So what kind of fish can you recommend to beginner aquarists? Of course, the most unpretentious. Today, there are a lot of such undemanding in terms of care for the inhabitants of aquariums. Therefore, you can choose any kinds of fish, different sizes with any color.
The best types of fish for beginners aquarists
For example, you can choose a zebrafish as the very first inhabitant of a new aquarium. These mobile and peace-loving small fishes come in both medium and small sizes, they prefer to live in packs. It is desirable that the top of the aquarium covered with glass, because for these fish is characterized by a kind of jumping ability. It is also necessary to ensure that the danio’s “house” is spacious and well lit. You should also take care of aeration, because zebrafish need clear, oxygen-rich water. These fish are not exacting to food, and therefore they can eat with equal pleasure, both live and dry food. Undemanding data inhabitants and the chemical components of water. Most importantly. the water should be fresh. In 2003, a genetically modified zebrafish fluorescent breed appeared on the world market. It was obtained by implanting in the DNA of the zebrafish embryo a fragment of the jellyfish DNA with the ability of biofluorescence.
Incredibly beautiful in the aquarium look barbs. Small fishes of this variety do not cease to amaze with their variety and magnificence. Barbs are characterized by high activity, while they are quite peaceful. They are undesirable to sit down to other inhabitants, with threadlike fins, for example, to the angelfish, as they can pinch their fins. The same applies to sluggish fish with so-called "voile" fins. The best neighbors for barbs are speckled catfish. And although the latter are not particularly beautiful, they can live in any, even in not quite clean water. They are friendly and can easily get along with other fish.
Swordtails are also good neighbors for aquarium dwellers, because they are endowed with qualities such as calm and peacefulness. One of their virtues is omnivorous. They can even live in small aquariums, although they need some room for maneuver. Live plants should be present in their “home”, and it is desirable that some of them float on the surface.
The most unpretentious view
The main mistake that novice guppy lovers make is to keep several breeds in one aquarium at once, which is why the offspring results in a low-value mix. The palm in the nomination "the most unpretentious aquarium fish" certainly keep guppies. They are considered to be the most common aquarium fish, which attracts with its undemanding, as amateurs and novice aquarists. It is also noteworthy that the very first of all aquarium pets guppies visited space. Experts have noticed that such fish in artificial conditions grow better than in natural waters. It is enough to have only a couple, and soon their number will increase many times, as these fish are viviparous. If there is no need for a large offspring, then a pregnant female is better not to be separated from the common aquarium. Fry will be the perfect food for other fish. For males, guppies are characterized by a large variety of different colors, although the females themselves are seemingly inconspicuous. But at the same time they are quite unpretentious and feel great in any water, the temperature drop is not terrible for them.
- Aquarium encyclopedia
Guppies are viviparous freshwater fish. Their size varies from 1.5 to 7 cm, females are larger than males. Males have a brighter color, but females have luxurious tails. Most often they keep in the middle layer of water, not hiding under the rocks or among the plants. Fishes are constantly moving, as if “dancing” in the water, it is very interesting to watch them.
Guppy requires water with an average salt content, and the most suitable temperature is 24 degrees. If the water temperature briefly drops to 15 degrees or rises to 30, the fish can withstand it, but it is better not to allow such fluctuations. The aquarium needs a spacious, at least 10 liters for one pair of adult fish. Guppies are prone to obesity, they are better off underfeeding than overfeeding.
For adults, guppies are suitable for any dry food. They also need live food: filamentous algae, cyclops, daphnias, and a tubule. Adults need to be fed once a day, newborns. 3 times, and from sexing to 4-6 months. twice. Leftovers should be removed from the aquarium.
Pregnant female guppies are easily distinguished by an enlarged abdomen and a black speck near the anus. If the belly is square, it means spawning is near. The female must be deposited in a separate three-liter jar, on the bottom of which an elodiea is laid, pressed down by a stone. Females can devour their offspring, so that this does not happen, you need to build thickets of Thai fern and Javanese moss, where the fry can hide. Up to two weeks of age, all fry food must be ground to dust.
The complexity of the content of telescopes. This artificially bred breed of goldfish got its name due to large bulging eyes. Fish color varies from orange to black.
The volume of the aquarium for telescopes is determined at the rate of 7-10 liters per individual. As the soil suitable coarse sand or river pebbles. Sharp stones should not be so that the fish do not hurt the eyes. Telescopes love to rummage in the ground, so the root system of plants must be powerful.
Telescopes do not tolerate turbid water; they can even die from the blooming of green algae, so filtration and aeration should be permanent. Keep guppies and telescopes in the same aquarium is not recommended, because these fish require different conditions.
Water hardness is not particularly important for these fish, and its temperature should be 26-27 degrees. Water needs to be changed partially. 25% of the volume. every 5-6 days.
Telescopes are almost omnivorous, but are prone to overeating, you can not overfeed them. For example, for six fish, 3 teaspoons of bloodworms are enough. They need to be fed once a day in the warm season, and in the winter. twice. Once a week it is necessary to arrange the fish “fasting day”, without giving any feed at all.
Telescopes multiply in March and April. In the breeding ground, the volume of which must be at least 50 liters, one female and 2-3 males are planted. For 2 weeks before spawning, males and females are kept separately and heavily fed, and on the last day they are not fed at all.