. Fodder for benthic species fully meet this criterion, so they are often shared with vegetarians with vegetarians.
Choose a fraction of food: too small, it will cause anxiety in fish, and too large will be stuck in the throat or reluctant to eat. Pay attention to the needs of filter feeders, who prefer almost dusty food. If you are not sure that all the fish are fed with dry food, try additionally feeding them with vegetable food tied to a sinker, it slowly decomposes, and it is convenient to clean up the remains after a couple of hours after feeding.
Feeding predatory fish
Predatory fish can be taught to eat factory feed, and at the same time dispense with natural feeding. It is only important to find food with an optimal composition: at least 45% protein, 4-6% fat and a minimum (2-3%) fiber. The diet of predators suggests extended feeding intervals, most of the species are sufficient to feed 1 time per day, and fish that hunt large prey are 2 times less.
Feeding bottom fish
Normally, the food should be eaten with fish for 2-3 minutes. Pouring more means overfeeding the fish, and systematic overfeeding leads to obesity, gas accumulation, dropsy, problems with the kidneys, liver, gastrointestinal tract and bacterial diseases. But what to do with catfish and other bottom fish? Many of them eat algae and waste, but it is impossible to call it a full-fledged diet.
Sinking plates and tablets have been created especially for the species feeding on the bottom. Often they contain ground wood, which is included in the natural diet of the sweet clover. They are also distinguished from other feeds by their dense texture, due to which the feed particles do not disintegrate, even after a long stay in the water and do not cloud it.
Feeding Siamese fighting fish (Betta Fish)
Due to the popularity of Siamese fish as pets, some manufacturers have released special feed for Betta Fish. In the absence of a specialized nutrition, you can feed the fish Betta Fish with mixtures for labyrinth fish, among which are these tail-tailed beauties. Modern high-quality diets do not require animal feed in comparison with the monotonous pipemaker and bloodworms to feed Betta Fish with dry food even more preferable. Natural feeds for Betta Fish have two tricks: in the living form, they often become carriers of infections and parasites, and in the frozen form they deteriorate due to non-compliance with storage conditions and repeated freezing.
As regards the regime, it will be correct to feed Betta Fish with dry food 1-2 times a day. Do not forget that this species is prone to overeating. Its representatives can absorb so much feed that the scales on the abdomen bristle and open up the stretched skin. Betta needs a serving of 4-6 grains, which she can eat in 2 minutes. If your fish has a noticeable tubercle under the pelvic fins, reduce the portion.