How to run the aquarium for the first time?
Even before the launch procedure, it is necessary to solve a number of critical issues and take some necessary steps:
- Decide what kind of fish or aquatic animals you want to have. Find out what conditions they need. Be sure to find out if they are compatible with each other!
- Depending on the decisions on the first item, choose the volume and model of the aquarium, as well as a list of necessary equipment and design items. Based on the species and number of future inhabitants, decide whether you need a heater with a thermostat, for example, how powerful the filter should be, whether an additional compressor is needed, how to decorate an aquarium: stones or driftwood, which plants to plant and so on.
- Choose a place for the aquarium. not in the draft and not in the sun. It is also important that access to the aquarium was convenient, and there were a sufficient number of outlets nearby.
- Buy and install an aquarium (necessarily on a flat surface, so that its edges do not hang from the shelf or pedestal even per centimeter). Pre-aquarium washed without the use of chemical detergents.
- Place the equipment in the aquarium: filter, compressor, heater and thermometer, lighting. Fill the soil with a layer of 3-4 cm. Depending on the type of soil and its source of origin, it may be necessary to pre-heat it, boil it or rinse it. The same applies to stones and snags.
Now the aquarium is ready to fill up with water and start running. But before we give a step-by-step start-up instruction, let’s try to figure out what this notorious launch is for and what the running aquarium is different from the one that is not running.
What kind of water do you need fish?
Novice aquarists do not always understand what kind of water to pour into the aquarium. Let’s understand the composition of the water. Water varies in acid content in it. PH is an indicator of the level of acid. Acidity has a significant effect on biological processes in the aquarium.
Water consists of acid and alkaline ions, the number of which determines the measure of acidity. If they are in equal shares, then the water is considered neutral. In this case, the pH equals 7. If the figure is lower, this is evidence of acidic water, if higher. alkaline. For the successful development of fish and plants in the aquarium should be normal water.
One of the parameters of water is its hardness, which affects the possibility of keeping fish in water and depending on the amount of calcium in it. Stiffness can be temporary and permanent. Constant hardness is observed in water after boiling. The rigidity value for aquatic inhabitants may differ from the value in natural water bodies.
For the maintenance of fish, it is important to maintain a certain rigidity in the aquarium and take into account the fact that calcium is gradually absorbed by plants and fish, while the rigidity decreases. You can increase it by adding chalk, shells, limestone, as well as soda and magnesium chloride to the aquarium.
In the development of fish plays no small role light exposure. Duration of daylight hours is necessary for them from 8 to 10 hours a day. Light can be natural, artificial and mixed. Near the window the aquarium will receive natural light.
Also on the body of aquatic inhabitants affects the water temperature. Moreover, each type of fish requires a certain temperature limit for normal life. Therefore, acquiring this or that fish, it is necessary to find out at what temperature it lived in the same place.
Water is required for marine and freshwater fish. Under natural conditions, the main requirement is purity, because harmful impurities do not allow the inhabitants to successfully multiply and develop. However, how is the situation at home?
In fact, the question “what kind of water to pour into the aquarium” is really important, because you need to remember the quality of aquarium water. For example, if you use untreated water taken from the tap, pets will have to face serious harm. For this reason, you need to remember useful recommendations.
It would seem that something easier. Pour water from the tap, defend and pour into the aquarium.
Most novice aquarists do this for a second without thinking about whether they are doing the right thing.
But it is not enough to pour water into the aquarium. You need to know what water can be poured into the aquarium, and what you should not.
If you think about the difference between water in different aquariums? Water will differ in parameters like:
There is a reasonable question, how do you know what parameters should be in the water poured into the aquarium? The answer is simple. It depends on the fish and plants that are contained in the aquarium or the content of which is planned.
It is no secret that each species of fish prefers its own water temperature. Barbusses prefer warmer water, and goldfish cooler. The temperature of the water, optimal for the content of the fish, determines the temperature of the poured water. It is also the case with other parameters of the water poured into the aquarium.
If you keep cichlids who love hard water, then you should not boil the poured water. Boiling softens the water, removing calcium and magnesium salts, on which the hardness of the water depends.
Other fish prefer soft water, and water can be boiled to soften it.
As you know, water has an acid or alkaline reaction, which is characterized by a pH level. I will not go deep into chemistry, and I will notice that the pH level of the poured water is taken into account necessarily. For example, short-lived fish may refuse to lay eggs when the water is unsuitable for acid or alkaline reaction, which will confuse an ignorant aquarist when trying to breed.
Pour into the aquarium the water that is suitable for the fish in terms of their content.
How to wash the aquarium?
Before washing a new aquarium before starting it, it should stand for a few hours at room temperature so that the smell of silicone disappears. This also protects the glass during washing from cracking in the cold season.
Then the aquarium is washed with warm water, you can use a small amount of baking soda. Pour only half of the desired amount of water. Set plants, interior, rocks. A day later, add the rest of the water for 3-5 cm from the edge.
If the water does not run away, after a few days it is drained and poured a new one. The first one or two months to create a biological equilibrium water is not replaced, watching the fish, watching the leaves.
Periodic cleaning of the aquarium
With the usual cleaning of the aquarium fish are not caught. Cleaning includes washing the turbines with running water, cleaning the glasses, and replacing 1/5 of the amount of water.
When restarting, they catch fish and drain it. Algae are washed with running water, rubbing leaves between fingers.
Clean the mucus and dirt from the filter using a toothbrush and cotton buds. The filter should work around the clock. Low flow. signal to clean the filter.
The soil, which sour from fish excrement and uneaten food, is siphoned off. Instead of a siphon, use a hose with a watering can at the end of the tube. The length of the hose is 30% more than the double height of the aquarium, and its diameter is 10 or 15 mm.
In the event of an infection, the soil is washed using a strainer in small portions. Add fresh water and boil for ½ hour. Before laying in the aquarium cool and washed again. It is recommended to clean the soil once every 2-3 weeks.
After cleaning the aquarium, pour some water, return the pebbles, shells, decor, plants. Fill up the water and run the fish. Replace 1/5 of the water in the aquarium is recommended once a week. In the aquarium, the volume of which is more than 200 liters, once every two weeks, and in small aquariums twice a week. Use only filtered or distilled water.
Let’s just say I’m a beginner aquarist =))) tell me how to run the aquarium correctly
The natural life processes of the inhabitants of the aquarium lead to a gradual contamination with nitrates. The excess of these compounds can lead to a deterioration of the health of the fish, diseases and even the death of pets. especially new ones. Therefore, the water for the aquarium should be updated periodically.
It is more expedient to pour water in small portions, but more often. The world of the home water reservoir is a closed ecosystem, the abodes of which are not only fish and plants, but also a huge number of microorganisms.
Full replacement of water is always the strongest stress for its inhabitants. Therefore, this situation should be avoided. Water should be poured to meet the requirements for preparation, therefore, appropriate amounts should be prepared in advance.
In case of partial replacement of water, the following steps should be carried out:
- Cleaning equipment.
- Cleaning the walls of the aquarium.
- Thinning and pruning plants.
- Ground siphoning.
- Replacing water.
It is more convenient to drain the water using a hose and positioning the tank for draining below the water level in the aquarium. It is necessary to pour water into the pre-seed animals, it is necessary to avoid injury and stress.
With constant monitoring and care of the home water reservoir, a clear understanding of what kind of water is needed for the inhabitants of a particular aquarium gradually develops. And the fish in comfortable conditions will please the owners with an attractive appearance.