Of course, many people like to breed aquarium fish, but what if you live in the countryside and travel to the city for food, equipment and new inhabitants become a problem?
If you like exotic things and would like to keep fish from local reservoirs at home, we will tell you how to do it correctly.
What river fish can live in an aquarium?
The range of representatives of the rivers, suitable for domestic pond, is large enough: carp, verkhovka, tench, rudd, etc.
Before you populate the aquarium, you need to consider that the most "resistant" will be fish from a pond that is not flowing or with a weak current. Also, fish caught in the fall, will be more enduring to the conditions of artificially created habitat.
When settling river dwellers it is necessary to take into account. the cohabitation of predatory and non-predatory fish is impossible.
Predatory individuals (perch, pike, zander, catfish) need live fish for feeding, unlike non-predatory ones (bream, rudd, carp, crucian carp), which use plants and invertebrates as food.
Regarding the types of fish that are suitable for keeping at home, the most unpretentious representative of them is a crucian that can “survive” even in the most difficult conditions.
He creates around him a special layer consisting of water and dirt, and in such conditions he will be able to hold out for about 2-3 months.
Therefore, crucian carp, the best option for keeping in a domestic pond. This fish loves a lot of vegetation, algae, so when you “populate” this inhabitant, you need to take this into account.
The most important condition is to create a habitat for fish similar to their home (river, reservoir, pond).
In order for the residents to feel free and comfortable, you need to prepare a large-scale aquarium with algae (duckweed, a rodentard, carnation, glitter), which will be able to undergo acclimatization in the conditions of a home pond.
Aquarium preparation, fish transportation
During the preparatory work for the settlement of river fish in the home aquarium, first of all, you should pay attention to the soil, the best thing in this case is suitable pebbles of small size.
Fish reclamation at a new location will succeed if after catching it is placed in the water from its permanent habitat. And at home new guests need to run into the aquarium, with 50% of clean water and as much water should be added from the reservoir.
In order not to injure the caught fish during transportation, you need to choose a convenient dish (it is better to use wide and low). In the capacity of 5 liters is recommended to carry 4-5 copies.
If the path is long, take care of temporary aeration for the fish, such a device can be made from a hose, a pear for a spray bottle and a spray bottle.
Features of acclimatization of river fish
In order for the fish to get used to the new habitat more quickly, it is better to catch it in water bodies, with a reduced oxygen regime, or at a certain time of the year: in the summer. during the heatwave, when the water begins to “bloom”, in the winter. during the “freezing” period, when fish gathers near ice holes.
The most resistant to new conditions are small fish (fry) about 3-4 cm in size. It is better to catch large inhabitants in spring.
To create conditions close to natural, the water must be replaced during purification with the following composition: half of the separated water and the same amount of natural water. Saturation of water with oxygen is created by blowing.
At the beginning of the relocation, you should notice changes in the behavior of your pets and adjust the aeration time, making it shorter or lengthening it (up to 24 hours)
The critical point that requires your attention is the natural increase in the temperature of the water in the aquarium in the summer.
Because in warm water, the fish will experience a lack of oxygen; a decrease in the aquarium temperature can solve this problem by adding cold water. Sometimes you can even add tap water that is not separated.
After about 2-3 weeks, the fish become weaned from natural water, therefore, maintaining and caring for them will not be so burdensome.
How and what to feed fish from reservoirs?
Hand dwellers are recommended to give complementary foods: daphnia, bloodworm or cyclops. At first, dry food will be bad to go, but after a while the fish will get used to it, and the smaller it is, the faster.
The most important thing is not to give a lot of food, only once, so that it is eaten immediately, otherwise the water will quickly become polluted.
How many fish can you inhabit?
One of the main points is the exactingness of each species to the oxygen content in the domestic pond.
Undemanding include: tench, crucian carp, char, spike. Keep fish up to 4 cm in length should be no more than 3 liters, if there is a partial blowing, it will be enough 2 liters.
Fish that require when the content of increased oxygen content: rudd, roach, gudgeon.
For representatives with a length of 4 cm should prepare a capacity of about 5 liters, in the presence of aeration (even partial). 3 liters. Perch suffers the most from oxygen starvation.
Based on the needs of the inhabitants of the aquarium, should proceed when calculating the number of fish in it.
The rule is this: for every fish up to 4 cm in size there should be 5-6 liters. water, with partial aeration. 4l. If the fish has a larger size, accordingly, the amount of water for each individual should be increased.
In favorable and properly created conditions of home aquariums, river fish quickly acclimatize and live long.
For the material provided thanks to the company "Golden Fish"
Also look further at the video for useful information on how to properly contain river fish in your home aquarium.