You are the happy owner aquarium ? Feed the fish regularly, but the question is, do you feed them correctly ? Proper feeding is given little attention, much less than it deserves. This article describes the main rules that must be followed when feeding. aquarium fish.
1. Amount of feed.
The first and most important rule is it is better not to feed the fish than to feed them. It has been found that for adult fish, to provide all needs per day, it is enough to eat two to three percent of its weight. Having eaten “a little extra” you can “lose weight” with the help of physical exercises. However, their mobility is limited in the aquarium, they do not have to waste energy on the prey and search for food, salvation from predators. It turns out that overfeeding leads to obesity, disruption of the internal organs and metabolism. Constantly transmitting fish will not be able to breed, will be more susceptible to disease. The remnants of food not eaten begin to rot, spoil the water and become the cause of disease and death of fish.
How to avoid it? It is necessary to feed the fish in small portions once or twice a day so that the feed will be eaten by the fish in 5 minutes (adult goldfish can be fed every other day). It is recommended to agree in advance who will feed the fish in your office or home, otherwise the fish will eat dozens of times a day, and nothing else on the other day. It is good to arrange a fasting day once a week and not to feed the fish at all (if the aquarium is located in the office, then arrange a fasting weekend).
Fish do not need to constantly spend energy on heating the body, which is why they can easily withstand the hunger strike. Aquarium fish often die from overfeeding than from its lack. Many of them are able to safely endure even a 2-week fast.
2. A variety of feed.
The second and no less important rule: Food should be varied! After all, you will not eat only cucumbers or, for example, carrots? In nature, the menu of many popular aquarium dwellers includes various invertebrates (crustaceans, worms, insect larvae), caviar and young fish of other fish, plants. Therefore, you should not rely on the fact that your fish will be healthy and bright if you feed them only dried daphnia. Naturally, there are specialists among the fish, for example, many catfish (pterigoplichts, antsistrusy, etc.) consider the soft top layer of wood on snags to be the best delicacy; However, such fish also need and can alternate different types of food (for example, catfish, with the exception of coals, eat well any vegetable food, do not give up moth). To be sure that your fish get all the vitamins and nutrients they need, you can use special vitamin supplements for fish (for example, Tetra’s Liqui-fit, Biovit from Aqua Medic, Stress Protect and AquaVital from Aquarium Munster) they are mainly added to water and feed.
3. Preferences fish.
The third rule: Tastes do not argue or everyone has his own! You need to know in advance what and how to feed the fish you like: vegetarians or predators, whether they pick up food from the bottom, catch in the water column or grab from the surface. it can help you when you choose food. In addition, it is very important that the feed size corresponds to the size of the mouth of the fish. Small fishes are unlikely to be happy even with tasty delicacies if they cannot swallow it or examine it.
4. Clean aquarium.
Any excess feed left after feeding should be removed immediately; this issue is especially important if the density of fish landing in the aquarium is high and when using feed that strongly pollutes the water. In many cases it is reasonable to underfed a little fish, in such cases they will eat the food completely, which will save you from having to clean up after feeding.
5. The frequency of feeding.
It is best to feed the fish at the same time and the same number of approaches that can be set independently. It is necessary to take into account the fact that you need to give food one or two hours after the transition of fish to the active phase from the sleep phase (for twilight and night fish, these phases differ from the standard ones) and complete two to three hours before sleep, this allows the fish to assimilate optimally feed.
6. Preventive starvation of fish in the aquarium.
In humans, starvation leads to the fact that the body burns fats and accumulated slags. In aquarium fish, fasting has the same function. Such starvation should be arranged once a week (“hungry day”). Food on this day is not given to fish in general. You should not worry that the fish will die of hunger or start hunting for each other, the fish will get used to the “hungry days” over time and will endure them more easily.
7. Most important and last.
You should not feed the fish, just for the reason that "they look at me so plaintively," near the trough, the torsion of the fish is nothing more than a reflex. They do not immediately remember the location of the trough, but at this time they, for sure, do not “look hungry.”
Exceptions to the rule.
Special cases include:
- Feeding young fish or fry, feeding convalescent or sick fish, feeding fish preparing for spawning. Feed the fry five or six times a day, but in small portions. During active growth, fry should eat up to 100 percent of their weight daily, at one time they will not be able to cope. And of course, young people do not like fasting days.
- Often, sick fish are not fed, because usually the fish lose their appetite during illness, and during recovery, you must carefully consider the choice of food, also do not forget about vitamins!
- Fish that are being prepared for spawning are quite often fed with live food in a diverse and abundant way (information on preparing for spawning can be found in the special literature).
We wish you success in the correct feeding of your fish!