What are aquarium fish.
Different in appearance and size aquarium fish need an individual approach in their maintenance. The Karpov family, which include such well-known fish as the barbus, goldfish, is well tolerated by temperature fluctuations and does not require increased attention. The bright unusual color of the scalar, chromis and other members of the Cichlid family evokes deserved interest among many aquarists. Neon and ternation are small, gregarious fish, unpretentious in content and well tolerated in proximity to other types of aquarium fish.
The choice of aquarium fish depends on the specific requirements for their maintenance, imposed by a specific group of the family. Let’s find out what are aquarium fish
The characteristic representatives of the labyrinth suborder include gourami, betta fish and lalyiusa. Thanks to the unique organ that allows you to breathe atmospheric oxygen, care for these aquarium fish is simple and consists in keeping an aquarium equipped for aeration. An aquarium of more than 40 liters, densely populated by plants floating on the surface, will be suitable for peace-loving gourami and active lyalius.
The cherry barbus has a peaceful and timid temper, it gets along perfectly well with gourami, neon and gracilis. As a rule, at least 8 individuals are kept in a group.
Artificially bred goldfish with large, slightly bulging eyes, it is best to keep a pair in a large species aquarium. They do not tolerate the neighborhood with other aquarium fish, which can damage their delicate fins. In addition, goldfish need free space for swimming. The danio rerio peaceful fish prefer bright lighting and are kept by a group of 7-10 individuals of related species.
Akara round-headed cold-water fish and tiger-papilia tilapia are among the most widespread fish in the Cichlid family. A distinctive feature of Akara are fins bluish-yellow with blue spots and red overflow on the body of the fish. The peaceful nature of the fish allows it to be kept in a common aquarium with an apistogram, a rainbow tetra, a paca and a scalar. Due to the disc-shaped form of the body and the elongated dorsal fin, scalaries are very mobile and can hunt small fish.
Tilapia large enough in size are often very aggressive towards other individuals.
One of the most popular representatives of the suborder petsilievy are guppies and mollies. Silver with a high elongated fin mollies. a large viviparous fish. To save the fry in the general aquarium, plants floating on the surface are necessary.
Males and females of guppies differ in shape and color. Males have a brighter color and a long fin. The scales of many breeds of guppy are painted in a gray rhombic grid. These unpretentious aquarium fish inhabit all layers of the home aquarium.
Regardless of the type of aquarium fish, they reach their maximum flowering only under favorable living conditions. Permissible content of several species of fish that require similar living conditions.
What are aquarium fish
The classification of aquarium fish by their living space distinguishes between upper layers of fish, middle layers of fish and bottom layers of fish.
By behavior, there are schooling fish, fish that live in small families or in pairs, and single fish.
Types of aquarium fish
Schooling fish prefer to gather in large flocks. Almost the entire life of such a fish passes within the pack, and when it falls out of the pack, a single fish often gets sick and quickly dies.
It is necessary to take this into account when putting fish in one’s aquarium, such as, for example, glass catfish, neons, different tetras. there should be a lot of them in the aquarium.
Fish of the second category live either in small families or in stable couples.
These fish include, for example
Be sure to keep in mind that these fish during the mating period show aggression and actively dig the ground.
Therefore, settling them in your tank, you must use different grottoes to shelter the weaker individuals, large gravel for the soil with large smooth stones on the surface, and not overpower the aquarium.
Single fish do not tolerate near themselves (within a direct line of sight) their fellows. fish of the same species.
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If several such fish are placed in one small or even an average aquarium, they will beat each other there, and one of the most dominant individuals will kill all the weaker neighbors.
Although representatives of other species of fish most often such fish are loyal.
According to food preferences, fish are divided into herbivores, carnivores and omnivores.
However, this division is conditional, since under certain circumstances herbivorous fish can become carnivorous, as well as vice versa.
Therefore, it will be more correct to divide the fish into
- "Predators on the situation"
- "Predators by definition"
This factor is important to consider when settling an aquarium.
According to the method of procreation, fish can be short-sighted (not recommended for beginners, because they need special housing conditions during spawning) and viviparous can reproduce in aquariums in which the situation is far from ideal; they are unpretentious to the composition of the water.
The size of the fish can be divided into large ones (for example, cichlids, a Moorish idol, a surgeon fish; they live relatively long, but they are difficult to maintain, therefore they are not very suitable for beginners; they are aggressive in defending their nests) and small ones (more optimal for a beginner, they are cheaper, unpretentious and more friendly).
How to care for aquarium fish
Proper care of the fish implies their regular varied feeding.
It is better to feed the fish twice a day, and at the same time.
There are types of fish, which over time can take food directly from the hands, only hands should be clean and without foreign odors.
Fish can see a person or hear a knock on the wall of the aquarium and swim out of the shelter for food.
They can even get used to the feeding regimen so much so that they will be preparing for the meal at the same time.
Overfeeding fish can not be, because it leads to health problems. It is necessary to feed in small portions, eaten in 3-5 minutes.
Diet should be varied. Herbivorous fish constantly need vegetable food with fiber, predatory and omnivorous. meat food, rich in proteins.
It is better to combine different types of feed:
It is advisable to freeze live food in order to avoid infection in the water.
This applies to bloodworms, daphnia, the pipe worker, the coreter and some other feeds.
Some fish like fodder "cocktails" that can be made in the kitchen.
It is done this way: frozen vegetables and seafood are ground in a meat grinder, they are made into circles, which are placed in the freezer.
Overeating reduces fish life and leads to bloating.
Once a week it is necessary to arrange a fasting day for pets, during which not to feed them at all.
You can feed the fish at 12 o’clock in the afternoon, and then at 18 in the evening. It is undesirable to feed them at night.
If the fish do not eat everything at once, it is better to reduce the portions or feed them only once a day.
How to change the water in the aquarium
It is necessary to regularly change the aquarium water for clean and fresh.
It is easy to get it. just collect the required amount of water in a glass container, insist 4 days, bring to the required parameters (checked by indicators). Then pour into the tank.
In an aquarium with a volume of 200 liters, it is necessary to replace 20% of the water, and in a 100-liter tank, 30%. Replacement must be performed once a week.
It should be constantly siphon the bottom of the aquarium funnel, eliminating the remnants of not eaten food. Do not turn on the compressor with aeration, heating and filter without real need.
It is important to observe the fish daily. appearance and behavior. If any changes need to prepare a quarantine tank. This probably means that the fish is sick, and needs special care.
It is also necessary to clean the surface of the aquarium from algae fouling with a special scraper.
What are aquariums?
Aquariums for fish are represented by a huge variety of shapes and volumes, many of them require special installation and maintenance. Beautifully designed and successfully integrated into the interior of the aquarium will complement your design, as well as emphasize the individual style and taste of the host.
Design a corner aquarium
At room arrangement almost always there is an empty corner into which the aquarium will perfectly fit.
The corners of the room are usually darkened. It must be remembered that exposure to direct sunlight adversely affects the vegetation and the inhabitants of the aquarium, so it is desirable to exclude this phenomenon, choosing the right place to install an artificial reservoir.
Choosing a corner aquarium
Angular aquariums come with a panoramic (convex) and straight (trapezoidal front view) glass. Panoramic glass distorts the actual size of the fish, and also flashes in the daytime at any viewing angle. Therefore, it is best to install aquariums with panoramic windows in the darkest part of the room. When choosing a straight glass, you need to take into account the width of the edges. the narrower they are, the more general the view for the review.
In the corner aquarium, the weakest point is the furthest seam, which is outside the field of view. If the leak is on it, it will show up at the very last moment. Accordingly, the aquarium and its seams should be of high quality, excluding any flow.
Accommodation and arrangement
The side walls of the aquarium are decorated with a background with different images or from the inside with decorative walls to the taste of the aquarist. All equipment (heater, aerator, filter, etc.) is hidden in the far corner, only the thermometer is installed in a convenient place for the review.
The visually distant lower angle seems lower and deeper than the bottom, therefore the ground (actually, like in other types of aquarium) is laid down with a hill with an increase in its thickness from the viewing glass to the rear wall.
Plants are planted in the same way: first small, and to the far walls of the largest. They will create a forest that will help to hide all the equipment that will bring the reservoir closer to the most natural look.
Inhabitants are selected by an aquarist according to their preferences.
Aquarium built into the wall
Installing an aquarium in the wall allows you to fully reveal its beauty and make originality in the design of the room.
Types, types and precautions for installation
Wall mounted aquariums have an overview of one, two or three sides. If the installation of an aquarium is initially planned in the wall, then it is necessary to take into account the laying of supply wires for aquarium equipment, supply and discharge of water, as well as the placement of an external filter. It is recommended to invite specialists in the arrangement of the reservoir so that they can make their corrections at the design stage of the wall. But you can already build an aquarium in the finished wall, taking into account its design. When self-installing it is worth considering that:
- increasing the height of the aquarium increases the load on its bottom, so the installation surface must be made of materials that do not shrink, leading to an ideal, horizontal plane (unevenness will cause chips, and shrinkage will result in distortions, as a result of a sharp decrease in operating time)
- installation of an aquarium without lining under the bottom is strictly prohibited, because due to the heavy load, any grain of sand can cause glass cracking;
- strength and reliability of the structure for installation in plasterboard walls provide special welded structures made of metal;
- at the top of the aquarium, allocate space for equipment and its maintenance (at least 50 cm), which leads to an increase in the opening in the wall. The greater the height, the greater must be the technological gap.
Selection of fish for a good review
When choosing inhabitants it is necessary to take into account their lifestyle and behavior. So, if you have a through freshwater aquarium, then it is better to choose fish that do not dig in the ground, because it will seem that the water in the aquarium is always muddy.
When choosing marine fish water will always be clean and clear. Today’s equipment makes their maintenance not very troublesome, and living corals and reefs will surely rivet the eyes of guests and highlight the beauty of water landscapes.
Decorative aquarium with fish
The main purpose of decorative aquariums is to belong to the interior, that is, it is not an ordinary jar of fish, but becomes the object of increased attention. If a typical aquarium is characterized by an approach to keeping conditions to the most comfortable existence of its inhabitants and, as a result, to reproduction, then decorative aquariums simply delight the view of those who are in the room.
Varieties of decorative aquariums
Decorative aquariums can be both small (from 1 l) and large (from 500 to 2000 l). Small ones have the form of glasses, paintings, lamps, sneakers, televisions, etc. Large or huge aquariums can be designed as living tables, portholes (if the room is decorated in the style of a ship), dog booths, etc. Moreover, huge decorative aquariums can be a bedroom, a room or a corridor. Additional originality brings them the decor inside: snags, glass rock, the design of the rear wall in the form of a waterfall and other uniqueness.
In general, a decorative aquarium is, above all, an unlimited flight of fancy. Designers are invited to design such an element of the interior. Decorative aquarium is performed in a certain style: sunken Atlantis, flat, reduced in size, the base on the surface of the moon, forest glade, etc.
Recommendations on the content of fish
When selecting fish, they are guided by color, various combinations of their shapes and sizes, not paying attention to kinship, origin and compatibility with various plant species. General recommendations for the settlement of fish:
- schooling fish is best kept in a group;
- you need to pick up fish of the same size;
- the number of species is desirable to do less, and individuals. more;
- one large fish often looks less impressive than a school of small ones;
- at the content of several types the color of each of them is selected with the maximum contrast.
When arranging a decorative aquarium, a black or dark background is used, which illusively increases the depth. Soil pick up dark colors, sometimes use bright shells and stones that stand out on it (at the same time to put freshwater elements in the marine aquarium and vice versa is undesirable).
When caring for a decorative aquarium as well as for ordinary, the necessary equipment is used. lighting, filter, aerator, thermostat, etc. Only it is very carefully hidden, so that the aquarium looks as close as possible to a living corner, pond or something other, according to the intended style.
This type of aquarium is interesting to more experienced aquarists. Its presence implies the study of a particular species or several species of one kind of fish at all stages and stages of development of their life activity.
Design and creation of conditions for fish
The maintenance of a species aquarium in the arrangement requires:
- selection of soil and plants according to the conditions of the natural habitat;
- compliance with water parameters (density, acidity, etc.);
- having good filtration and aeration.
When arranging it is necessary to take into account the nature of the inhabitants, the conditions of detention (the number of plants, snags, shelters or free space for swimming), the brightness of the light. Feeding also needs to be organized according to the preferences of the living fish species.
Vital and observation species
The behavior of fish in a species aquarium is very different from their behavior in general. Due to the absence of stronger rivals, they need to be less wary of their safety, while they occupy the entire habitat. Relationships find out only between individuals of their own species.
Over time, the fish can be distinguished individually according to physical data (there are specks, there fin is different, etc.), as well as by their nature. Many of the owners of the aquarium in the presence of their children give the names of the fish, while children always correctly called the name of the fish and perfectly distinguish it from other members of the same species in the aquarium.
The more an aquarist does with his fish, the better he understands them. Some species play with their fingers through the glass, others rub their backs against the fingers, recognize the owner, know the time of the feed perfectly. These and many other observations will allow you to make only a specific aquarium.
If you really want to have pets, and not just decor, then this type of aquarium is perfect for this purpose.
Round aquarium for fish
Round-shaped aquariums have been popular for over 50 years, while they look beautiful and fit into almost any interior. from a child’s room to a business office.
Difficulties in choosing for an aquarist
In the content it is rather complicated, but modern technologies allow the fish to create quite comfortable conditions. The main problems are:
- small size of aquariums (from 1 to 50 l);
- equipment placement (filter, aerator, heater);
- wrong selection of inhabitants (many species of fish require much more).
Small volumes of aquariums have a fragile biosystem that needs to be stably maintained in order to ensure optimal conditions for the living fish. Due to the small size of the tank, the water quickly changes its parameters (due to the vital activity of the inhabitants). The balance can be successfully maintained with the help of aquarium equipment.
Basic principles when choosing equipment
Aquarium equipment must be selected special, for round aquariums, while it should not be cumbersome, occupying all the space in the field. In aquariums up to 15 liters, it is better to keep a shrimp or a frog.
The lighting installed in the lid (the lid allows you to avoid jumping out of fish) is available throughout the area. The main thing is that it is not very bright, bringing discomfort to the inhabitants of the aquarium. They try to hide aeration near the filter or behind the plants (depending on the location of the reservoir in the room).
The choice of fish. the most significant for a round aquarium
When selecting fish for a round aquarium, it is very important to know the required volume for a particular type of adult and the minimum number of fish in the flock (group for maintenance). The most common misconception about a round aquarium, which has become the dream of many novice aquarists, is the content of goldfish or angelfish in it.
Aquarium for gold should be at least 70 liters, and for scalars at least 100 liters, while the water column or height of the aquarium needs more than 45 cm. Of course, a goldfish can be held in 10 liters, the only question is how long you will be tormented in torment until death. If you want to contain a goldfish, then get an aquarium from 100 liters. And do not worry that this is a large capacity. If you like the fish, you will soon have to acquire a much larger aquarium.
Some lovers say that they have golden fish that live up to three years. But they probably do not know that the average duration of these beauties is up to 15 years, and long-livers please their owners for about 20 years. At the same time, for a year, with sufficient litrage, a goldfish grows up to 12 cm, and for a small one, it does not exceed 4 cm.
It should be noted that the leading manufacturers of aquariums and equipment offer a range of complete round aquariums, which already have a backlight, a filter and a thermostat. It is simple to maintain them, moreover, they selected the optimal parameters of fish life support devices.
During the space weapons race, a series of studies of systems that did not require recharge from outside was carried out. As a result, more than 20 years ago, aquariums with a closed ecological system appeared that did not require special equipment and care.
Description of marine akvamira
To date, manufacturing companies offer closed aquariums in the shape of a ball, pyramids, amphoras, ellipsoidal. The main inhabitants of them are shrimp (from one to three) and filamentous algae. The system is selected so that algae, through photosynthesis, produce oxygen, and shrimp ate algae and produce carbon dioxide and various trace elements necessary for the growth of greenery.
When creating a closed ecosystem apply sea water. Watching shrimp is very entertaining. They pinch algae and eat, sometimes move the sand grains. The color of the shrimp is red, but if they are frightened, they become transparent, and after a while they again take on their permanent color.
The maximum lifespan of an aquamira is 12 years, although the average is 5 years. In a closed aquarium shrimp do not multiply, although such cases have occurred.
Terms of content
Closed akvamir quite suitable room temperature and light. This version of the aquarium can be found in children’s rooms and offices. Algae should be green, and if they darken and become a color closer to brown, you need to add light. You also need to avoid direct sunlight on the aquarium, so as not to cook the shrimp. Sometimes aquariums overgrow with small cell algae. To remove them, use scrapers on magnets.