Aquarium. a stylish addition to the interior, which allows you to create a unique, lively atmosphere in the room. This effect creates only well-groomed and filled with bright inhabitants of the capacity. How to achieve this will help instructions how to care for the fish in the aquarium. Opinions of psychologists agree that the observation of the life of fish allows you to take a break from everyday worries and relax. Smooth movements of the inhabitants of the water world look graceful and fascinating. Therefore, the aquarium performs not only an aesthetic, but also a healing function.
Content of aquarium fish
Argued that the maintenance of fish does not require time and financial costs. Experienced aquarists will talk in detail about the complexity of this lesson, which requires care and unhurriedness. You control a small underwater world that cannot exist without competent support. For beginners, help how to care for the fish in the aquarium (point by point).
Excessive care for such pets is not required. To understand the process will help the instruction. How to care for fish in an aquarium, even children can remember.
The first serious oversight that is allowed at this stage is the purchase of a small aquarium, considering that the capacity of 20-30 liters will meet the needs of the beginner amateur fish. In reality, the opposite is true. Maintaining artificial biocenosis in balance is much easier in a large aquarium, at least 50-70 liters. In it several species of inhabitants can coexist and develop normally.
The next question, which will consider a brief instruction on how to care for the fish in an aquarium, is what is inside the tank. They create a cozy atmosphere for small inhabitants, starting from the ground. Small pebbles will do the job best. When selecting, take into account its caliber and color, focusing on the species of fish that are planned to contain. Inhabitants of bright shades look better on a background of gray stones.
Plants are rooted in the soil, they take nutrients from it. Flora serves as a refuge for individual fish, who love to hide from active neighbors. Artificial greens have an attractive appearance and do not require care, but give preference to natural plants.
How to choose a fish?
How to choose the inhabitants? How to care for fish in an aquarium? The manual will give answers to these questions. Decide in advance on the species composition of the ichthyofauna to simplify the process of leaving and to prevent conflicts. Focus on the size of the fish: large and small individuals can not live together.
For many decades, viviparous fish have been very popular with aquarists. They do not lay eggs, but immediately give birth to viable fry, which can independently move and feed. Characterized by these types of ease of care, they do not need to create special conditions for reproduction. However, the fish have a large range of colors and shapes.
Types of fish
If you do not know what types to choose and how to care for the fish in the aquarium, the instruction will help to resolve these issues. The most common are the following representatives of the ichthyofauna: patzili, guppies, mollies and swordtails. The conditions of maintenance and care required for them are the same, which allows you to settle them in the same aquarium. Among the fish laying eggs, speckled catfish are the most popular.
Betta Fish and goldfish are classic aquarists. Beginners are more difficult to handle because they need to pay more attention. A round aquarium is not the best choice for them. These inhabitants will be more comfortable in a rectangular container. Instructions on how to care for the fish in an aquarium recommends that when creating the second tank, take some of the water from the first one. This method will help to reduce the time for settling.
Instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium, the points suggests:
- Regular reading of the water thermometer. If there are deviations from the recommended parameters for this type of fish, the heating is turned on.
- Viviparous ichthyofauna suitable temperature from 18 to 28 ºC. But each individual species has its own preferences. Reproduction will occur only in this narrow temperature range.
- Control of purity and hardness of water. Every 7 days, one third of the medium is removed, replacing it with a new one.
- Check the filter element and compressor, without which the normal existence of the inhabitants is impossible.
- The aquarium should be lit from 10 to 12 hours a day.
- Feed the inhabitants need 1-2 times a day. In the presence of fry, the number of meals is increased to 4. A portion of food is placed in the feeder, which is usually eaten in 5-10 minutes. Residues must be removed (to prevent rotting).
The given instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium will help beginners to orient themselves in the basic requirements for their maintenance and feeding. More detailed information should be studied for each specific type that you have.