History of origin
Fights Betta Fish in Thailand.
The birthplace of Betta Fish is South Asia. Fish loves warm and stagnant water, they live in fresh water bodies of Malaysia and Thailand, as well as in Vietnam. Betta Fish fish gained popularity in past centuries.
For the first time noticed an unusual fish in Thailand. Local residents discovered the glibness of the males’ fish towards each other and began to propagate them to earn money. They arranged for aquarium fish fights for roosters, which put real money. Soon the fish were taken to Germany and France.
The Betta Fish, or fighting fish (lat. Betta splendens) is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Natural habitat. freshwater ditches, rivers, streams of Southeast Asia. Often found in paddy fields.
For the first time the fish was noticed by residents of Siam at the beginning of the XIX century. The “stranger” was distinguished by aggressive behavior towards his relatives. Later, the fighting fish was transferred to the imperial court, where it was examined by European scientists invited to the country.
The genus Betta charges more than 70 species, and Betta Fish Betta splendens is one of them. There are 6 more types of betta, which are not related to a particular type. The genus Betta is divided into 2 groups: the representatives of the first build a foam nest, the second. incubate the eggs in the mouth.
Betta Fish. small aquarium fish, in conditions of captivity, their body length reaches 4-6 cm, males per centimeter more than females. In Betta splendens (Betta Fish ordinary), the body color is green-olive, with dark spots or stripes.
The fish mimic the environment, so the color of scales may vary. During spawning and aggression, the body becomes bright, at rest it is faded. In the wild Betta Fish, the fins are short and round. Now there are many breeding forms of these fish, which differ in color scales and fins.
As a representative of the contract Labyrinth fish, Betta Fish is a two-breathing fish, can breathe like gills, and there is atmospheric air. It captures air into the labyrinth channel, where it dissolves. This is a big plus, because in aquariums with Betta Fish aeration is not necessary, in this case it is much easier to take care of a pet in an aquarium.
They can be kept in "Spartan" conditions, although this is undesirable. Caring for them will not cause any trouble even to a novice in aquarism. If the aquarium water temperature, acidity, purity are maintained at a normal level, the pet will live longer.
Watch the video story about the cockerel fish.
The content of Betta Fish is available at home, it is possible even in a 3-liter jar. For two individuals and more will need more capacity. Like all fish, cramped. only to the detriment. Fish will be very comfortable in a rectangular and spacious aquarium.
It is not recommended to keep more than one male in the aquarium (except for the black Betta Fish). Between them there are often disputes that already speak. even between the females of Betta Fish there were fights. The result. bodily injuries, dangling fins.
If you have nowhere to settle two males. choose a large aquarium of 50-100 liters or more. You can put a partition in it, so the territory will be divided. Also, the fish have bursts of aggression, when there is a change of water or a female appears.
They are not easy to maintain with other types of fish. some are not averse to tear off the beautiful and long fins. Betta Fish themselves can attack peaceful fish with veil fins. Good aquarium neighbors. danios, speckled catfish, cardinals.
Compatibility with barbs is controversial, it is possible if you find a fish with D-shaped, short fins. Betta Fish quickly get used to the neighbors, and the eviction of one of them can lead to stress.
The Betta splendens fish is a tropical species, so it is recommended to settle in aquariums with infused and warm water: water temperature 24-27 ° C, ph 6.0-8.0, hardness 5-35 dGH. Once a week it is necessary to replace 25% of water with fresh. Aeration is optional.
They can be kept in a nano aquarium, in glass containers. But think carefully, will it be convenient for a small fish in a crush? Indeed, in a limited space there is no possibility to plant the plants, install snags, decorations, shelters.
To provide the fish with proper care, you need swimming space, safety and cleanliness. So you can put a filter in the aquarium so that your pet does not get sick. Lighting is necessary, in the tank you can put an LB lamp of 0.4 W per 1 liter. At night, the light required to turn off.
Wild forms of fish inhabit standing waters or slow-flowing rivers located in the territory of Southeast Asia. For example, fish can be found in rice fields flooded with water, they will feel great even in such puddles.
The size of the Siamese Betta Fish is small, the body of males reaches a length of no more than 5 cm, females. 4 cm. The natural form of the color is gray-green, closer to the olive one, but for keeping in aquariums the breeders derived numerous color variations.
For example, in the sale you can find blue, turquoise, emerald, crimson Betta Fish. A special attraction of the fish is given by fins. When the male Betta Fish is in an excited state, he straightens all the fins and resembles a luxurious fan.
In this regard, females look more modest, their fins are shortened, and the color is less bright. Most often, only males come to the retail sale; females prefer to acquire more experienced aquarists with the aim of breeding fish.
The Thai people crossed the wild representatives of the Betta Fish fish with other individuals and subsequently got the appearance of “Pla Kat” which means “biting fish”. The King of Thailand, in 1840, gave the Theodor Kantor, a medic from Bangkok, a few of his copies.
Betta Fish, the most beautiful members of their family, are distinguished by bright colors of various colors. Today, red, yellow, blue, green, and white colored Betta Fish are bred.
Externally, the fish Betta Fish can be described as:
- Small sized fish. Males reach a length of 5 centimeters, females 4.
- The color is light olive, red, blue, green, and yellow.
- Rounded, short fins.
- Cycloid scales, shimmering shades of flowers in the sun.
- The fish in appearance resembles a macropod.
The rooster fish lives no more than 3 years, after which it dies of old age. Older females who did not have the opportunity to spawn in their youth suffer from blockage of the genital tract, because the calf is reborn and blocks the ability to reproduce.
In the natural environment, this fish settles in rivers, streams of Southeast Asia and Thailand. Occurs in rice fields. The name of this species is associated with the name of the tribe. The fighting fish is named because of its bad character.
Males were taken for fish fights, betting. When fighting a fish looks like fireball. Fish of impressive beauty, having long voiletic fins, various colors. Males are the brightest in relation to females. Fish size 5-10 cm, elongated, the body. an oval.
Differs in aggression in relation to congeners.
The genus of these fish has over 70 species, Betta Fish is one of them. Betta Fish. small aquarium fish. In captivity, their length reaches 5-6 cm. Giant species reach 8 cm.
They have the following characteristics:
- The length can be 10 cm.
- Live about 3 years.
- Have long fins.
- Various bright coloring.
Betta Fish can be in the same color, for example Betta Fish red, or in several colors. Coloring can have all the spectra of the rainbow. The fish has a long body. With aggression, it becomes bright. In wild fish, the fins are round and short.
There are many breeding forms that differ in color and size. The fish breathes both Betta Fish with gills and oxygen. Aeration is not necessary and therefore it is much easier to care for fish than others.
Betta Fish have a special behavior when conducting combat battles a kind of code of honor:
- When one of the contenders is taken up to the surface for oxygen, the other waits for him to the place of the fight and does not make any violent attacks.
- When a fight of several males, others do not intervene, waiting for the queue. Fights occur under equal conditions.
The males of the fish Betta Fish reach five centimeters in length, the females are slightly smaller, up to four. The body of these fish is oval, elongated, one can even say that it is slightly compressed from the sides.
Wild fishes, those that did not succumb to selection, look quite modest: their color is light green and gray. But in the selection everything is much more diverse and interesting: there is a great variety of various colors.
At the moment, red fish, golden, scarlet, cream and many others are bred. Also, the color changes during spawning or fighting with another male: the fish becomes as bright as possible. Females are somewhat paler when compared with males, and their fins are shorter than theirs. However, there are females with a fin and color like the male.
These fish live on average for three years, you need to consider that the better the living conditions, the longer the Betta Fish lives.
These fish are divided into two categories: fin and size and color.
On the fin and the hell Multicolor "multicolor"
The best is considered the temperature from 26 to 28 degrees Celsius and preferably should not be below 25.
But at 22-20 degrees the fish swims to the bottom and tries to hide in the sand. If the temperature drops even lower, the fish will go into a coma. If you raise the temperature, the fish will wake up.
In order for fish to become more stress-resistant, you need to pour half a teaspoon of sea salt into three or four liters of water in an aquarium. In the aquarium should be dense vegetation, it is possible both living and artificial, but you should allow the fish to swim freely.
Another very important point to choose the right plants, because the fins of these fish are extremely fragile and extremely easily damaged.
You can use a filter, it does not hurt. Plants need light 7-15 hours a day, but this light should not heat the water too much. To the water, these fish are not demanding.
Features of the content of the aquarium fish Betta Fish
The optimum temperature for the content is in the range of 24-28 degrees. When lowering the temperature below 21 degrees, the fish go down to the bottom and try to bury themselves in the ground.
Females can be kept in flocks in one aquarium, however, only one male should be in small aquariums. In large aquariums, in the presence of abundant vegetation, there can be two males.
The aquarium should not be filled to the brim with water. It is also necessary to cover it with glass, but not completely. The glass serves as a protection against various kinds of garbage falling into the water, the lid of the aquarium helps retain heat inside the vessel.
In order to breathe, the Betta Fish fishes need an oxygen supply, for this purpose there must be a gap between the lid and the aquarium, and it is also advisable to install a filter. The lighting in the aquarium should not be too bright.
In order to provide normal care and aquarium maintenance of Betta Fish fish, it is advisable not to keep them in the same tank with other species. Betta Fish fishes have a temperate temper, they will attack their neighbors.
The fighting fish are undemanding to food, able to consume both dry and live food. The fundamental rule is that it is necessary to use a balanced feed for feeding aquarium fish.
Dry foods are granular and flaky. However, it is advisable to feed the fish that live in small vessels with live food, as it pollutes the aquarium less.
Water should always be replaced regularly, otherwise the aquarium will be dirty and the fish may get sick. If the aquarium is large, it should be done once every two weeks, if it is small, once every couple of days.
Choosing a ground for an aquarium, you should look at the river sand or gravel, it will be the best option.
Betta Fish females in an aquarium can be kept in small flocks, as they are much less aggressive in males, however, they establish a hierarchy and therefore conflicts are possible, especially at first. It is important that the male was the only one.
The Betta Fish fish is distinguished by its beauty and fighting spirit. It received its name due to the fact that two males in one aquarium arrange real cockfights, with fluffed fins and tails. If time does not separate them, then one of Betta Fish, alas, dies.
The homeland of the fish Betta Fish is a small reservoir with warm water in Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia. That is why the Betta Fish fish should be kept in warm water at 22-26 ° С.
Caring for aquarium fish Betta Fishmi does not require deep knowledge, it is enough to follow the following recommendations. Betta Fish feels great in a small aquarium. These are representatives of the labyrinth fish, which means that they breathe with the help of the gill labyrinth with atmospheric air.
The aquarium can be filled with plants with large leaves, exclude those that cover the surface of the water or have sharp edges. Living plants are preferable to artificial ones; in addition, they will supply oxygen to the water in the aquarium.
Take care also of shelters for fish, dark soil. Aeration of water is not required, and you can put the filter on request. However, do not forget that the Betta Fish fish is inactive and care for it involves the creation of calm conditions, and the filter in a small aquarium can create excessive turbulence.
Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight, but the fish must have a sufficient amount of light. Clean the aquarium regularly! This should be done once a week, and if you have a small aquarium it’s better to completely change the water.
Betta Fish are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care.
Amazingly beautiful, beautiful, unpretentious, bold. all these words can be applied to the aquarium fish Betta Fish. Aquarium Betta Fish have a bright variable color. Males, of almost all species of Betta Fish, have chic, veiled fins. And their content and breeding does not represent any complexity.
That is why Betta Fish is one of the most popular fish among beginners in the aquarium world, as well as among professionals, who contain beautiful breeding forms, exposing them to competitions.
To understand the beauty and temper of these fish, here is a literary description of the behavior of Betta Fish fish in nature from the book by I. Sheremetyev: “Along with the beautifully painted gouras, the greyish-green fish does not immediately strike the eye.
And the same gray, inconspicuous fish approached the fish. And suddenly, as if something had flared and shone in a small body. The body and splayed fins have become emerald. The fish opens the gill covers and goes to meet the guest.
Who is it. the female or rival. the male, the fish can determine only when he sees what the stranger will answer. The female is in front of a gorgeous male, obeying, placing fins. If she is not ready for spawning, she immediately flees.
This can take several minutes, and sometimes an hour. If one fish turns out to be half the size of the second, then it leaves another area. But, if males are the same size, then the first blow will be made sooner or later!
Within minutes after the start of the fight, the fins of a weaker male hang down in pieces, the gill covers are broken, the body is covered with bloody wounds. Fishes do not bite, and having opened their mouths so that their teeth stick out ahead, with all their might they drive dozens of needles into the body of an opponent.
Beautiful, professional photo fish Betta Fish
Let us take a closer look at these amazing representatives of South Asian reservoirs.
Latin name: Betta splendens;
Russian name: Betta Fish Fish, Siamese Betta Fish, Betta Fish, chicken, betta, fighting fish;
Order, suborder, family, subfamily, genus: Perciformes –Perciformes, Anabantoidei, Osphronemidae, Macropodusinae, Betta
Comfortable water temperature: 25-28 ° C.
"Acidity" Ph: does not matter, but comfortable 6-8;
Stiffness dH: does not matter much, but comfortable 5-15 °;
Aggressiveness: Betta Fish. betta are relatively peaceful fish. they cannot be called predators. However, they have a strong intraspecific aggression and territoriality. Keep two males in a small aquarium is not possible.
The dominant male will surely kill the weaker. Two or more males can be maintained only in large and wide aquariums, while fights for territory and females still cannot be avoided. In addition, males often show aggression and to a “disliked” female during spawning.
The complexity of the content: easy;
Compatibility of Betta Fish fish: in addition to the previously mentioned intraspecific aggression, fish aggression applies to all small, sluggish and voile fish. Therefore, you can keep them, only nimble, active fish that will be similar in size.
Betta Fish is not compatible with cichlids, the family of goldfish, other labyrinth fish are not desirable. Not compatible with snails, they eat small snails, and large ones cut off their whiskers.
In addition, when combining fish, one should always take into account the similarity of conditions and water parameters, for details on the compatibility of aquarium fish, see HERE!
How many live: Betta Fish fish are not aquarium long-livers, their age is short. only 3 years. Find out how many other fish live HERE!
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Yes, of course, Betta Fish is a hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water.
Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions. Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim. When the Betta Fish fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins. this is actually a sad sight.
Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies.
Content and features of care
Unfortunately, the situation is often the case, especially for novice aquarists, when the Betta Fish fish is sick, what should I do in this case? For a start, it is important to determine what ailment is in your tank. Most diseases are easily treated, and the fish is fully recovering if it is timely to pay attention to its condition and take appropriate measures.
What are the fish Betta Fish? Owing to non-compliance with the rules of maintenance and care, infection in the water, aquarists often encounter such diseases:
- Fin rot. The tail and fins descend and become as if scorched around the edges. For treatment, the tank is disinfected, patients are treated with trays with levometsitin.
- Dropsy. Easy to identify by abdominal distension and feces, as if wrapped in clear mucus. In the early stages of treatment with tetracycline, in the later it is impossible to help the fish.
- Oodiniosis. Unfortunately, the symptoms of this disease in the early stages are almost impossible to see. On the body of the fish appears a rash, like a golden sand. this is the only symptom that can be noticed. For treatment using the antibiotic bicillin-5, will help a weak solution of salt in the aquarium or the addition of tea.
- Ichthyophthyriosis. This is the most common disease of aquarium fish, known as "semolina" which can be recognized by white specks on the side of the fish. To cure, the fish should be transplanted from the general aquarium, a little salt should be added to the water. The illness is treated with such drugs as Kontraktal, Kostapur and their analogues.
Such behavior can be both a variant of the norm and an alarming symptom. There are many possible reasons why the Betta Fish doesn’t eat:
- adaptation after purchase;
- the type of feed does not fit (many fish refuse to eat dry food);
- low water temperature;
How long the fish refuses to eat, is of great importance. For example, during adaptation or after stress, the fish may not eat for up to three days. If more time has passed, and Betta Fish is still indifferent to food, the cause should be sought deeper.
This scares many, especially novice aquarists, but do not rush to panic. it is not at all necessary that the Betta Fish fish get sick if it lies on the bottom. There are several possible reasons for this behavior:
- Stress. If you just let the fish in the aquarium, and she lay on the bottom, it says stress. No need to do anything, just give her time to get used to.
- Overfeeding Perhaps Betta Fish had eaten, his stomach had become too heavy, and the fish sank to the bottom. Such a condition can be dangerous, it is important to monitor the amount of feed dispensed.
- Injuries. If after active games Betta Fish lay on the bottom, it is likely that he was injured.
- Dirty water. If the water becomes dirty, the fish feel better at the bottom.
For the convenience of aquarium fighters, it is necessary to provide them with suitable conditions: install a filter, aerate, locate suitable soil at the bottom and monitor the water temperature in the aquarium. If your aquarium is roomy enough, build a fencing made of transparent material so that Betta Fish feels comfortable in your personal area.
Be sure to add live plants to your Betta Fish aquarium.
In the aquarium with Betta Fish, you can install various artificial plants. It is important that the decorations do not have sharp corners, otherwise the fish can cripple their fragile fin. Ideally, use artificial plants made from natural silk.
Let us consider in more detail the features of the content of the unique Betta Fish.
Betta Fish is very thermophilic, the water temperature should be observed within 26. 29 degrees. Keeping Betta Fish in cool water can lead to various diseases. Watch the temperature regularly, install an aquarium thermometer.
Natural lighting should not be bright, in addition, it is necessary to ensure that direct sunlight does not fall on the aquarium. The best option is artificial lighting with a maximum light day up to 8 hours.
Fish will only be grateful to you if you equip an aquarium with a compressor or a not very powerful filter.
Betta Fish must breathe atmospheric oxygen. If there are live plants in your underwater world, watch them grow so that the surface of the water does not overgrow. Betta Fish aquariums can jump out of the aquarium to prevent this, use a cap or net on the surface of the water with openings for oxygen.
Water in the aquarium
Unpretentious fish perfectly get along in the settling cold water from the tap. It is forbidden to use distilled water, it contains bad bacteria that will harm the health of fish. Suitable soft water, with a neutral acidity.
If your water is not soft, you can soften it at home. This will help you a special conditioner to soften water. Before running the fish, do not forget to bring the water to the desired temperature.
Tetra Aqua Toru Min. one of the means to soften the water in the aquarium.
Changing the water in the aquarium is an integral part of proper care for the aquarium fish Betta Fish. If your aquarium is larger than 100 liters, replace 1/5 of the water once a week, if the aquarium is small, 1/3 of the water is changed every three days.
Aquarium fish cocks can aggressively respond to fresh water, but soon it will pass. It is important to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, it is necessary to remove food residues, the bacterial layer, and other visible contaminants from the bottom.
If the aquarium is more than 100 liters and there are many decorations and shelters in it, you should not worry about the neighbors, Betta Fish will find a decent shelter.
Compatibility Betta Fish aquarium with other inhabitants.
Betta splendens are loyal to various types of catfish, to swordtails, tetras, patcilia, and minors. Excellent friends with danios. Usually there are no problems with such neighbors. However, when sharing a new neighbor, the first time is to observe the behavior of the teaser.
In the aquarium with Betta Fish should live fish who love warm water. For example, a predator cannot get along with a goldfish, since a goldfish needs cooler water.
Do not start in a common aquarium fish with bright colors, Siamese predator can see it as an opponent and beat him to death.
Strictly do not get along with their own predators, for example, with cichlids or piranhas.
It is characterized by the appearance of a gray scale on the scales, the foulness of the fins, and the general painful appearance. In the last stage of the disease does not respond to treatment, soon the fish die.
The second name of the disease is semolina. This name was given to the disease because of the appearance of the sick fish, its body as if sprinkled with semolina. Aquarium predators seem to itch on the soil, stones and scenery. Characterized by rapid breathing.
The belly of the fish is swollen and red, possibly ulcers and traces of blood. Almost completely lost color, a significant decrease in appetite.
Lack of sunlight can be detrimental to development. The task of a person is to ensure his entry into the aquarium at least for several hours a day.
Fish can not live without air. They need oxygen for breathing. In order to always be in abundance, it is necessary to ensure that the surface of the water is clean. It should not be plants. If suddenly a film has formed on the water, it must be removed.
To make the fish comfortable, only soft water is used. 1/3 of the fluid must be changed every week. If the tank is large, it is better to update the water 1 time in 3 days. Suited to the small fish, for two days, tap water.
It is slightly warmed up, it is necessary to remove the remnants of food. If necessary, complete cleaning of the aquarium do not use any chemistry. Cleaning is done with a sponge for washing dishes, it removes dirt and algae from the surface well.
- Temperature. 24.5–28 degrees.
- Acidity is not so important, but an acceptable figure of 6–8.
- The size of the minimum aquarium. 5 liters.
- Stiffness. 5-15.
Feeding Betta Fish
tubers, raspberry, bloodworm. Food can be used and frozen, the fighting fish do not disdain, and will gladly grab a delicacy. It’s not for nothing that Betta Fish was nicknamed the fighting fish; they love to hunt for insects on the surface of the water, to fight for food with other fish.
Betta Fish is happy to feast on live food.
It is very important to prevent overeating. Betta Fish should be fed in very small quantities, but two to three times a day. In order to avoid possible obesity, periodically go on a hunger strike for 24 hours.
Good food for Betta Fish fish are insect larvae and especially a wide variety of mosquitoes. Live food should be well prepared, otherwise there is a chance to bring infection into the aquarium.
Also, Betta Fish eat various worms and snails, plankton. You can use dry and frozen food, however, it is still worth making a diet, in which most of it will be live food. Feed should be 1-2 times a day.
Good fish care Betta Fish is a high-quality and balanced diet. In the wild, fish feed on small insects, so their mouth is small, adapted to swallow food from the surface of the water.
Given this feature, you should carefully select the size of the flakes or granules. The basis of the diet should be exactly balanced dry food from leading manufacturers. For example, in the line of "Sera", "JBL" and "Tetra" there is food specifically designed for Betta Fish.
No more than 1-2 times a week you can pamper your pet with live or frozen food, such as bloodworms. However, you should know that live food can cause infectious diseases of fish.
Breeding betta fish
Mating games of the Betta Fish.
If a pair of Betta Fish lives in your tank, sometimes you will have to create the necessary conditions for spawning. The ideal breeding age is 5-6 months. Even if you are not going to engage in breeding, you still have to help Betta Fish.
Although Betta Fish fry are unique, they do not need special care. For a long time without spawning is dangerous for both the female and the male. Ripened caviar in a female can turn into a cyst, which is almost impossible to cure, soon the female Betta Fish dies.
It is necessary to spawn a female then, as soon as the belly appears. There is no specific time interval in the fish, each Betta Fish is individual in this respect. Some females are infertile, they do not have a belly during life.
It is also useful for the male to spawn, the best option once a month. The male gives a signal when it needs a female, you can see that water has foamed on the territory of the male. This means that the male built a nest.
To create the right spawning should follow several rules:
- As a spawn, use a small aquarium of 10. 15 liters.
- It is not necessary to fill the aquarium completely with water; 10 to 12 centimeters of water is enough to stimulate spawning.
- At the bottom it is necessary to put various shelters in the form of snags or shells.
- For a male, the presence of living plants is mandatory. This is necessary so that the male could build a nest. For this purpose, more often plants with large leaves are used, for example, rotape or cryptocoryn.
- The required water temperature is 26 degrees.
Do not draw water in the spawning tank until full and be sure to add live plants.
For spawning fighting fish, you need to use a healthy pair, more or less close in age. You can breed the offspring of fish that are not two years old, otherwise they will not be able to take care of their offspring properly.
Before spawning, the pair should be divided into seven days, the fish should dwell for some time separately from each other. Preferably these days to feed the fish more than usual, use live food.
The male should be the first to spawn, he will immediately start creating a nest for breeding with the help of foam. Then they plant a female. If the male does not pay attention to the female and does not make any movements in relation to the female, the following actions should be taken:
- Soften the water with a special tool.
- Add to spawning peat water
- Put almond leaf on the bottom of spawning
- You can add a couple of degrees of water temperature for stimulation.
It is allowed to leave the fish in the spawn for two days, but they can not be fed, it will pollute the spawning. If after the day of spawning did not occur, you will have to re-divide the fish and prepare them for spawning using a new one.
Usually, Betta Fish spawns without problems, the female lays eggs at the first time. After the deposition of eggs, the female must be immediately removed from the aquarium, otherwise the fighting Betta Fish in your tank can “kill” the female to death.
The fact is that the male feels threatened for caviar. But this is not always the case, sometimes the female herself begins to actively care for caviar, correcting and protecting the eggs. Fish should not be disturbed while grooming caviar.
You can not feed the fish, you can not blink light, otherwise the fish can get angry and eat caviar. It is not surprising that after spawning the male often lies at the bottom without moving, for him it is stressful, he needs to sleep.
Betta Fish is easy to breed, they are unpretentious, they do not need any special conditions. Spawning can be carried out in the general aquarium. The difficulty lies in the selection of good pairs to reproduce offspring.
Sex differences fish Betta Fish:
- Males are usually larger than females by 1-2 centimeters.
- The fins of males are larger than the fins of females.
- Males are much brighter than females.
- In addition, the female has a large belly, which indicates the readiness of the egg-laying.
For spawning, you can use a small aquarium of 10 liters, the water level in it should be at least 10-15 centimeters. The aquarium should not have soil at the bottom, however, it should be equipped with shelters for females.
As shelter can be used small snags, shrubs or plants such as hornpole. Also, for spawning it is necessary to have surface plants in the aquarium, such as duckweed, pistia, and vodokras. They are used by the male to build a “foam nest”.
The temperature in the aquarium should be 26-30 degrees. For spawning, clean defended water is used in the aquarium. The softness of the water stimulates the fish to spawn. Water can be mitigated by aquarium chemistry, preparations that contain peat.
Before spawning, parents should be seated in different aquariums, and abundantly fed. After a week of fattening, a male is launched into the spawning aquarium, after which he masters. When he builds a “foamy nest” a female with caviar runs into his aquarium. The presence of female calf is determined by the pouty abdomen.
If the male does not pay attention to the female, and spawning does not begin, it is necessary to stimulate the process by increasing the temperature to 30 degrees and softening the water or replacing it with fresh water.
If, however, this is not enough, and the spawning has not begun, you can try to plant another female on the male. But usually this is not required.
Stimulate fish in the aquarium for spawning, with live food is prohibited. It is advisable not to feed them for a while in the aquarium for spawning in order to avoid water pollution by fungi and bacteria.
The breeding process itself takes place in an interesting way, the male swims up to the female and presses against it squeezing the eggs. When the eggs fall, the male swims up and grabs them with his mouth, after which he carries them to the “foam nest”.
This process is repeated until the female stops producing eggs. When spawning is over, the male is in the “foam nest” and the female hides in the shelter. As soon as this has happened, the female must be transplanted from the male to another aquarium, since it can pose a threat to the offspring.
After a day, the larvae appear in the aquarium, and a day later, the yolk bladder disappears and they begin to swim on their own. After this male you can be released from the aquarium and start feeding the fry. Dry children’s fish feeds are suitable as feed.