Top 10 fish to start with
What kind of fish is not worth buying for beginners, we have considered here. And the top 10 unusual fish here.
And in order to make it easier for you to navigate, we have compiled a list of the best aquarium fish for beginners and briefly described them. All of them are distinguished by unpretentiousness, tolerance to conditions in an aquarium, peaceful nature, livableness and modest size. We hope that it will help make your choice easier!
A classic for any newcomer to aquarism is guppies. They are very unpretentious, livable, and just get divorced. It is very easy to distinguish males from females, males have a big tail, they are much brighter, and their anal fin is elongated. The females are larger, fuller and the anal fin is shorter, and most importantly. they are gray, only the tail fin can be colored. They are viviparous, which means. the fry immediately swim and are adapted to life. At one time, the female guppy can sweep from 10 to 60 fry. But if you leave the fry in the general aquarium, it will be eaten quickly, you need to catch the fry in a separate container. To breed them is very simple, it is enough to keep together the males and females.
Guppies eat all kinds of feed, can grow well on branded feeds. flakes, granules, etc. It is worth noting that beginners are not recommended to start pedigree forms of guppies, because of the long mixing of blood, they, on the contrary, have become capricious and difficult to maintain.
Males of guppies of different breeds
There is also a species of Endler’s guppy. The differences between endlers are much smaller in themselves, the males are not veiled, they are much more agile, the fry are less infected, but the fry themselves are larger and breed more often.
Sword-bearers / Molly / Pocile /
We will unite them in one group (swordtails / mollies / squares /), since they are very similar in behavior and content, although outwardly they are very different. Just like guppies, they are viviparous. And that means there will be no problems with the fry, he immediately swims, eats, hides.
They are very simply divorced, the principle is the same as that of a guppy. just keep the males and females together. They are very bright and mobile fish, you will not need to look for them to consider, on the contrary, they will always beg for food from you. They tolerate various conditions in the aquarium and forgive mistakes that beginners often make. They eat all kinds of live, artificial, frozen feed. In general, they are similar to guppies in content, but outwardly larger, have a variety of color and body shape. As a precaution. do not buy a lot of male Swordtails in one aquarium, they can fight!
Petilia and mollies during feeding
Danio rerio is a small (up to 5-6 cm), elegant fish. For its small size, peaceful disposition and unpretentiousness, it has earned great popularity in aquarium.
Since this is a schooling fish, it is better to keep at least 5-6 individuals. The aquarium can be planted with plants, but it is important that the danios have free space for swimming near the surface, as this is a very mobile fish. If you are going to have a veil form, do not plant them with fish that may tear off fins, for example, with a Sumatran barbus. The aquarium should be closed, as danios can jump out of the water.
Omnivorous, they eat any kind of feed. branded, live, frozen. It is better to feed them with flakes, as they pick up food from the surface of the water and they don’t collect them for a long time without sinking. It is very easy to breed danios, for once the female lays from 200 to 500 eggs.
This is a very small (2.5-3 cm) and very unpretentious fish. However, it is brightly colored, just divorced and completely non-aggressive, even the cardinals do not touch their fry. They tolerate cold water, some even keep them in the summer in a pond in the yard. They love to move in the middle layers, and also like to gather in flocks. You need to keep them in small flocks, from 6 pieces. Although it is possible and large, with its modest size, the cardinals do not require large aquariums. With good content can live up to 3 years.
These are small, mobile, beautiful and pack catfish. There are many different types of corridors, but the most popular are speckled catfish and golden catfish. All of them are similar in their behavior. living at the bottom, they are constantly looking for remnants of food, thereby cleaning the aquarium. They are very mobile, while remaining quite small, and carry the widest range of conditions.
Any type of feed is suitable for feeding, but it is important to ensure that the feed falls to the bottom, and catfish do not stay hungry while other fish stuff their bellies. It is best to feed the corridors with special food for catfish, they quickly sink, and falling to the bottom do not fall apart. It is better to keep the corridors in the flock, they like to live surrounded by relatives, and it is very interesting to watch them in the flock.
Very beautiful and very small fish, which is perfect in the neighbors for all of the above fish. Grow up to 5 cm and very peaceful. Beautiful coloring, on which a black spot stands out (for which it got its name), its small size and peaceful disposition made it very popular. It is better to keep the cuneiform pack in a flock, and there should be enough free space in the aquarium for swimming. The flock rasbor keeps together and very much decorates any aquarium. You can feed a variety of feeds, it is only important not to give large ones, as it simply cannot swallow them.
This is one of the most unusual fish that even an inexperienced aquarist can see.
Related to the vines, it resembles a small snake. But it is completely harmless, and quite durable. Acantoftalmus often hides during the day, and in order for him to feel comfortable he needs shelter and soft soil in which he likes to dig. In soft ground, he is able to find and dig a buried moth, not to mention other feed.
If there is sand in the aquarium, it will be buried in it with pleasure. So it helps to keep the aquarium clean, eating everything that falls to the bottom. You can feed him with any sinking feed, but additionally pour feed for catfish, better at night. Can escape from the aquarium, you need to cover it. The readers said that in the sand they could dig in stones, but I had never met with such a thing, mine definitely did not undermine anything.
Fishes belong to the same genus. labyrinth. These fish live in water that is poor in oxygen and adapted to this by learning to breathe oxygen from the surface. You will see how they rise to it, to take another breath of air. Small, peaceful, males are very brightly colored, and their ventral fins have turned into long processes. You can feed any feed, including floating. Only give the moth with care and a little, it is poorly digested.
Already after the publication of the article, my readers corrected. The essence. liliaus can be difficult for beginners (he is just a little flaky and jealous of females). I agree, and add that there is another wonderful fish of the same kind. gourami. There are many types, but for beginners a good choice would be marble gourami. Very hardy, peaceful, of unusual shape and color. It is generally similar to lyalius, but larger and less demanding. So you can stop at this gorgeous fish, and start up a little later.
Peaceful, small fish, the males of which have a very bright color, for which they got their name. This is a schooling fish, so to keep a cherry barb is better from 5 pieces. But you will notice that he keeps loosely, gathering in a flock only in case of fright. The size of the cherry barb is small, the color of the males is bright red and very noticeable, the requirements for the content are low. This is a good fish to mention on our list.
A pair of cherry barbs
Perhaps this is the largest fish from the list, grows about 15 cm, if the aquarium allows. But he earned his popularity for his unusual appearance, for clearing the aquarium and his stamina. Antsistrus is a catfish, but catfish is unusual, it lives in nature due to the fact that it eats algae and fouling.
And his mouth turned into a suction cup, with which he scrapes it all. In the aquarium, he is a cleaner walls and decor. The males have unusual growths on the head, making it very memorable. Peaceful, but with other males can arrange fights. For him, it is important vegetable food, you need to feed special pills.
Of course, this is an incomplete list, and after thinking it can be increased significantly. But the task was to acquaint beginner aquarists.
Beginners, I recommend first to learn all about the fish that you liked, and choose first of all hardy, easy-care, and peaceful fish that get along well with others in the general aquarium.
And experienced ask for your thoughts about the fish, which they consider simple, in the comments below. I am sure many beginners will thank you for it.
What fish do the angelfish get on with in the aquarium?
To date, the choice of aquarium fish is very large. It all depends on your preferences and financial capabilities. But for a beginner aquarist it is necessary to choose unpretentious fish, with a calm character and good relations with other inhabitants. Many newcomers love the angelfish for their beauty and grace, combined with leisure. However, for the content in the aquarium is not the easiest fish. An important factor is the knowledge. with whom the scalar live well.
Angelfish are a very common type of aquarium fish belonging to the tsikhlovyh family. Almost every amateur. aquarist can see these colorful, very graceful fish. The birthplace of the angelfish is South America, namely, calm, often standing bodies of water with dense vegetation.
In appearance, these are rather large fish, wild individuals have a fairly calm color of silver with black stripes. Their body is flattened in the form of a crescent. The nature of this color and body shape were provided as a defensive reaction: the dark stripes can be invisible among underwater plants, the flat shape allows you to quickly and smoothly maneuver between them.
But the great advantage of this type of fish is that they are rather successfully and multifacetedly modified in the process of selection. So there were leopard, diamond, zebra, marble, gold and many other types of these fish. Their size is very large, about 15 centimeters, but may be more. The life expectancy of an angelfish is up to 10 years, but with good care this period of time can increase significantly.
To feed they are quite unpretentious, they feed on all its varieties. It is better to choose food that does not sink, since the angelfish mostly float near the surface, and will not collect it from the bottom. You need to feed 2-3 times a day. Do not overfeed in any case, as they are prone to obesity. This may lead to the impossibility of reproduction. It is useful even to arrange a fasting day for them once a week.
Another undoubted advantage is the affordable price of scalar, their relative simplicity in content, high probability of reproduction. These fabulously beautiful fish willingly get along with a lot of other representatives of the underwater world.
It should be borne in mind that the scalar is a predatory fish, therefore, almost all small fishes settled to it will be perceived as food. And for larger fish of the predator family, the scalar herself can become an object of hunting. Especially if you take into account its slowness when combined with a calm character. Another point is to move neighbors to these fish better from a young age, if they grow up together, they can coexist peacefully throughout their lives.
List of good neighbors
Let’s look at what kind of fish can live with scalars in an aquarium?
- SomicsPractically all get along with these calm and sluggish fishes. Somiks are bottom dwellers, the angelfish simply will not notice them, since they absolutely do not care for the aquarium bottom. These fish live well together in the aquarium.
- CichlidsAlthough they belong to the same species, the ideal symbiosis is not always obtained. It would seem, relatives, what should they share? But the thing is that in contrast to the scalar, other representatives are more nimble and more aggressive. Most often, fights occur because of a place at the trough. There is a high probability of a certain confrontation between stronger fish from different schools in the aquarium.
- Barbusses.Very often it is advised to move the barbs. This is quite justified, they live well together. But there are several points: the temper of the barbs is significantly different, they are more active, they can easily leave scalar without lunch. Also because of their activity, these fish can offend calmer cichlids, and sometimes even manage to bite off their fins. Therefore, when you obselenie need to carefully observe their behavior.
- Gourami.These fish are also quite large in size and, together with the scalars, create a beautiful composition in the general aquarium. But you need to settle them together from the young age, then problems should not arise. Otherwise, you can not count the representatives of both species.
- Danio.It is believed that danios can easily coexist with scalars. Yes, it is possible. But it is possible that in the absence of light, scalaries can easily open up a hunt for them with the purpose of eating. Although danios are not that simple either. If this happens, they develop a reflex, and with the onset of the night the fish in the aquarium hide closer to the bottom.
See how the pink angelfish and danios get along together perfectly.
- PequillyExcellent live in the same aquarium. Angelfish more often than not just notice the representatives of this species. Therefore, these fish will be excellent neighbors.
- The irisFully compatible, when taken into account, if they grow with scalars since childhood. Although sometimes you can miss a pair of iris in an aquarium.
- GuppyWith varieties of guppies, scalars can get along, but they can. not. If they are lodged together with fry, then most likely they will be quite comfortable. But of course, newborn fry will be eaten by angelfish. But it is worth remembering that adult guppies are also sinning this way, so this is not an indicator for separate coexistence in an aquarium.
- NeonsThey can live together, since neons live mainly on the bottom, for cichlids they are invisible, but if they often catch the eye, then these predators can easily get a grudge like very small fish.
- Labo and tetras.It is believed that the union is quite possible if these little fish have grown together.
- Pseudotropheus.In practice, they showed good livability with scalars, but nevertheless there were cases when pseudo-feitas gnawed fins on other fish. So you need to observe their behavior in the aquarium.
Such fish as goldfish, piranhas, discus, and astronotus will not be suitable for scalar neighbors.
Watch closely for the behavior of the fish during the day. Just in case, prepare a place in an additional aquarium or a container with water in order to separate the fighters in time.
Look at the common aquarium with scalar.
Instead of conclusion
Important conditions of detention. If the aquarium is spacious, there are enough secluded places for smaller fish, and the fish feed regularly and balancedly, then there are fewer reasons for aggression, each species simply lives its own life. Try to create the most favorable conditions for the inhabitants of your aquarium. In this case, they will please you, have a positive effect on health and emotional state, prevent the appearance of neurosis and depression, and also help your children to develop.
Who does the guppy contain?
A typical question for aquarists who are going to keep Poecilia reticulata (Guppy) in the general aquarium is: “Which fish get along with guppies?”. It is important to avoid settling with predatory fish, such as the red-tailed shark, Sumatran barbs, scalars, large cichlids, eels, and mastembela. The best aquarium neighbors for small viviparous fishes (3-7 cm) are small fish with a peaceful nature.
Fish that are suitable for settlement with Poecilia reticulata
There are a large number of freshwater aquarium fish that can live with guppies in peace and harmony. The listed types are the safest options. They mate with these viviparous Pecillians in terms of similarity of living conditions and behavioral characteristics.
Somiki corridor. relatively slow swimmers, almost always in the lower layers of the aquarium. They are characterized by small body size and calm disposition, they gradually clean the aquarium from food debris. Guppies swim in the upper and middle layers of the water, so the corridors will not hook them. However, one should not add salt to the water in which catfish live (and the pets-liqueras love such water), otherwise they will die.
See how guppies and catfish corridor dwell in the same aquarium.
Mollies, patcilia, swordtails. viviparous fish of the Family Petsilievye, which are best compatible with guppies. All fish are related species, in the general aquarium they can breed, bringing hybrid offspring. Guppies, mollies and platies will not conflict with each other. But the swordtails, especially adult males, can terrorize the tail fish, so it is better to settle with “swords” fish with short fins. Mollies prefer to live in a pair. If in a spacious aquarium will live a couple of moles and a few guppies, you get a great neighborhood.
Neon tetra. the most popular freshwater and tropical fish. You can keep with any peaceful species of fish, it was even called "pearls of the aquarium." Neon tetras are characterized by a rosy blue body with a reddish tinge. They create a strong flock of 6-10 individuals, and calmly swim in the upper and middle layers of water. Can make an excellent company viviparous fish, without disturbing them.
Rasbory. differ in metallic color scales, they are clearly visible, which simplifies the care of these fish. Hardy, peace-loving, swim in a flock of 6-8 fish. They can be settled with guppies in the general aquarium, as their characters are perfectly compatible.
Dwarf loaches. like all loaches, they are very peaceful fishes. However, some types of char can grow larger in size compared to guppies. Dwarf loaches remain small all their life, rarely grow to a length of more than 5 cm, so that they are commensurate with petilia fish. They like to swim in a flock, so settle them immediately with a flock of 3 individuals. You can build a few shelters in the aquarium, add live plants, because these loaches like to hide and rest.
Endler Guppy (lat. Poecilia wingei). used to believe that Endler’s viviparous fish are relatives of Poecilia reticulata. Later it turned out that these are different species, although both come from Central America. There are certain similarities between species; they can interbreed in the same aquarium. Viviparous endlers are suitable for tropical aquariums, where different viviparous petsilievy live. It should be borne in mind that the Endler fish grows up to 3.8 cm in length, therefore it cannot be accommodated with larger species. Settle them immediately for 6-8 individuals and more, create shelters for them, otherwise they will be eaten. Poecilia reticulata will ignore them, but under proper conditions of detention.
Observe laliusi, neons, catfish and guppies in the general aquarium.
General rules for compatibility with guppies in home aquarium conditions
When choosing a fish for a community with guppies in an aquarium, you need to know some general rules that you should follow:
- In the tank you can keep the fish only with a similar temperament and behavior. Males guppies usually have long and lush fins, so those neighbors who can pluck them should not live with them. Guppy is not compatible with aggressive, fast types, otherwise stress and physical exhaustion of victims cannot be avoided.
- Diet and water requirements. be sure to choose fish that prefer the same food and water conditions as guppies. Check the pH, hardness, temperature of the water environment.
Who do the barbs get along with?
Barbus. killing fish, representatives of the genus Barbusov. Natural habitat. Africa and Southeast Asia. There are several dozen species of these fish that lead the pack way of life. The average size of small fish is 4-8 cm. Sometimes, endemics caught in natural water bodies can be seen on the market, and they are easily adapted to the home aquarium. Some adults grow large, 12 cm or more in size.
The opinion is widespread, their compatibility in an artificial reservoir is possible with other fishes. Indeed, some aquarists are not afraid to settle them with gourami, guppies, swordtails, and even cichlids. However, the school of barbs is able to intimidate and show aggression towards neighbors, sometimes destroying them physically. Yes, and among themselves they get along not without resistance. these fish are active, nimble and will not miss theirs.
Barbs growing in length of 10-12 cm are classified as large species. Among them: arulius, Everett, red-cheeked barb, African barbs. Compatibility in the general aquarium is possible with cichlids, freshwater sharks and catfish. Medium and small barbs reach a length of 5-6 cm in the aquarium. These include Sumatran, five-lane, green, ruled, oligolepis barb.
They are united by a cheerful disposition and a high level of activity in the water, so they are recommended for breeding in glass tanks. Get on with other fish of similar size, but not with slow. Snooty character. fish with long and veiled fins pluck, depriving those of a beautiful appearance. For them it is better to choose a spacious rectangular aquarium, where there will be enough space for swimming. Shelters are also important. stones, snags and plants, but in a certain amount. they are not needed much for schooling fish. 6-7 fish should be acquired immediately to avoid stress and conflict situations.
Look at the aquarium with Sumatran barbs in the company with scalar scalar and ordinary.
A signal of unfavorable conditions in an aquarium may indicate a strange position of the fish. when they do not lie at an angle of 45 degrees head down (as during rest), but at a greater angle.
Quickly swim in the pond, are constantly in motion, play among themselves, catch up with each other. They live not very peacefully, they will compete with even aggressive species of fish. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully and carefully choose their neighbors.
Who can live with most barbs?
Before allowing other fish to approach them, it is necessary to check their compatibility in the aquarium. As you know, these teasers are not averse to fighting or pinching their neighbors, it may be fun for them, but for others it is a big fright.
To resist the barbs, fish have to gather in large flocks, and the nature of these "competitors" must be strong, not fearful. Only under such conditions can provocations be avoided. Often, barbs of different types are settled in one nursery, so as not to risk unsuccessful sharing.
If you want to pick up the fish on the similarity of color and temperament, avoid the neighborhood with slow-moving fish. For example, Sumatran barbs look good with clown fights. they have a similar scale color and similar habitat.
Proven compatibility between barbs and other species of fish with which they live peacefully, these are small fish:
On the behavior of Sumatran barb with neighbors
Sumatran barbs, or tiger. very mobile representatives of the underwater world. Make a perfect neighborhood in the aquarium to those fish that have an active disposition and similar sizes. Compatibility with fish, in which wide void-shaped fins are unacceptable. they bite them. Fish of medium and large sizes are also not always suitable. Gourami, cichlids, telescopes, scalars, and tails are incompatible with them. The restless appetite of the "tiger" will create problems for a peaceful fish, taking away its food.
Fish that have offspring, will also suffer. their fry will be eaten by the Sumatran "tiger." Even the fish from their flock, they oppress that already talk about strangers. This is a territorial view that considers itself the owner of the reservoir. If the fish has mastered some part of the aquarium, it will not give it to anyone. the enemy will be immediately expelled.
Tiger barbs can not be called very aggressive fish. The described cases are rare, and, as a rule, under the wrong conditions of detention and sharing. They are recommended to be settled in the pond after other fish live there and get comfortable. in this case mutual sympathy and respect for each other will arise.
Is it possible to move the barbs to live-bearing fish?
Fishes of different types require a large space for keeping. When flocks of different species of fish are found in a small aquarium, territorial and personal conflicts begin. Big mistake novice aquarists. sharing the barbs to the peaceful viviparous fish in a small tank.
Look at the Sumatran barbs along with the green labo.
Guppies do not belong to those types of fish that can be hooked to active fish. There were cases when the latter attacked guppies, even an increase in the number of males did not help. We have to settle these species in separate nurseries, saving them life and health.
Do the barbs go up to the swordtails?
Swordtails have large and lush fins, to which the barbs are not indifferent. A big plus of the Sword-bearers is high mobility and activity in the reservoir. A chase may occur, and the barbs will surrender. But in order for the neighborhood to be successful, you should follow several rules:
- Do not keep too small aquarium: there should be enough space for everyone in it, be sure to plant water plants in it. Large space will allow barbs to frolic.
- Move to the swordtail barbs of different types. This is to prevent aggression. Representatives of different species will begin to sort things out among themselves, without disturbing other fish.
- Barbs have no sense of proportion. having bitten a fish once, a predator wakes up in them. They will not lag behind the victim, and may ultimately destroy the creature. This happens when the supposedly active swordtail is calm and slow.
- Swordtails will not show aggression to the barbs, if they will have enough food and shelter. Subject to the rules, all fish can cohabit peacefully and without conflict.
More about compatibility
If you have a beautiful and spacious aquarium with gourami, and you decide to share a flock of barbs with them. be careful! The latter are avid hooligans who will literally “get” beautiful fish. Gourami will calmly relate to such a neighborhood, but one cannot say so about barbs. Small species get along with gourami, but large ones can damage their fins, and even destroy. Again, in order to prevent conflicts, a flock of 6 or more individuals should be hooked up immediately, so that the barbs have a showdown of the relationships within the flock. Gourami will only watch the fights and chases. Given this fact, gourami and barbusyat can be neighbors in the same territory.
See also: Breeding features of barbs.
Unpretentious gourami. great neighbors
Gourami are small fish of the Macropod family, a suborder Labyrinth fish. Many species are endemics of Southeast Asia, prefer calm waters with a slow current. Gourami in these regions are of industrial importance, but in many aquariums in the world they are ornamental fish. They have a peaceful and calm character, small body size, to keep them simple even for a beginner aquarist. Gourami practically do not show aggression towards their neighbors in the “house”, most often they are in conflict with each other. To settle them in a common nursery, you must understand the peculiarities of their character.
These fish will not deliberately disturb their neighbors, chase and eat their fry, as they eat only small food. Females often hide in shelters or dense vegetation, sometimes they swim up to the upper layers of water in order to get air from the surface. In males, the character is unpredictable, sometimes flimsy and aggressive, but they are poorly protected from predatory species, if there are such in the aquarium. They are easy to grab for thin thread-like fins of the abdominal part.
It is important that they live well with other fish, their character unpretentious and peaceful. If you want to save them a prosperous life, take care of good-neighborly settlement.
Are compatible with each other?
Interspecific differences arise between them, during which they clarify the hierarchical roles or protect the territory. Aquarium gourami are practically incompatible with other members of their family. Naturally, when representatives of one species get along, but this does not apply to this species. Here everything is much more complicated. They constantly vie for the attention of the females, if there are few females in the aquarium for the male, he will not create a pair.
See how they fight gourami.
The fight between males can be extremely dangerous and lead to strong aggression, even worse than the attack of fish of another species. Compatibility is possible if one male and 2-3 females are placed in the tank for him. Then all the inhabitants will remain unharmed and happy. The labyrinth fins are usually thin and long, so they are easy to capture during rivalry.
Compatibility with other species
Aquarium gouras can live with other fish even better than with their closest congeners. Compatibility is possible with peaceful small fish that will swim in the middle and lower layers of water. There are also a number of representatives of the underwater world, with whom the gurus easily get along. Compatibility is possible with neons, iris, danios, battles, swordtails, tetras, catfish, minors. Representatives of the families of cichlids and scalar also get along with gourami.
It is not recommended to settle with large predators, with fast and active fish, playful. This applies to species that can pluck fins and constantly interfere, among them: barbs, cichlids, Betta Fish, parrots fish, astronotus, goldfish.
Compatibility is not possible with discus, shrimp, guppy, since there will be a confrontation between them, or some will be eaten by others.
The following factors may cause conflicts between gouras and unrelated fish species:
- Bright color or long, fluffy fins that attract caring neighbors. They can tear off the fins, or destroy the "handsome";
- Disproportionate fish need space for swimming and life, if some fish swim at the upper layers, others at the bottom, this does not lead to collisions;
- Insufficient aquarium volume and lack of personal swimming space, insufficient number of plants and shelters;
- The main cause of conflict is the appearance of superiority in size, large aquarium fish immediately notice small fish, perceiving them for food.
Look at the aquarium with gourami, scalar and speckled catfish.
To understand whether compatibility between species is possible, it is necessary to become familiar with the criteria of full, partial compatibility and incompatibility. With full compatibility, you can safely observe the life of fish, with partial threats of rivalry, in the absence of compatibility as such, fish do not need to be placed in one aquarium at all.
Couples gourami and fish compatibility:
- Angelfish and gourami: fully compatible
- Barbus: partially compatible
- Betta Fish: incompatible
- African cichlids: incompatible
- South American cichlids: incompatible
- Corridors: fully compatible
- Danio: fully compatible
- Discusses: partially compatible
- Lost: Partially compatible
- Goldfish: incompatible
- Gourami: partially
- Guppy: Partially
- Koi carps: incompatible
- Botsii: fully
- Mollies: fully
- Astronotus: incompatible
- Percylia: fully
- Plekostomusy: fully
- The iris: fully
- Rasbory: fully
- Labeo: completely
- Swordtails: fully
- Tetras: fully
- Acne: Partial
- Piranhas: incompatible
- Shrimp: incompatible
- Floating aquarium plants: fully
See also: How to care for chocolate gouras?
What are the best neon fish fishes?
Neons are small freshwater fish of the Kharatsin family. In the wild, they are very active and brisk, able to quickly hide from predators, maneuvering among thick plants. Body size reaches 3 cm in length, life expectancy depends on water temperature: from 1.5 years to 3 years. Behavioral characteristics: due to a peaceful disposition, they can live together with each other in a flock, as well as with other species of fish. Guppies and neons, petsyli and neons, catfish and neons get along well in the same aquarium. Such compatibility is beneficial for novice aquarists, since these types of fish will definitely not harm each other.
What else should be considered in compatibility? Males of neons are brighter in color than females, the contrast of scales depends on the species. But one thing unites them. a horizontal strip passes through the body, which glitters with “neon” shimmering even in darkness. This feature can be attractive to predatory fish and those who do not welcome next to their more beautiful neighbors. So settle a flock of neons of 5-7 fish and more in a spacious tank with shelters so that in case of unforeseen attacks, they can hide in time.
Settlement rules in a common aquarium
Neons are characterized by calm behavior, and only during the spawning season they become overly active and cocky. Therefore, choose as your neighbors for them fish are not predatory, but omnivorous or herbivorous, balanced and not very playful. There are a number of rules that are important to ensure that the compatibility of neons with other fish in the aquarium is the most successful.
Look at the successful version of the general aquarium with neons.
- Compatibility is possible between fish that live in the wild in a similar environment. Neon fish live in water at a temperature of 18-24 ° C, pH 5.5-7.5 pH, hardness 8-20o. Therefore, their neighbors in the aquarium should be adapted to the same parameters.
- Neon cannot be settled with large predators that feed exclusively on meat and carrion. Otherwise, peace-loving neons will become prey for them. the fins can be cut off, at a minimum.
- You can not settle in the general aquarium fish large and small, such an incompatibility can cause severe stress, or loss of bright body color.
- Choose neighbors, similar in temperament. Small and nimble fish will feel comfortable in the company of calm and not fast fish. What is it for? The fact is that the activity of fish can cause fluctuations in water, which can lead to stress.
- Neons are schooling fishes, not loners. They feel well in the company of the same kindred, the fish alone will not live long.
With whom neons can and cannot get along
Neon get on well in the home pond with such aquarium fish: Pecillia (guppies, swordtails, mollies, placiums), speckled catfish, panda, tetra, danio rheo, labo, rastar, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, hyacinths, sweaters, laboratories, rasomes, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, marines, sweaters, minors, gourami, iris, pulcheras, minors, and fish. Consider compatibility with some fish in more detail.
See how well the scalar and neons get along in one aquarium.
Somiki corridor are excellent neighbors for small haracin ones, live together in the bottom layers of the aquarium, and collect remnants of uneaten food. The corridors are innocuous fish, also small and peaceful, they love to watch their neighbors without harming them.
Rasbory. can make an excellent company neon. Among them: the actual rasbory, boraras, microassemblies and trigonustigma, some of them belong to the family Karpovye.
Fishes of the Family Petsilievye (guppies, molly, sword-bearers, petsilia). peacefully cohabit with haracin. Swordtails also have small body size, but males may be excessively active. It should be borne in mind that more than two swordtail males sometimes pursue smaller neighbors, especially during the spawning period. With insufficient feeding, in the cramped, small place for swimming, the swordtails become unbearable. So that these fish do not terrorize small neons, the aquarium should be spacious, with a sufficient number of plants and shelters.
Neons are poorly compatible with such fish:
- Large catfish, cichlids, barbs, astronotus, Betta Fish, carp koi. those who live in cool water, or have a predatory, aggressive behavior.
- Goldfish. they live in cool water, and are aggressive towards bright fish and their offspring.
- Angelfish. can live with neons only under the condition that they all grew up with the age of young animals. But neon-stranger scalar will be perceived as food. Also during the mating season, the scalar will be aggressively inclined towards everyone, including these small fish.
Choosing the perfect neighbors for guppies
Most novice aquarists prefer viviparous, beautiful, small in size, nimble guppy fish. Hardy and unpretentious fish are able to survive even in the most extreme conditions. There are, of course, those who don’t like these fish because of their size. But mostly they are turned on because of the peaceful nature of their cohabitants. In some moments, this trait plays against them. So, snooty neighbors can offend the little inhabitants of the chic tails.
Keeping and caring for guppies
Caring for guppies will not cause trouble and will not cause complexity. For small fish it does not matter the displacement of the aquarium, they will live in the most miniature versions. However, there is a question about the humanity of such a content of fish.
When selecting neighbors, it is important to take into account not only the interests of the guppies, but also the "perpetrators" themselves. Therefore, carefully make sure that the water balance is ideal for all pets.
The perfect guppy aquarium:
- Temperature 23-26 degrees;
- Stiffness from 10 to 25;
- Acidity 6.5-7.5;
- 2 liters of pure water per individual;
- The presence of plants and shelters;
- Dim additional lighting;
- Replacing a third of water weekly.
The presence of a filtering device, pump and air compressor are not required. However, this figure is very relative and will depend on the population of the aquarium. The more residents, the higher the need to purchase these devices.
Guppies can use any kind of food as food. This is another plus in the piggy bank of their demand. They are omnivores, and gladly devour everything that is given to them. Of course, feeding only dry mixtures is not desirable, since they will eventually lead to an imbalance of trace elements in the body of fish and the aquarium as a whole. Supplement the diet with moths, daphnia, cyclops and pipemaker. Guppies will also be delighted with vegetable feed. Please note that these fish are prone to gluttony, so carefully dose the amount of food.
Compatibility with other fish
Due to the peaceful nature of pets, you should think about the possibility of keeping them separate from other fish, but if you still want to make an aquarium with many types of fish, carefully select your neighbors. They in no case can not be planted to predators.
Guppies get along well with some catfish, gouras, tetras, battles and some species of haracin fish, and corridors will do. But in practice it has been proved that even among them there are snooty individuals who strive to offend guppies.
The most popular options are:
- Angelfish. Most novice aquarists believe that this option is the most optimal. In fact, he is successful until the angelfish grows up. Therefore, the belief that fearful scalars are harmless is fundamentally wrong. However, there are cases when they peacefully get along with each other in huge aquariums.
- Swordtails. These fish are not the most suitable option, since adult Swordtails often bite their neighbors and eat their offspring. You can plant them together only if you have taken care to grow dense thickets of plants in which both fry and adult fish will be able to find shelter.
- Barbusses. Barbusses are dangerous for beautiful guppy fins. Because the bright colors attract the attention of this fish, and they tend to bite guppies. Pay attention to other fish that will not be so aggressive.
- Goldfish. This option is strictly prohibited. A goldfish can bring a small guppy to death, so consider other options.
Therefore, be careful with your neighbors for such tender and defenseless fishes. Leave the stereotypes and carefully study the approach, both to the owners of the aquarium and to their neighbors. Guppies get along well with peace-loving fish, but categorically do not accept fighters. Be attentive to the behavior of all pets. If you notice aggression from the other fish during feeding, you should try to increase the dose of food. It is hunger or lack of free space that can make ideal neighbors the worst enemies, leading to injury and stress. Choosing neighbors, read as much information as possible and consult with other breeders about whether new inhabitants will not eat the fry of the viviparous guppy.
The most unpretentious and small aquarium fish with photos
I think many aquarium fish experts will agree that the first place is given to guppes.
Everyone probably knows these fish even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand "difficult conditions of detention." I happened to see an aquarium with guppies. without aeration, without filtering, without plants, without proper feeding etc horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So to mock the fish of course not worth it. But their endurance and vitality sometimes affects.
GUPPI. THIS IS A SYMBIOSIS: BEAUTY, INSENSITIVENESS AND EASY SUPPLEMENTS REPLACE ARE "LIKE A KROL" INDEPENDENTLY. YOU WILL ALWAYS BE UPDATED OF "AQUARIUM PAINTS" Read about the GUPPI read more
A very famous fish, as a result of persistent selection, a large number of swordtails of various colors and shapes were bred. Males differ from females by the presence of a “sword” on the lower edge of the caudal fin.
Swordtails are kept in flocks in a densely planted aquarium. The minimum size of the aquarium from 10 liters (but better is more). A good volume of aquarium for a small group of swordtails is 50 liters.
An interesting fact about these fish is that the female swordtail can, at some point, become a male, i.e. change the floor. This is due to the struggle for the survival of the species.
HOW AND GUPPI ARE RECOMMENDED, ALL THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO DEAD WITH THE AQUARIUM.
Read about swordsmen more in detail here.
3rd place Somiki corridors
It should begin with the fact that all aquarium catfish. a priori unpretentious. Moreover, they are “orderlies of the aquarium world”: they clean the soil and eat the remnants of life activity. The corridors are chosen from all catfish, since in addition to the gill, they have intestinal respiration, those. if aeration stops, they will live for a long time.
The fish are very peaceful, calm. They slowly swim along the bottom in search of food. In the aquarium they are usually kept in flocks. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium.
You can read more about CORRIDORATUS here.
Molly, like guppies. viviparous fishes. Unpretentious and tolerant of poor conditions. Nevertheless, they are more capricious than the “troika of winners”.
Fish suitable for beginners and young aquarists. The fishes most difficult to keep from all members of the family are demanding of their conditions, they do not tolerate low temperatures, some like “salty” water, like bright light, etc.
You can read more about MOLLINESIA here.
5th place Tetras. Harazinki
All tetras are small, brisk, not capricious fishes. However, they will not be able to survive in “Spartan conditions” as guppies. They need aeration and filtration. You can keep them in an aquarium by a group (from 5 individuals) with a volume of at least 35 liters of water.
You can read more about TETRAH here.
Very famous little fish. Fish energetic, mobile. Fish get along well with other types of fish. Somehow my terntions even lived with small cichlids. Recommended aquarium with a volume of at least 30 liters of water, densely planted with plants. Aeration, filtration. yes!
You can read more about TERNIA here.
7th place Danio (rerio, pink)
Starting from the 5th place TOP, all the fish require unpretentious attention. Tanks are different from them. briskness and speed of movement. They can coexist with many species of fish, even with fish of medium and increased aggression: scalar, goura and even with small cichlids.
Read more about DANIO here.
One of the famous large catfish of the aquarium world and excellent attendants of the aquarium. Peaceable and unpretentious to the content. They can be kept in a common aquarium with thickets of plants and a large number of shelters. Fish, do not pose any threat to other inhabitants of the aquarium. Compatible with all kinds of fish. The neighbors are not recommended only one hundred percent aggressors and predators.
You can read more about TORAKATUM here.
9th place Gourami
Gourami. are medium sized fish. Entered in this TOP due to gill labyrinth. fish do not need aeration, they breathe atmospheric air. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression. Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky.You can read more about GURAMs here.
Barbusses are schooling, small fish that can stand up for themselves! If you decide to start a barbus, I recommend to allocate for this a separate aquarium, “barbusyatnik.” "Pirate" temper, the ability to stand up for themselves. deserve 10th place. You can read more about BARBUSH here.
Of course, the above TOP is conditional. always remember the words
Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger de Saint-Exupery
“We are responsible for those who have tamed”
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure "Popular types of aquarium fish". This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
An interesting video about unpretentious and small aquarium fish
Additionally, we invite you to view a large photo collection of small and unpretentious aquarium fish
Fish that can live in the same aquarium.
The problem of compatibility of aquarium fish is not as simple as it might seem at first glance.
If, for example, carefully compile a plate indicating which fish are compatible with which, then the number of lines in it will be expressed as a 693-digit number. This is on the assumption that aquarium fish 1000 species. In fact, they are much more!
So when determining compatibility, the following factors should be considered.
1. Hydrochemical requirements. That is, fish should “love” approximately the same hardness and pH, and treat peat and old water in the same way.
2.Temperature requirements. Cold water can not be kept with warm.
Size 3. A big fish can just swallow a small one.
4. The nature of nutrition. “Fierce” predators generally get along very little with anyone. Less ferocious (like cichlids) often get along with “colleagues” of about the same size. Algae usually protects its territory and enter into a "deadly battle" with another algae.
5.Aggressiveness. Betta Fish, barbs, nek-ry cichlids are often “caught” by nibbling on lush tails.
6. Fish living together in natural conditions get along well in aquariums.
Now let’s go through the most significant groups of fish:
1. Different types of "golden". Detail answered here:
2. Small, peaceful, characteristically compatible: neons, minors, terntions, nano-magnets, petsyllobrikones, etc., are well compatible with each other.
3. Many Malawian and Tanganyik cichlids are compatible with each other.
4.Barbuses also usually get along with each other.
5. If you pick petsilievyh (viviparous) about the same size, there will also be nothing.
But personally, for 30 years I have been a supporter of keeping one species in one aquarium.
If you are interested in my opinion on a specific "fish company project", write. we will think.
It all depends on what you already have.
I combined astronotus and labo bicolor, although the latter can easily fit in the mouth of the first.
There are basic rules for beginners:
1. The volume of the aquarium is not less than 100 liters.
2. The minimum amount of water for small fish is 1.5 liters.
3. Equipment must be purchased with a margin. (for example, a 100 l aquarium needs a 200 watt heater.)
4. Feed the fry need 3-4 times a day. Adult fish. 1 time.
5. Feed must not remain on the bottom after feeding. (it is better to underfeed than to overfeed)
This is a brief squeeze of books that can be read before starting an aquarium.
And the main thing to remember is that guppies, goldfish (oranda), telescopes are NOT FISH!
Sword-bearers, Molines and other viviparous are easy to maintain, but already morally obsolete, although this is the opinion of people who have been engaged in fish for a very long time and not all.
What can be done with an aquarium can be seen in my photos in the album "WORK".