WHAT IS ACCLIMATIZATION?
Acclimatization or transfer of fish to a new aquarium is the process by which the fish will be transplanted with minimal anxiety and a change in the maintenance parameters. The most frequent situation when acclimatization is needed. you bought fish and transport them to put in your aquarium. When you buy new fish, acclimatization begins at the moment when you launch them in another aquarium and can last up to two weeks for the fish to get used to the new environment.
WHY DOES IT NEED?
Water has many parameters, for example. hardness (the amount of dissolved minerals), pH (acid or alkaline), salinity, temperature, and all this directly affects the fish. Since the vital activity of a fish directly depends on the water in which it lives, a sudden change leads to stress. In case of dramatic changes in the quality of water, immunity goes down, the fish get sick often die.
After buying the fish you need to carry home. As a rule, such a road takes no more than three hours. But in this case, aquarists, especially beginners, do not know or do not think about how to do this with the least stress for fish. What is suitable for transportation?
Water jar filled by two thirds. If it is not very cold outside, then it is enough to wrap the jar in a thick towel and place it in a bag. This ensures the stability of the water temperature for 20 minutes. If it is rather cold, then a small jar can be placed in an inside pocket of clothes. If it is larger and it is impossible to do, then it must be wrapped in a woolen cloth and placed in a bag, suitcase or box with a heating pad.
How to release the purchased fish in the aquarium?
In no case should this be done right away! Experienced fish farmers are advised to place the tied bag in a quarantine aquarium so that the temperature of the water will gradually even out there and there.
This procedure is repeated several times, carefully observing the condition of the fish. If they feel bad, the procedure should be stopped. If all is well, then as soon as the aquarium water in the package is more than half, fish can be released.
If caught, it is better to hand, but not a net (less risk of damage). Or you can rotate the package so that the fish swim out of it.
How to transport fish in the winter?
In general, the transportation procedure is the same. The main difficulty is to prevent overcooling and to maintain optimal water temperature in tanks for as long as possible. What ways it can be done:
- Cover the bag or jar under the clothes on the body. Not always suitable for obvious reasons.
- Wind containers with several layers of fabric or newspapers.
- Place bottles or hot water bottles in the box (the fish should not have direct contact with this tank). You can pave them with a cloth or paper. If bottled or heated water bottles are additionally salted, then heat transfer will take longer.
- If transportation is carried out by car, then the container can be put on the seat and covered with a rug or jacket.
- Use a thermo bag. This is the best option.
How to transport fish in the car?
Many aquarists are interested in this question, since a car is not only the most affordable, but also the most convenient means of transportation and transportation of fish. The machine must be warm, without changes in temperature. Boxes with tanks in which there are fish, it is better to place in the cabin on the seat and cover with a rug, jacket, etc. Everything else is done the same way as in other cases.
How to transport aquarium plants?
The key to this is to prevent them from drying out, overheating, or freezing. And remember that without light, plants will not stand for more than two days. That is why they can never be sent by parcels.
Packing plants produced as follows:
- need to put them in a wet plastic bag;
- it is not necessary to fill it completely with water, only a small amount is sufficient;
- bushes can be wrapped in a wet newspaper;
- pumping air is also not required;
- package tightly tie, put it in another;
- fill the last bag with air and tie it too.
Aquarium plants are best preserved when transported in coolness, but not below 12 degrees. If it happens in winter, then it is safer to transport them in water, which will serve as a buffer against the rapid decrease in temperature.
After arrival, the plants can not be immediately placed in the aquarium. They must adapt. To do this, it is necessary, without opening the packaging, to let them lie down at room temperature.