Most often, children are pushing us to fish. But soon the parents themselves are addicted to aquarism, they are happy to observe the inhabitants of the water world and try to learn more useful things in this area. So, where to start? How to properly prepare the aquarium for the settlement of its inhabitants?
Buying and installing an aquarium
It all starts with the acquisition of capacity. Your choice is better to stop at an aquarium with a volume of 30-40 liters. In this, it is easier to maintain biological balance. Its minimum volume in a small apartment should be 15-20 liters.
It will be great if the height of the house for the fish will be the same as its width. This will ensure a sufficient surface area of contact of water with air. There will be enough oxygen in the water for both fish and plants.
Where is it better to put a water home? It must be a safe and stable place. Not a windowsill. The aquarium should be located near the window. If the surface on which he stands, shakes, then you need to align it. Moving a tank filled with water is strictly prohibited, so you should consider choosing a convenient place before filling it.
Washing the aquarium and filling with water
Before settling plants and fish in the house, it must be carefully prepared.
Frame aquarium should be washed with water at room temperature with the addition of baking soda and soap. Then it should be filled with water at room temperature for 3 days, then repeat the procedure several times until the complete smell of paint.
Plexiglass all-glass aquarium should be rinsed with warm water and salt or 5% acetic acid solution. Then wash again with plain warm water.
If you fill a new aquarium, then first pour water in half, and after 3 days. completely, so that it fills the container to the top edge with an interval of 5-8cm. Thus, the pressure on the glass of the container increases gradually, and it does not burst.
A small aquarium should be filled by substituting a plate or a piece under the stream of water so as not to blur the soil.
The large tank should be filled with a hose. In this case, the water should fall on a deep plate, which stands on the ground.
Some aquarists advise a different way of filling the aquarium, based on the quality of water in our faucets. They propose simply to take water into bottles and stand for several days so that the chlorine contained in tap water comes out of it.
Soil for aquarium
The best soil for the aquarium is river sand, taken from river banks. When you do not have the opportunity to take the sand on the river, you need to take any sand and wash it for a long time to achieve the washing out of the clay. Rinse it in the pelvis or bucket with a strong jet of water until the water is clear. It is better to wash the sand in parts, in small portions, mixing it with a stick. Checking the sand for cleanliness is done this way: you need to wait for the water to calm down and stir the sand with a stick. If the turbidity re-emerges, flushing should continue.
Soil stacked in this way. After washing the aquarium and changing the water frequently, the sand is neatly placed on the bottom with a layer of 5 centimeters. To the front wall is recommended to make a small bias. If you have a desire to put on the sand and even large pebbles, then you should not use stones with a sharp edge. Also, it is not recommended to stack them at a close distance to the glass.
For an aquarium, it is imperative to prepare a coating. As a rule, this is an ordinary thick glass. It will protect the fish house from dust and will not allow fish to leave the territory of their home by jumping. The coating will prevent the cooling of water, its evaporation.
Usually, the coating for air flow and rust protection of the steel frame is not placed on the walls of the aquarium, but on the stand 0.5-1.5 cm high. The supports can be pieces of an eraser or clamps made of metal that does not oxidize. An exception is made for aquariums in which fish constantly jump and can crawl through the cracks. This capacity should be covered tightly without using coasters.
If the apartment, the house is very dry air, then the aquarium is usually used to humidify it. Then it is not necessary to cover it, but simply to lower the water level in it in order to avoid jumping out of the fish.
So, your aquarium is prepared. The queue for its inhabitants.