Labo. aquarium fish, which is very popular among fans of observations of the underwater world. It belongs to the carp family. This beautiful medium-sized small fish from Thailand comes from. Her beautiful coloring will decorate any aquarium. The content of these fish has some features that new aquarists should be aware of.
The natural habitats of Labe are rivers, lakes and streams of Southeast Africa and Asia. These fish prefer shallow water with flowing clear water, with a large number of plants. In such reservoirs, they perform the role of attendants. small fish clean the skin of hippos from parasites.
Labo. a fish with a slim, elongated and slightly flattened laterally torso. The profile of the back is curved more significantly than the abdomen. One of the features of this species are large fins, which resemble sharks in their shape.
Horny villi and pair of antennae are clearly visible near the mouth. Labo has lips, resembling a suction scraper, which help to collect from the bottom, from stones, drifts, algae plant and animal fouling.
Active and mobile creation. Labo. The fish, as a rule, occupies a certain territory, which it bravely protects. It should be noted that the labo aggressive is not to everyone, but only to fish with a bright color and their relatives. It is for this reason that it is important to choose the right aquarium of the required size, to equip it, to zone it, in order to prevent fights of aggressive relatives.
Types of labo
To date, well studied twenty species of these cute fish. In the aquarium, you can contain only some of them:
- a two-colored labo is a fish with a magnificent color: a velvety completely black body and a luxurious red tail;
- green (labo Thai). this fish has a dark-brown, green body and red fins;
- albino. reddish-brown fins stand out against the white body;
- Congolese. leopard, spotted color;
- silver. the whole body of the fish is colored like silverfish;
- harlequin (multicolored). at a young age, the body of this variety is labo colored beige-brown with spots and orange-red patches on the fins, with time the color changes to gray.
Aquarium fish Labe two-color: description
Sometimes they are called labo bicolor. These are inhabitants of small rivers, streams and lakes of Thailand. In Europe, this species appeared in 1952, and was introduced to Russia in 1959. The two-colored labo has a slender, slightly elongated body with a curved back and flattened sides. Her head is small, and her eyes are red and disproportionately large.
The mouth is surrounded by two pairs of whiskers and horny hairs. It is located at the bottom and looks like a scraper-sucker. The fish is famous for its spectacular color. it seems that its body is covered with black velvet. The dorsal fin is black, high and sharp. The pectoral fins, as well as the anal and ventral, are well developed, but not colored. they are transparent.
The main decoration of these fish are red tails. These fins are rather long, bifurcated at the end, of fiery red color. Females of two-colored labo are much larger than males, but slightly paler in color. Under natural conditions, they grow up to thirty centimeters in length, and aquarium labo rarely exceed fifteen.
The shape of the body, this fish is almost no different from its two-color relative. Despite the name, the color of these fish is dark olive, with a bronze sheen, and the belly is silver-bronze. Along the stigma, through the eye, a dark stripe stretched to the posterior tip of the gill cover. Almost at the very base of the tail is a black speck. These fish also have red tails, and all of their fins are colored scarlet.
Green Labo. a fish, in which sex differences are clearly visible. The body of the female has the shape of a torpedo, it is plump, and the male is more slender. Its dorsal fin is noticeably taller and sharper than that of the female, and during spawning the anal fin acquires a black border. Under natural conditions, these fish grow to 18 cm in length, and in captivity. no more than 8 cm.
Labo fish: maintenance and care
We have already said that these inhabitants of the aquarium need their own territory, for which no one will claim. On this basis, it is necessary to choose a capacity of at least 100 liters per one “tenant”. A small volume can fit only one pet, for example, labo bicolor.
Owners of the aquarium should definitely consider the decor of the home. Labeo needed shelter places. For this, stones, caves, grottoes, snags, pots or their fragments, other decorative elements can be used. You should know that the labo can jump out of the aquarium, so it must be covered.
Another important point. Labo are very fond of lush vegetation. It should be with powerful roots. Algae are necessary for these fish, not only as an additional feed, but also as an excellent natural shelter. They will also help the owner to divide the reservoir into separate zones where single fish will feel quite comfortable.
Labeo have rather high water requirements. It should be clean, so you can not do without aeration system and filtration. Ideal water should have the following characteristics:
- acidity. pH 6.5-7.5;
- stiffness. 4-20;
- temperature. 23-27 ° С.
At least once a week, the water must be partially renewed to 20% water. Filling the tank is allowed and tap water. But for this, it should stand for 3-4 days. For the substrate suitable sand and pebbles fines.
Food labo is not very demanding. They are happy to consume live food. This is a bloodworm, daphnia, a pipe worker. Do not refuse vegetable food and special dry feed. If you want to diversify the diet of your pets, scald the lettuce leaves and give them small pieces, use frozen spinach, zucchini pieces and cucumber, oatmeal.
These beautiful fish puberty comes at the age of about one and a half years. Labo breeding is, quite frankly, a difficult process. First you need to get a large aquarium, a volume of at least 500 liters. It should have dim lighting and various shelters of stones and plants.
Particular attention should be paid to water parameters:
- acidity. pH 6.0-7.0;
- temperature. 24-27 ° C;
- stiffness. up to 4.
To this should be added good aeration and provision of duct. For spawning it is necessary to take two males and one female. For about two weeks they should be kept separately and fed with daphnia, scalded lettuce, strawberry, spinach ice cream.
Before spawning, the fish are hormonally injected into the back muscles. Six hours after this procedure, spawning begins. During this period, the flow of water should be significantly weakened. Caviar, which turned out to be at the bottom, manufacturers eat, not touching the one that swims in the water. After completion of spawning, the producers are transplanted.
Next, the caviar sorted. Dead white eggs, which become noticeable after two hours, must be removed, and the remaining eggs should be transferred to a twenty-liter incubator with water, which has the same characteristics and light aeration.
Caviar ripens within 14 hours. After two days, the eggs turn into fry and begin an independent life. They swim and feed freely. During this period, they need living dust, rotifers, ciliates. As a rule, during the first fifteen days up to half of the fry die. The rest grow well and grow pretty quickly.
In adults, the dominant and belligerent character appears. This is especially true for males. These aquarium fish are distinguished by a strict hierarchy. the strongest male allows himself to swim into foreign territories, while not allowing anyone to his.
Labo. fish, which compatibility with other inhabitants of the aquarium must be considered in order to avoid conflicts. They are not recommended to settle with fish that have a similar color, and with large cichlids. They prefer to meet with their relatives only during spawning, and they cannot live in the same territory all the time.
However, if your aquarium is spacious enough, non-predatory and non-aggressive fish can become ideal neighbors for labeos. fighting, sklyaria, tetra, barbus, danios, gourami. Unlike Labo, they prefer the upper and middle layers of water, so they rarely intersect with their neighbors. In addition, these fish. fast and small, labo they often simply can not catch up.
Labo. a wonderful fish, which is suitable for an experienced aquarist, and for the novice lover of the underwater kingdom. It is interesting to watch her, she does not require very complex care and, under proper conditions of detention, will long delight with her beautiful appearance and interesting behavior.