There are fish, interesting both externally and their behavior. These include catfish sticks, which are also called catfish antsitrusy. Such funny creatures have a round muzzle sucker. With its help, they clean the algae from the walls of the aquarium, which serve as food for fish.
Somiki sticks are aquarium fish that cannot be confused with any other individuals. In addition to the mouth-sucker, they have other characteristics:
- large head;
- anteriorly slightly squished teardrop-shaped body;
- bone wide plates instead of regular scales;
- dorsal large fin in the form of a sail, which is constantly pressed against the calf;
- on the ends of fins sharp thorns.
Such fish in color vary mainly from light gray to black individuals. Sometimes there are yellow catfish sticky. You can also see albinos with yellowish mild inclusions.
Somiki sticky: species
Experts identify several types of catfish, each of which has its own characteristics. Consider them in the article below.
This kind of sticking was bred in Germany in artificial conditions. They have a color close to red or orange. Due to the artificial appearance of this type, they have a very high price. Experts consider them to be another kind of common catfish, because the internal structure of this fish is not different from most relatives.
Somiki sticks very often turn pale, thus becoming an albino. They are isolated in a separate form. Periodically, these fish become golden color, thus taking a truly fascinating and magical appearance. They have gained popularity with true connoisseurs, being considered an exotic and wonderful addition to an aquarium.
This representative catfish home is the Amazon. He has a dark brown or black color. White large specks gradually turn brown, and the white border of the fins on the back forms pale small dots with a frame of dark shades. Females are larger and lighter than males. In males on the face at the age of 10 months, leathery growths begin to occur.
These catfish were found in Brazil, as evidenced by the name obtained in honor of r. Claro The length of the little body of the fish is about 8 cm. Such a sticky from other species differs in color. it varies from gray to black. At the same time the dark shade dilutes a white large speck. He, unlike lazy relatives, is active throughout the day.
Before you start a fish, you need to know what to feed the catfish-sticky. It will suit the green tender algae, which very often cover the glass of aquariums. You can also feed: boiled leaves of cabbage, nettle, lettuce. Somik is best to feed in the evening when the lights are turned off, and the rest of the fish fall asleep. At the same time, the ancistrus retains its activity for quite some time, crawling along the bottom of the aquarium and finding tubers or moths abandoned by them. In addition, you can use the pellets, which very quickly reach the bottom, which means they go specifically to these fish.
They can adapt with ease to living in any water. The size of the catfish is directly dependent on the volume of the aquarium. So, the bigger it is, the more the fish will become with age. But, basically, they select aquariums, the volume of which is 100 liters and more.
Somiki are usually not active during the day, and “come to life” either at night or when the pressure in the atmosphere changes. Therefore, they need to have a rich filling in the aquarium. caverns, shelters, various plants, pebbles. Somiki sticks in an aquarium usually occupy immediately the best cave in which they hide and rest during the day.
Fish diseases are associated with chemical poisoning or feed of animal origin, as well as gas in the stomach. Although in general they are quite unpretentious and get sick very rarely.
Antsistrusy to the first year of life become sexually mature. In order to put off caviar, it is advisable for small fish to have shelter in the form of pipes, towers of decorative castles, coconut halves, a ceramic flower pot, etc.
If there are no shelters, eggs may be laid at any point in the aquarium. It is advisable to take somics not closely related. For example, you can swap with someone females or males. A mature couple spawns in good conditions once every three weeks. At the same time, spawning is perfectly stimulated by the addition of softened water. At temperatures above 30 ° C, spawning usually stops.
In an aquarium, it is important to have a spawning space. a tube, preferably a ceramic one, 1.5-2 times the size of the male, and the width should be equal to the width of the male with the pectoral fin. The socket at one end is closed. It should not be cross-cutting. You can post several suitable options, in this case, the male will independently choose what he likes more. If the nest is too big, in this case, not all the eggs can be fertilized, and the fry will be much smaller.
The female is able to lay eggs regularly at intervals of one and a half to two months. If you do not plant caviar with daddy catfish in another aquarium, then the probability of eating the calf by the female and the rest of the fish is almost 100%. An air dispenser must be installed near the calf without a male.
During the courtship of the roe, the male Antsistrus, fanning it with its fins, ceases to eat.
Experienced razvodchiki actively use fish-stuck as indispensable assistants in cleaning the aquarium. The unique structure of the mouth makes it possible for ancistrus to stick tightly to various even surfaces. They, crawling on them, carefully scrape off various food debris, as well as the greens of unicellular algae. In the same way stuck cleans the soil. Due to the similar activities of these fish, water spoils the usual much later, while the allowable interval between cleaning the aquarium increases (up to 2-3 weeks).