Fish. being sensitive to everything that surrounds it. To notice her illness, discontent or hunger is very difficult. Proper care for her is the only way to prolong and simplify her life.
The lifespan of a fish depends on many factors. There is a certain pattern: small inhabitants of aquariums live 1-5 years, medium (5-10 cm). 10-12 years, large-sized. 15. 35 years. Catfish, carp, sturgeon and can outlast a person at all. Breeding karrezubye representatives, for example, Notobranchus, live in puddles, die immediately after the pond dries out, the eggs survive. Even if you breed them at home, they will live only a few months.
Most experts are inclined to believe that the average age of a goldfish is 4-5 years, in good conditions and professional care a pet can live 10-15 years. There is information that in one of Moscow zoos the fish has lived for 34 years, in the UK. 43 years.
Factors that affect the life of the "golden" inhabitants of the aquarium
How much live aquarium goldfish, directly affected by water temperature. Fish are cold-blooded animals, that is, their body temperature is almost equal to the temperature of the water in which they are located. Warm water accelerates metabolic processes, the body will wear out faster. The color of older individuals is more colorful compared to the young.
Can kill your pet and improper feeding faster. Remember that food should not be only dry. Overfeeding is more harmful than underfeeding. Periodically it is necessary to do fasting days for the "golden" beauties.
The population of the aquarium and its size is important for the normal existence of fish. Before buying individuals, make sure that they are compatible and will not survive each other. Do not forget to change the water. Professional aquarists say that a tank of 150-200 liters is ideal for fish.
Following these rules will significantly increase the chances of your pets becoming long-lived.
What is the life expectancy of aquarium goldfish? It is difficult to answer this question unequivocally, since various conditions of the maintenance strongly influence the duration of their existence in aquariums. We can only talk about what measures need to be taken to ensure that their stay in a closed aquatic system is more comfortable and durable.
Perhaps this is one of the oldest representatives of a large family of carp, which they taught to live at home. There is every reason to believe that this happened a long time ago in China, where court breeders began to cross different representatives of silver carp and breed them in imperial ponds. And so the golden fish appeared in several varieties: the dragon’s eye, che, veins (vualehvostka), wakin, dzhikin.
In such almost natural conditions, decorative crucians lived for quite a long time. up to 20-25 years, and their weight reached 4-5 kilograms.
At the beginning of the 16th century, ornamental fish came to Japan, and another 100 years later. to Europe. In the middle of the 19th century, it reached America.
An interesting fact: for a long time, the Europeans believed that a golden Chinese woman did not eat food at all and only drink water. As a result: 2-3 months of a similar hunger strike, and Karasik died.
Only after many years did the European owners of these beautiful creatures learn to maintain them (to the delight of the fish themselves).
However, since the late Middle Ages about the goldfish went bad rumor that their age is quite short. This is a misconception.
At present, the habits, character and condition of the fish organism of golden crucians are very well studied. There is a whole set of recommendations for the maintenance of fish, allowing them to extend their existence at home.
But still the duration of their aquarium life rarely exceeds 8-10 years. In principle, for a permanent stay in a small closed volume quite well!
Of course, there are no strict regulated rules for its content. We can only talk about some recommendations based on the vast centuries-old experience of aquarists of the whole world on the breeding of goldfish in captivity.
They belong to the cold-water, the fish feel great at normal room temperature. Even a slight heating of the aquatic environment is extremely poorly tolerated.
A few words about feeding. Crucians, as you know, are very voracious and almost omnivorous. And since a goldfish is a decorative crucian, it will eat as much as there will be food available. Feeding is frequent and abundant. a high probability of overeating, which will affect the duration of fish life is extremely negative. In addition, it must be remembered that animals eat well some aquatic vegetation.
Water parameters. This animal leaves behind a lot of waste, and the water loves clean and saturated with oxygen. Therefore, good filtration (especially mechanical) and aeration are extremely important.
General rules. So, summing up some information about the features of the content, we can formulate a few rules, the observance of which will prolong the life of goldfish for a long time:
- With a content of 3-4 individuals the required volume of the aquarium is 150-200 liters.
- Existence of the powerful external filter and the compressor for aeration of water.
- Feeding a variety of foods (vegetable, dry feed, worms) no more than 1-2 times a day. One day a week. unloading.
- Mandatory presence in the aquarium aquatic plants.
- Weekly water change at least of the total volume.
As a rule, compliance with these recommendations has a beneficial effect on the life of bright golden beauties. Unless, of course, in the aquarium is not brought infection.
How many years live, the life of the aquarium fish
Aquarium fish. gentle creatures that require constant attention and care. Currently, there are a huge number of their diverse species, each of which has its own specifics. The rejection of this specificity by an aquarist leads to disease and death of the fish. Although, even when creating ideal conditions for them, they are not immortal and eventually die simply from old age.
The period of life of aquarium fish released by nature, depending on the family and species, each has its own. So, for example, among the Kharacin (Minor. 6 years, Neon. 4 years, Tetras. 5.5 years, Piranhas. 10 years, Metinnis. 10 years), the average lifespan is seven years. Carp (Cardinal. 4 years, Goldfish. 15 years, Barbus. 7.5 years, Rasbora. 7.5 years, Danio. 6 years), on average, can please an aquarist with his presence for eight years.
The most diverse in color and shape of the fish belonging to the cichl family (Apistogram. 4 years, Discus. 14 years, Tsykhlozom mezanauta. 10 years, Tsikhlozom meeka. 12.5 years, Scalaria. 10 years, Severum. 14 years) live on average 11 years. Viviparous tooth-like ones. such as Molineses, Petsilia, Guppy, and the Swordsman, live, on average, less than others. 3.5 years.
It is believed that in old age fish have the greatest completeness of their color and beauty. The actions of an aquarist largely determine how many years aquarium fish has lived. Seasoned aquarists are striving to prolong the lives of their pets, taking into account such factors that affect their life expectancy as stable conditions, regular feeding, and the absence of predators.
The most advanced and successful aquarists are confident that under optimal conditions of maintenance the lifespan of fish increases.
However, not everything is so simple and straightforward. One should always look for a “golden mean”, since the aquarium contains, as a rule, more than one type of inhabitants, which makes such investigations extremely difficult.
An aquarist should independently, in his own experience, having traveled a long way, consisting of trial and error, select the very conditions that will be optimal for all of his beloved pets. The main thing in aquarism is constant self-education, which will help to achieve success.
- Little about the breed
- Life in an aquarium
- How to determine the age of guppies
- As a result
Guppy is without exaggeration one of the most widespread and famous aquarium fish. Remember any aquarium of the Soviet Union, how could he do without a small bright guppy? This fish is widespread today. Surely many aquarists began their journey with this fish, which means they asked (or are asked) questions: “How many guppies live?”, “How long does the fish live at home?” In this article we will tell you about this.
This fish is known not only to aquarium lovers, but also to scientists. It is the guppy that is the first fish that has been in space. And they are also used in checking the quality of tap water.
Little about the breed
Robert John Lemcher Guppy is the discoverer of these aquarium fishes.
Why actually "guppies" are called that way? Like most species, these small colorful fish received their name from the name of their discoverer Dr. Robert Guppy, who discovered them in the waters of the tropical island of Trinidad in 1866 and was the first to describe this species. Gupeshek homeland is the northern part of South America and nearby islands.
When Dr. Guppy first told in the old world about fish that do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry, they did not believe him and even ridiculed him.
The fish of bright color, in natural conditions, is still less catchy, because forced to protect themselves from predators. The length of the male in natural conditions reaches 5 cm, and the females are larger. It feeds on worms, bloodworms, larvae and various small insects.
Guppy is so successfully struggling with the larvae of anopheles mosquitoes, that now acclimatized forms can be found in warm waters on all continents. Wild guppies survive even in our Moscow. river, in the area of warm water discharge.
The life span of a guppy in a natural environment is 2–3 years, because its small size and warm water of 22–25 ° C (and sometimes higher) speed up the metabolism and thereby shorten the life span.
Life in an aquarium
Gupashki in the aquarium can live as a long enough period, and unpleasantly short, what is the reason? Of course, you understand that the life of a fish at home depends on many factors. What affects the lifespan of guppies in an aquarium?
- Water quality These fish love warm water (22-25 ° C), but can survive over a wider range of 19.0. 29.0 ° C. PH 7.0. 8.5, hardness 12.0. 18.0, but the parameters may be different, which often does not prevent them from living and multiplying. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter the life of the fish. But remember that the guppy is an inhabitant of the tropics and the water should not be too cold, no matter how much you want to extend the life of the pet.
- Purity of water is important, but it is impossible to change everything at once, it is best to change within 10. 25% of the volume once a week. Remember, despite the fact that the fish often live in appalling conditions for their pet you need to create decent ones.
- The presence of the aerator will improve the living conditions of the fish, and hence its duration. Although the fish successfully survived in unequipped banks. If the aquarium is closed with a lid, the presence of a filter or aerator is mandatory.
- Compatibility. This is a peaceful fish, which often does not cause anxiety to the neighbors in the aquarium, but predatory fish will perceive it only as food. On the black list: shark ball, cichl, Sumatran and fire barbs and some others. Without all sorts of problems and conflicts, guppies live together with cherry barb, neonomy, swordfish, morynesia and speckled catfish and many other peaceful small fish.
Compatibility table of gupashek with other species of fish.
- Group content. It is noticed that guppies live one by one less than in the company of their relatives.
- Nutrition. The diet of fish living in your aquarium should not be monotonous; both dry food and live food (bloodworm, daphnia, mosquito larvae) should be used for food.
The size of the aquarium and the amount of coverage requirements guppies are not high. So for 5 fish enough and 20 liters, and the lighting may be even the most minimal, but still daylight should not last less than 10 hours. It is desirable that plants be present in the aquarium with guppies, this will make the habitat more close to natural.
Albinos and other high-breed species of gupashek are very sensitive to the conditions of detention, and hence their lifespan is shorter.
Always remember that breeding species are more demanding. in the process of removing the adaptation mechanisms weaken. The most "gentle" are albinos and fish, completely painted in a dark color (blue, black, etc.). It is important to monitor the stability of the water quality, and even if it has deteriorated it is worth gradually to level it. By dramatically changing the indicators, you can destroy the fish.
Usually, in an aquarium, gumps live longer than in wild conditions. But this rule is valid only with proper care. So on average, these aquarium pets live for about 2. 3 years, although there are also long-livers of years of commercials 5. Females live 3-4 years, and males rarely live longer than 3 years.
As with people, the older a fish is, the easier it is for various kinds of diseases, let’s delve into the question of the age of your pets, do you know who is a long-liver in an aquarium, and who is still very young?
With age, guppies lose their bright color and become less mobile.
In general, determining the age of guppies and other aquarium fish is often very ungrateful, but if you are careful, you will notice the difference. So young individuals of both sexes have a simpler body shape. they look like a line or a stick, if you want. Mature individuals have more prominent tummies, a small backbend, which increases as the fish ages.
In addition to appearance, be sure to pay attention to the behavior of fish. Young individuals up to 3-4 months have a fervent temper, they are most active in the aquarium and, although they have already acquired color, their tail is still in the growth stage. The guppy is more mature, calmer and more sedate, in my opinion, 5-10 months is the most flourishing of the gupeshki, especially when it comes to the male. Individuals older than 10 months are the most calm and even move more slowly, their color becomes more and more faded, and the edge of the tail is frayed.
Keep in mind that this division by age is rather arbitrary, and your opinion may turn out to be subjective, but as information for reflection and some help this information may be useful.
As a result
It is not necessary in the pursuit of life records at home to check the aquarium hourly, or to care for them carelessly, in the hope of a rare "vitality". Try to maintain optimal conditions for a floating friend’s life, and each gupeshka will live a happy fish life in your aquarium, and you can fully enjoy the beauty of this species and their interesting behavior. It is not so important how many guppies live in an aquarium, more importantly how it lives!
Barbusy. one of the most common type of aquarium fish in our country. There are several dozen different breeds of barbs that have long been recognized by many fish breeders. What caused the popularity of barbs?
Firstly, their simplicity. They eat without excessive whims, sometimes even eating aquarium plants. Secondly, they are not critical of the composition of the water. Thirdly, they are inexpensive and can be affordable for anyone. Fourth, they are very cute looking. These properties of these fish are the main reasons for the selection of barbs.
How many live aquarium fish?
How many live fish?
How many live aquarium fish. this question that worries many novice aquarists. In fact, the life of aquarium fish, like any other living creature, depends on the type, habitat comfort and proper care.
In addition, the life expectancy of fish, significantly depends on the population of the aquarium. If you make a “hostel” from the aquarium, then the life expectancy of the aquarium fish will dramatically decrease. It should be remembered about the compatibility of aquarium fish: the wrong choice of fish. do not live long. It should also be remembered that the fish are cool. their body temperature is equal to the water temperature. The higher the temperature of the water in the aquarium, the faster the metabolic processes in the body of the fish occur, and their life goes faster.
How many live SHARKES BALU. 10 years; How long live APISTOGRAMS. 3-5 years; How long does a FISH ANGEL PIMELODUS live. 8 years; How long live ASTRONOTUS. 10-18 years; How long live BARBUS. 5-10 years; How long do VYUN ORTICAL. 10 live years; How many BOTIONS live. 10-15 years;
Guppies are the most unpretentious species of viviparous aquarium fish and at the same time the most interesting aquarium inhabitant. These fish are very easy to maintain and breed.
The homeland of the guppy fish is the river of the northern part of South America. Now guppies are acclimatized and settled in warm water bodies on all continents. This is done to fight the larvae of anopheles mosquitoes. And the wild forms of this fish can be seen even in the Moscow River, in the area of warm water discharge.
Guppy. a small fish. Females usually are about 5 cm, and males in aquariums do not exceed 2-2.5 cm. Females are grayish, inconspicuous with a dark spot at the tail fin. Some may have black or yellow specks on their fins.
But the male guppy is a beautiful fish. The small, narrow body of the male is covered with multi-colored spots. Color strokes and dots add up to a beautiful pattern. The tail fin is also beautifully colored. All this still shimmers and glitters.
The forms of flippers in guppies are very diverse. The back fin happens round, triangular, square, the form extended in a tape. The tail is in the form of a spade, ribbon, veil, fan, skirt.
Guppies are usually found in aquariums with a volume of 20-50 liters. It is better to acquire several fish at once, since guppies live one by one less. The optimum water temperature for keeping guppies should be between 23-28 degrees. But, in principle, they live at lower temperatures. But at a temperature of 18 degrees and less guppies cease to multiply.
If there is a lid on the aquarium, then aeration is desirable to enrich the water with oxygen. And if the cover is built-in lighting, then plant the aquarium with live plants. No guppy vegetation spoils, so you can plant any species. More beautiful in aquariums with these small fish look plants with small leaves. Plants, in addition to the decorative function, also serve as a refuge for fry.
Once a week in the aquarium requires a partial replacement of water for fresh, defended. In the old water, you can often notice the appearance of a fringe on the tails and fins.
With all these conditions, the guppies will manifest themselves in all their glory, maximally colored.
How many live guppies
The lifespan of guppies is highly dependent on the temperature of the content. If the water in the aquarium, for example, 20-24 degrees, the fish will live for about 3 years, at a temperature of about 28 degrees, life expectancy will be reduced to a year.
An interesting fact: at high temperatures, the duration of pregnancy of females becomes shorter, and the fry are born small. Adult fish are also much smaller than those that grew at a normal temperature.
Guppy breed easily. If you plant an aquarium with plants and constantly feed the fish with live food (a pipe maker, a small bloodworm, daphnia), the female guppy will toss fry all year round, with an interval of 3-6 weeks.
A young female gives birth to 10–12 fry, and an adult can give birth to 100 pieces. Fry grow very quickly. After about 1.5 months, the males will appear colored specks. By three months the fish will become adults.
By the year they finally formed a color.
How to feed a guppy
In relation to food, these fish are very unpretentious. they can eat both proportionate live food and dry. With pleasure, they also pinch small algae from the glasses of the aquarium and from the plants. Frequently asked:. What to feed the guppy fry Take the usual dry food and rub it into dust. that’s all, the food is ready.
Guppy. aquarium fish, known to all. They can be contained in the most Spartan conditions. With good care, they will be pleased with bright colors and fancy shapes of tails.
guppy aquarium fish
Guppies. aquarium fish of small size and bright, interesting color. Anyone who ever encounters aquarist knows about them. All experienced fish farmers inhabited their first aquarium guppies.
Fish have a unique survival rate. No matter how inexperienced the beginner aquarist, these fish will surely survive with him. For their maintenance do not need complex water systems and expensive equipment. They will survive even in a three-liter jar. The flocks of these babies were found in the rivers of central Russia, where the warm drains merge. These are the descendants of the collections of hapless aquarium owners.
Guppies have their own unique services to genetics. They served as a wonderful material for studying the transmission of hereditary traits and species changes. Similar processes can be observed at home by an attentive fish factory.
And in nature there are Kalik guppies or the Endler guppies!
The experience of settling these small fish to fight the larvae of the anopheles mosquito in the shallow waters of India, Africa and America has been successful. Nimble little fish dramatically reduced the population of the carrier of a serious disease.
The homeland of guppy aquarium fish is the north of the South American continent. Their flocks are common in rivers and lakes of Venezuela, Guiana, the famous islands of Trinidad and Barbados. For a long time, the Europeans transported them to the Old World in order to revitalize garden ponds and palace fountains. Fish quickly settle down in warm-water reservoirs with fresh water.
When breeding breeding species of guppies, the fish require special content. For thoroughbred specimens, an aquarium that holds at least 50 liters of water is required. Here you have to take care of the level of acidity of water. about 7 pH, and hardness. up to 25 dH. For ordinary, not purebred fish, it is enough just to defend the water for about a day or just to pass it through a household filter.
The water temperature in the aquarium, optimal for fish. about 24 degrees. If the temperature is lower, up to 18 degrees, the individuals are able to live longer, but they easily pick up the disease. An increase in temperature leads to shredding and shortening of the life cycle. How long do guppies live on average? Males. from 2.5 years to 3, larger and dimmed females. from 3.5 years to 4.
In the aquarium at the bottom it is better to pour coarse sand or small pebbles, place several bushes of unpretentious plants. This is more for external aesthetics than for the fish themselves. Among aquatic plants, such as salvinia, fry guppies like to hide; adult individuals do very well without thickets. But willingly eat small flood plants.
Guppies. aquarium fish are quite active. They love to jump out of the water. Therefore, the aquarium should be closed with a lid, and the height of the rim above the water level to leave seven centimeters.
Fish retain intense color in good light. It is better to combine artificial lighting with the help of fluorescent-colored lamps, and solar lighting during the daylight hours. Thoroughbred specimens need to install good devices for filtering and aerating water.
What to feed
If the aquarium is started up for a child, parents should explain to him in detail how to care for him. An important point is the rules of feeding fish. Overfeeding will precipitate feed to the bottom. Water from this spoils faster. It is recommended to replace it by one third every week, and to change it completely every four months. Undernourishment will reduce the brightness of males. Adults should be fed once a day, preferably at a certain hour, in small portions.
So, how to feed the guppy fish? Any food, say experienced fish farmers.
dry fish food Tetra
Without much damage, fish can fast for two weeks. Once a week it is recommended to arrange a fasting day for them.
Guppies, the reproduction of which occurs with little or no special conditions, belong to viviparous species. Males and females acquire the ability to reproduce from about four months of age.
Approximation of childbirth can be determined by the shape of the female’s abdomen: it acquires a peculiar angular shape. A female should be deposited in a separate container. When the fry are born, it is returned to the general aquarium. Fish are quite capable to eat their own fry. Therefore, the babies should be held separately for some time until they are old enough.
There are specific diseases of guppy fish.
In males, the tail may split or break. It spoils their appearance. The reasons for such trouble may be related crossbreeding, improper or inadequate feeding, rarely replaced water, insufficient oxygen enrichment of water. Individuals with defects should be transplanted into a separate aquarium, monitor the conditions of detention and change the mode of feeding.
Another disease is compression of the fins. To it lead changing conditions in the aquarium. fluctuations in temperature or composition of the water, poor-quality feeding. For the treatment of males, a solution of sea or table salt is introduced into the water.