The maintenance of aquarium fish is an interesting and very exciting experience. Watching them soothes, helps to collect thoughts and restores mental strength. Having acquired an aquarium, there are questions: with what fish should I start? What do they look like and what are their features?
Photos and names of aquarium fish. beginners
Fish for beginners should be unpretentious and easy to maintain. So that the care of the aquarium and its inhabitants does not require experience, knowledge and qualifications. The following families of fish will do:
Let us dwell on the description of only some species and specimens.
They got their name for breathing ordinary air, the oxygen from which is absorbed in a special maze of fish. For their content no compressor needed, and can be transported in your pocket, wrapped in a wet cloth. Frequently encountered are:
- Betta fish,
- betta picta
Fish 4-5 cm (occasionally up to 10 cm), is especially beautiful when it fully opens its fins. Color varied, brighter when excited or during spawning. Females are more modest in color and size of fins. By right called "fighting". Very aggressive about his own mirror image, rivals, other types of fish, can fray fins. When a female appears or just change the water, it reacts violently. An unpretentious fish, with a temperature of up to 28 degrees, but feeling calm even at 18 degrees, is ready to manage with an aquarium volume of 5 liters for each specimen.
This fish breaks the main stereotype. it can talk. More precisely, make sounds that resemble chirping or croaking. The noise of the group really reminds grumbling. The silhouette of these 7.5 cm long fish is remotely similar to a shark. The color varies from brilliant blue to greenish and sometimes golden brown. An indispensable attribute is 2 or more tracks of dark specks along the body. Dots dotted and fins, having a wide and rounded shape, with arrow-like endings in males. Abdominal. filiform.
This aquarium fish has a very calm, livable, gregarious and slightly fearful nature of behavior. It feeds on any food, but prefers floating on the surface or near. Requires 24-28 degrees. the temperature of the content, in 15 liters of water for a couple, with an abundance of vegetation in the aquarium.
The name "viviparous", indicates that these fish are different from the majority of the method of reproduction and the appearance of offspring into the world. As a result of mating, the fertilization of eggs occurs in the female’s abdomen, from where they appear fry. And having received a seed once, the female able to reproduce offspring up to 8 times. In aquariums, such species are often common:
Perhaps the most unpretentious of unpretentious fish. Males can boast a huge variety of colors, patterns, play and gorgeous, valeobraznymi tails. Size 2-4 cm, females who are inconspicuous in appearance, always larger and reach 7 cm. These are sociable aquarium fish that cannot withstand long solitude, are victims of attacks when kept with other, more aggressive types of fish.
Lovers of natural light. Satisfied with the space of 2-3 liters per pair, and even in such conditions, will be able to multiply. The temperature content of 18-30 degrees. They prefer to eat live food, but they do not refuse from vegetable food.
Viviparsing fish, got its name because of the shape of the tail. Its lower process is strongly elongated and pointed, resembling a sword. This is a purely masculine attribute of a sexually mature male. The color of these, reaching 10 cm of fish (excluding the appendix), varies from light olive to light brown, with a black edging of a sword. Females are traditionally larger and can reach 12 cm, but have a paler color. In groups of fish with a limited number of males, cases of the transformation of females into males, with a corresponding regrowth of a sword, are noted.
They are peaceful inhabitants with other small fish of close sizes, but showing aggressiveness towards small ones and owners of magnificent tails. Feel comfortable at a temperature of 22-26 degrees. They eat everything, giving preference to any meat dishes, but they do not refuse vegetable food, they are calm for long breaks in the diet.
Predatory inhabitants of aquariums
It is worth noting that the term "predatory", refers to fish, often showing an aggressive nature and for the most part, eating meat food. A distinctive feature of such aquarium fish is ingenuity and complex social behavior, due to the fact that they are ready to hunt and more jealous of their territory. These include not only the bloodthirsty, but also a fairly large number of fish, manifesting themselves as such, only at certain times or in certain circumstances. Their types:
it unpretentious, strong and mobile aquarium fish, showing the nature, causing the specificity of their content. They have an oblate and vertically extended body, with a large mouth and bulging eyes. There are from monophonic to multicolored, from striped to strewn with dots, with sufficient lighting. the color is brighter. Males develop a frontal wen with age. The dorsal and ventral fins of this fish are deflected to the wide tail and end with elongated processes. Males reach 10 cm, females yield 2-3 cm in size.
Do not tolerate the neighborhood with smaller fish, destroying them. This is due to the need for separate content, or in a large volume of water aquarium. Form permanent pairs, require a separate territory and jealously protect it, especially during spawning and rearing of fry, which they literally walk and drive home daily, for the period of growth.
Cychlasmas are able to recognize the host and eat from their hands, but they can bite the finger painfully if a person encroaches on the nesting area. It is desirable the abundance of grottoes, shelters and strong fortified algae, for the comfortable maintenance of these fish. Being virtually omnivorous, require at least 70% of the diet of meat and protein foods. required temperature in the range of 24-28 degrees.
Long Stedder Cichlid
Sometimes this fish is called knife cichlid, because of the very elongated pointed body. The head, with the bulging lower lip, occupies a little less than half the length, reaching 12 cm in males, and up to 10 cm in females. The color is silver, with blue or greenish tint, there are golden-orange dots at the ends of the dorsal and anal fins. In females, the coloring is closer to olive.
This predator is rather calm, but loves to pounce on shiny objects, and when attacking other fish. on their eyes. The polygamous males they need a harem, if it costs only a couple of females, then they constantly pester them. Activity can be reduced by increasing the aquarium and the number of females, as well as creating a lot of shelters and sharing only fast and larger neighbors.
During spawning, these fish jealously guard the nest. The entire incubation period and until the moment when the fry get stronger and will feed themselves, for several weeks, the female carries them in the mouth. Cichlids require a variety of live or frozen meat feed, some "lovers". give small fish. For the content they need a large aquarium, more than 200 liters per family, with a temperature of 24-28 degrees.
The smallest inhabitants of aquariums
In a large aquarium, they will be invisible, and in a small one it may not be so easy to maintain a microclimate with a regular one, because often small fish are very demanding to conditions. Preferred flocks of 8-12 copies, so that the aquarium life was interesting for both the fish and their owner. These include:
- dwarf tetradon,
- catfish pygmy,
- green gorodandia,
- flare epiplatis,
- Badis Scarlet,
- Guppy Endler,
- danio panther
It is a small, four-toothed predator, up to 2.5-3 cm in length. It has a yellowish color with dark spots of irregular shape on the body, resembling a tadpole. Mature males are brighter and sometimes, with a dark stripe on the abdomen. Bulging eyes move independently of each other.
Like many little fish, they are rather shy, but like all predators, they are smart enough. Carefully interested in what is happening behind the glass and when a person appears, they can beg for food, deliberately expressing themselves. An interesting feature, their reaction to fear. bloating in a ball, the size of 2-3 body size.
They hunt snails, worms, mollusks and juvenile shrimp, hovering over the victim for a long time and choosing the moment. Requires the predominance of shellfish, to erase teeth, live or frozen. To the aquarium neighbors are relatively peaceful, but having large tails will surely nibble. Content temperature 23-27 degrees. In an aquarium from 15 liters of water, part of the space in which has dense greens and shelters.
Pegmey attracts the aquarium fish with its elegant and unobtrusive view. A greyish olive elongated body, with sides extended downwards, a dark back and a stripe running from nose to tail. The corners of the mouth have small antennae. The size of females is up to 3 cm, and in males it is up to 2.5 cm.
The fish is peaceful, curious and livable, with passerine manners of behavior of the bevy that can sit in a row, choosing a snag or a leaf, and then fall to another place behind one of the relatives. More actively and confidently behave when the content of 10 copies, with the number of males at least 2 per female. They love to swarm at the bottom, with a businesslike look, absorbing food. They eat everything that is able to pass into a small mouth. Satisfied with the aquarium from 40l, for a flock of 6-12 fish, with a temperature of 24-26 degrees.
Sometimes, you can hear the name "Strawberry Boraras", as well as close variations. There is no difference, it is the same bright red fish, with a body size of 1.5-2.0 cm and having a dark spot on each side, oval in shape, resembling a trace from a berry. Females are more faded and can reach 2.5 cm in length, and the spot is round, but smaller in size.
it timid, fussy and very mobile fish, preferring to keep a flock, so for a natural and comfortable behavior, it is better to contain from 7-10 copies. It feels good in an aquarium densely planted with aquatic plants, the bottom of which is lined with dry leaves, which resembles the natural conditions of the fish and helps to better observe their life against a dark background. These fish eat all protein and frozen food, but being insectivorous, prefer live and small size.
Even live well in aquariums of 10 liters per flock of 8-10 fish, but feel free and multiply in large quantities. The temperature content of 23-28 degrees.
The underwater world is large and diverse, it is impossible to describe all its magnificence within the framework of one material. We just touched it. They lifted the veil of secrecy only over some inhabitants of the fish kingdom. Everyone can embark on this path of observation and discovery, joining a number of aquarists.