Inexperienced aquarists are constantly tormented by doubts: how to feed the fish, the better, when and how much, but is there enough food?
In fact, the issue of feeding aquarium fish is very important, but at the same time, absolutely simple. It is only necessary to carefully study the main recommendations and systematically stick to them.
How often should I feed?
So how many times a day should feed the fish so that they are healthy and long lived in an aquarium? The standard feeding scheme says: food should be as much as the fish are able to eat in 3-5 minutes. The normal portion of food for an adult individual is 2–5% of the total weight of its body. With regard to the frequency of feeding, then experienced aquarists believe: enough 1. 2 feedings per day.
Once a week it is recommended to make fish a fasting day: Do not feed them during the day so that their stomachs can be cleared of undigested food residues. But such a shake-up should not coincide with any other stressful event: cleaning the aquarium, changing the water, etc.
How does the number of times depend on age?
The amount of food depends on the age of the inhabitants of the aquarium: if one adult or two feedings per day is enough for adult sexually mature individuals, the fry (immature fish) are much more.
Since the “young” needs a large amount of energy to grow, the amount of food required should be about 15% of the total body weight of the fry. In other words, fry up to one month old are usually fed 1 time in 3. 5 hours, age 1. 2 months. 4. 5 times a day. Fasting days are contraindicated.
Does the frequency depend on the type of feed?
Fish food must contain proteins necessary for the normal course of all life processes, fats and carbohydrates, which are a source of energy, minerals for the skeletal system and vitamins for the normal functioning of the body. This set of useful elements and substances can only provide a balanced and varied diet.
There are several types of food: dry, frozen, live, vegetable. Experienced aquarists strongly recommend combining and alternating them in order for the fish to be healthy, fresh and active. The frequency of feeding remains the same: 1 to 2 times a day, regardless of the type of feed. But anyway feeding should be served in portions, that is, as you eat the previous portion of feed.
Why do you need to make a schedule?
Before you fill the food in the aquarium, you should give the fish a conditioned signal, for example, lightly tapping the tank wall. After a while, the fish, having heard the signal, will gather at the feeding place even before the food is delivered, and their stomach will begin to produce the necessary enzymes necessary for proper digestion of the food.
Feeding should be done in the morning., 15 minutes after turning on the backlight, or (and) in the evening 3. 4 hours before bedtime. For fishes that are nocturnal, feed is filled up, as a rule, once a day by the light of a blue lamp, when all day fishes have already gone to sleep.
As mentioned above, the fish food should be balanced and varied. Therefore, an approximate feeding scheme may look like this:
- Monday. dry food, 1 time per day.
- Tuesday. dry food of another type, 1 time per day.
- Wednesday. live food, 1 time per day.
- Thursday. dry food once.
- Friday. dry food of a different kind, 2 times a day.
- Saturday. live and vegetable food.
- Sunday is a fasting day.
Each aquarist should approach the preparation of a feeding schedule based on the common sense and individual characteristics of his pets. The proposed scheme is only a recommendation.
What happens if underfeed?
It is believed that a healthy adult fish can do without food for up to several weeks. However, you should not experiment, it threatens to unpleasant consequences. From rare and poor feeding fish lose weight, their abdomens become sunken, their backs dry out. Everything can end with the fact that larger individuals will begin to attack smaller ones and simply eat them.
An exception to systematic feeding may be only a spawning period. The feeding pattern of fish at this time should look like this: two weeks before spawning, they should be well fed, especially with food of living origin, but during spawning the amount of food can be reduced. Experienced aquarists for several days do not give them food at all.
What will happen if you overfeed?
Under natural conditions, the fish, in order to fill the stomach, you should make a lot of effort. In an artificial reservoir, including an aquarium, abundant food comes in systematically, the fish do not have to waste time and effort on its search.
As a result fish, by nature rather voracious creature, tries to eat all the food, and, as a result, begins to suffer from obesity, this disease immediately entails and another. infertility. The final can be even more deplorable: the fish can die from the fact that their stomachs can not digest a large amount of food eaten.
In addition, when overfeeding, food remains fall to the bottom of the aquarium, into the ground, and, decomposing, spoil the water: it becomes turbid due to the rapid reproduction of microorganisms and turns into an ideal environment for various infections. Also, during the process of decomposition of microorganisms in water, oxygen is absorbed, and ammonia and nitrates are released, which can poison fish and plants.
Watch the video that tells about the proper nutrition of aquarium fish:
Feeding fish is a vital issue the quantity and quality of food depends on the health and life of the inhabitants aquarium. And this question should be approached responsibly, so as not to harm all living things in your “reservoir”.