In order for the aquarium from decorating your home does not become a source of constant problems, you need to comply with the conditions of the fish. And one of the main ones is the water temperature. Let’s see what temperature is needed in an aquarium, and how to maintain it.
What are afraid and what they love fish
Fish can not regulate body temperature, it depends on the water temperature. Accordingly, all the processes in the body of fish depend on the surrounding conditions. When the water temperature decreases, all physiological processes are slowed down, and hypothermia leads to death. Overheating is also dangerous for fish. With a significant increase in temperature decreases the amount of oxygen in the water. Even the increase that the fish carry normally, accelerates their metabolism, which reduces the life expectancy.
The temperature regime in the aquarium should depend on the type of fish living in it. So, it is comfortable for popular guppies and swordtails at 24-28 ° C; Betta Fishm and tsichlazoma. at 24-26 ° C, scalars. at 26-28 ° C. The discussions tolerate temperatures up to 30 C. But catfish, anticyrus, cardinals and neons like cool water. about 20-22 ° C. For goldfish, parrots and danios, the optimum temperature is 22-24 ° C.
Optimal conditions of detention
But what temperature in the aquarium should be if it contains fish from different families? It is known that most fish bred under artificial conditions tolerate an average temperature of 22-26 ° C. But there is such a thing as a limiting temperature content. A sharp decrease in water temperature below 18-20 ° C will adversely affect the inhabitants of the aquarium. As well as an increase over 30-32 ° C. And the increase in water temperature to 36 ° C is generally deadly for almost all types of fish.
You must also ensure that there are no sharp fluctuations in water temperature during the day (more than 1-3 ° C). It is especially difficult to monitor the temperature in winter and summer, when the air temperature in the apartment varies significantly. To avoid exposure to external factors will help the correct location of the aquarium. It should not be located near the radiator and under the sunlight.
How to maintain water temperature
To know exactly what the temperature of the water in the aquarium, you need to purchase a thermometer. To maintain the optimum temperature, you will need a thermal heater with a temperature controller. This device heats the water to the set temperature and turns off.
It is much more difficult to maintain the desired temperature in the summer. To avoid water heating from the ambient air it is better to install an air conditioner in the room. You can buy a special device for cooling water in the aquarium. chiller. However, chillers are quite expensive, so many amateur hobbyists out of the situation, cooling water with fans. A small fan is placed above the aquarium so that it blows the surface of the water. Cold water bottles can also be used, but this is not effective.
Now you understand that the question of what the temperature of the water in an aquarium is not idle. This indicator is very important for normal life of the fish.