Every home aquarium, like any ecosystem, has its own biological balance. But such an ecosystem is created artificially, and therefore this balance must be maintained artificially, that is, properly caring for the aquarium and its contents. How often should it be washed? How can you clean the aquarium yourself?
How often do they clean?
In general, any of our intervention for all aquarium animals is always stressful. Therefore, there is no need to clean up without special need. It is recommended to clean the aquarium at least 2 times a month, but all individually.
What determines the frequency? From several factors:
- from the volume of the aquarium;
- on the number and size of its inhabitants;
- on the number and size of plants;
- from the amount of feed to sleep.
Dirt appears inevitably as a result of the natural activity of living creatures and vegetation, the growth of algae, the decomposition of food residues. The resulting compounds adversely affect the well-being of all the aquarium occupants, not to mention the scruffy appearance of the decorative home oasis.
It is possible to determine that it is time to clean the dwelling of fish by the following signs:
- the water has become a dull green hue;
- fish behave less actively;
- a green plaque visible to the naked eye was formed on the walls of the aquarium;
- the slightest movement of aquarium occupants at the bottom of the aquarium leads to the raising of dirty suspension.
But there is another important indicator for cleaning, which should be guided, even when everything looks fine. These are indications of a special tester fixing the concentration of nitrates in water. If it exceeds the norm during the next measurement, it is time to wash the aquarium, although there may not be any visual reasons for this.
Before starting work
Before you start cleaning the aquarium, you need to prepare the necessary equipment. To do this, use:
- scrapers to remove plaque from the walls. with a metal blade (simple or magnetic) or plastic (for acrylic aquariums);
- siphon for cleaning the soil;
- a bucket or a large bowl;
- a net (if you plan to wash out with fish).
The processing sequence is usually as follows:
- To clean the walls of the tank from silt, simple algae, minor lime deposits;
- Wash the existing decor (shells, pebbles, snags, grottoes).
- Caring for existing plants (if available). as needed.
- Clean the soil with a siphon. as needed.
- Drain some of the dirty water.
- Clean the filter as necessary.
- Wash the walls outside.
- Top up with fresh water.
It should be remembered that the general cleaning. with the deposition of fish, the complete replacement of water and the use of special detergents. is carried out quite rarely: only in the event of an epidemic or the need to remove the limestone in large quantities. The rest of the time, they usually spend a simple regular cleaning. without setting aside living creatures, without draining all the water and by no means using washing chemistry: it can be dangerous for fish.
How to clean the aquarium from lime?
Most often, the owners are faced with a bloom of algae and bacteria or very slight formation of lime spots. In this case, it is recommended to simply mechanically remove the dirty deposits with a scraper, washcloth or household sponge, having previously disconnected all electrical devices serving the aquarium, except for the filter. Such manipulations can be carried out in the presence of fish.
If you couldn’t wash everything off the first time, you can use a metal-blade scraper or stationery knife. But it should be remembered that on the acrylic surface they can leave scratches, so you need to act very carefully.
Do not use sponges in the kitchen for aquarium work. They inhabit a variety of microorganisms. In addition, they are usually soaked in fats from dishes, and all this does not contribute to the creation of safe microflora in the home pond.
However, it also happens that the deposits of calcium salts are formed in large quantities. The reason for this may be:
- the absence or insufficient number of aquarium plants;
- systematic oversupply;
- use of non-settled water;
- poor filter quality (or severe contamination);
- irregular washing of the aquarium.
In this case, you will have to carry out general work, moving the fish with a net to another container and drain the water.
And you can resort to the help of folk remedies, available at hand with almost any hostess, and try one of the following compositions:
- lemon juice;
- a solution of a glass of water and 20 grams of citric acid;
- a solution of a tablespoon of vinegar (concentration 9%) and a glass of water;
- a mixture of ammonia with water (working ratio. 1:10);
- hydrogen peroxide diluted with water (for half a glass of water. 30 ml of peroxide).
These compositions are most conveniently applied to contamination with a sprayer (such as florist always have). Next, the funds have to work for some time, it depends on the scale and density of the raid. Then, the deposits are cleaned with an old toothbrush, a hard sponge or a metal scraper.
The final stage is thorough repeated washing of all internal surfaces of the treated container.
If it is necessary to wash the decor, remove and wash all the elements with a sponge or brush without using any chemicals.
How to clean the soil in the aquarium?
The need to clean the soil arises if suspended from the suspension while swimming fish or if the walls were cleaned and work with plants (when they are cut, weed or completely removed from the roots). For this work at home, a special siphon is usually used to clean the aquarium soil.
If a large fish lives in the aquarium and there is no live vegetation, you will have to siphon the soil every week. If there are many plants, and small animals do not densely inhabit the reservoir, such a need arises much less frequently. If only plants or shrimps live here, it is better not to touch the ground at all, so as not to harm small animals and roots.
How to clean? One end of the siphon tube is lowered into a large bucket, the second is brought closer to the pebbles, sand and everything in the bottom layer of the aquarium. This is not a primer in the direct sense of the word, but in everyday life these fillers are usually called so. The real soil (in which the plants are planted) is treated or changed very rarely. during general cleaning.
So, you need to gently lead the tube on the top layer of soil, while working pump. All trash and sewage will merge into a bucket. In principle, it is possible to lower the second end of the hose directly into the sewer drain, if there are no small ones among the aquarium dwellers that may accidentally get into the hose.
How to clean the bottom of the aquarium without draining water?
To do this, you need a special flat nozzle, which allows you to rake the soil more carefully. The tube with such a nozzle should be lowered to the bottom and led, slightly lifting the ground, while working as a pump. The dirt from the lower layer gradually collects and merges, and the agitated soil after some time sinks back. Especially carefully you need to bypass the place of floristic plantings, so as not to stir the roots.
If there are no living plants and only a layer of sand is poured at the bottom, it can be cleaned without a siphon. with a conventional hose. The procedure is similar (instead of a pump, a medical pear will do), with the only difference that sand in large quantities will also merge. It should be thoroughly washed and returned.
Try not to actively manipulate your hands in the aquarium when cleaning, because it is always stressful for its shy inhabitants.
During siphon cleaning, part of the water is removed. It must be replenished with a new one. a few days separated.
We settle assistants
To carry out cleaning less often, you can settle in the aquarium natural technicians who help clean the water and the walls of the home pond. This will be done, for example, by ordinary guppies, as well as swordtails, goldfish, petilles, antsistrusy, catfish. The structure of their mouth allows you to capture and eat small algae and plaque from the walls.
But not only these fish clean their homes. Snails and shrimps can help them. True, snails are very curious creatures, and if the aquarium is open from above, they will periodically fall out of it (so it’s better to buy such tenants for closed tanks).
So, in order to keep your water pets healthy and healthy, it is important to properly care for the aquarium. If you use live helpers, you will have to rarely clean the tank and disturb the aquarium animals.