Aquarium. one of the most spectacular design elements of any room. After it is purchased, water and soil are prepared, it is necessary to acquire aquarium fish. The correct choice of these inhabitants of the home water world will allow you to enjoy the beautiful spectacle of a flock of bright fish swimming among luxurious plants.
A few tips on choosing aquarium fish
In order for the inhabitants of the underwater kingdom to feel well, be healthy and not cause trouble in the care, when you buy them you should consider some of the nuances:
The capacity of a small volume is not designed to contain a significant number of fish. If the aquarium is already purchased, you can calculate how many inhabitants in it will feel comfortable. This figure is approximate, but experienced aquarists do not recommend changing it upwards. Fish are purchased on the basis of the calculation that for at least one individual at least 4 liters is required. water. This indicator may vary depending on the breed of fish. For example, a pair of angelfish requires at least 100 liters of water for comfortable living.
What kind of fish to choose for the aquarium, if its volume does not exceed 30l.? In such conditions, feel good:
- viviparous or petsilievye: mollies, guppies, swordtails;
- haracin: neons, rasbor, minors;
- Sumatran and cherry barbs.
Presence of plants
Aquatic plants are no less beautiful than fish. Bright, juicy greens and foliage of different shapes and sizes adorn the aquarium remarkably, creating a complete composition. Unfortunately, not all fish are able to get on with the underwater garden. Many of them devour tender young shoots, dig out bushes of aquatic plants from the ground, turning the aquarium into a sad spectacle. Before you get the fish, you should find out their attitude to the vegetation. What kind of fish can be settled in an aquarium, so that they do not turn the underwater kingdom into a dugout wasteland? The most loyal of them are:
- Viviparous or petsilievye;
- Carp: danios, rasbor, cardinals, small types of barbs (except for the bar Sumatran, Everett, cross).
Compatibility of aquarium fish
Novice aquarists often make the mistake of planting predatory and peaceful fish in one aquarium. Most often, this situation turns into a tragedy, when predators eat the rest, which are natural food for them. What kind of fish can you get in the aquarium so that they do not attack each other?
To peace-loving include viviparous fish, many species of carp, cichlids, gold. Among the cichlids, there are also small fishes, distinguished by an absurd character: the astronotus, the angelfish do not like the neighborhood with other breeds very much, but left to themselves will show an exclusively peaceful character.
Aquarium pikes, piranhas, snakeheads can attack weaker and smaller individuals. In some species of fish, the negative attitude of males to each other is pronounced. For example, swordtails, betta fighting, during the mating season can sort things out, which are often fatal. Such fish can be kept in flocks, in which the male will be one, and the females. several.
For beginners, aquarium enthusiasts are recommended to start a simple breed of fish that require minimal maintenance. Viviparous or petsilievye, carp, cichlids are quite suitable for the first aquarium.
Caring for an aquarium is to keep it clean, to regularly clean and change a part of the water, to feed the aquarium fish and to monitor their health. To feed the inhabitants of the underwater kingdom in a better way combined, giving both ready and "live" food. What is the best fish food? The larvae of the mosquito, the bloodworm, as well as the pipe maker, the living daphnias, and the bead are taken to live. And although these foods are considered to be the most preferred by aquarists, with their frequent use there is a risk of infection of the fish with helminths and other parasites that enter the aquarium together with the larvae and crustaceans.