The Betta Fish is a bright aquarium inhabitant who personifies beauty and anger at the same time. The phenotype has an aggressive character, especially during mating games, but with certain Betta Fish phenotypes get along well. Popularity among aquarists of fighting fish acquired thanks to the luxurious color, entertaining behavior and unpretentiousness.
The fish Betta Fish, the scientific name of which is Betta Splendens (Betta Splendens) is a well-known resident of home waters. They come from Southeast Asia, where wild Bett swim freely in freshwater lakes and rivers. For the first time, the creators with an aggressive behavior were noticed by the inhabitants of the city of Siam (Thailand), and they transferred it to the court of the emperor for study. Soon the anger Betta Fish began to use for the entertainment of the audience, arranging fish battles and making bets.
Betta was brought to Europe in 1892, where scientists brought out a new type of these creatures. In Russia, a popular resident of artificial reservoirs first appeared in 1896.
In the Betta family, there are more than seventy species, and the Betta Fish fighting fish is one of them. All representatives are divided into two classes, depending on breeding:
- building foam nests;
- incubating eggs in the mouth.
Many years after the discovery, the Betta Fish aquarium fish delight owners of variegated colors and a variety of shapes. They do not require complex care and care; they are distinguished by fascinating behavior and grace.
An interesting fact: sometimes Betta confuses the reflection in the glass of the aquarium with another male, and starts a fight, flying on the walls of the reservoir.
Description and variations
Betta Fish are macropods and are labyrinth aquatic inhabitants. This means that the aquarium dweller knows how to breathe both the gills and the air. Such a distinctive feature is Betta’s dignity, since, while setting up an aquarium for Betta Fish, it is possible not to establish aeration unless other inhabitants of the reservoir require it, which makes it easier to take care of the Betta Fish fish.
- torso oblong, flattened on the sides;
- fins of the back and tail are tall;
- pectoral fins sharpen towards the end.
The sizes of Bette’s pets are insignificant: in the aquarium, the boys grow from 5 to 7 cm, the female Betta Fish. from 4 cm to 6 cm. The colors can be varied, with modulations and stains. Color saturation is affected by the condition: during mating games or fights, male individuals become more juicy in color. Experienced aquarists know how to distinguish a female from a male: the Betta Fish girl has a more modest color and smaller size, and the boys, on the contrary, are large and colorful.
Now there are many breeding breeds of Betta Fish, which are distinguished by the structure of the body and color scales. Life expectancy is three years, however, according to information, some fish lived to 5 years.
Common types of Betta Fish by color:
- The bicoloured look. represents one main tone of a body, and an additional shade on fins.
- Monophonic color. the body of the fish of one saturated color. Typical examples are sapphire, white and red Betta Fish.
- Multicolor. several colors are combined on the body of a fish.
- Cambodian type. the main tone is snow-white with a pinkish tinge, scarlet fins or malachite fins.
- The butterfly is a monotonous torso; by the end of the fins, the paint becomes colorless.
- Marble Betta Fish. spots are scattered on the body in a chaotic manner.
- The piebald is the head of a dull color, and the whole body is bright monophonic.
- Mask. cornflower blue, copper or dark gold color, while the head is much darker than the body.
- The dragon is one of the rarest colors. The body of the individual is silver, and the fins are bright red with silver rays.
Breeders, working on new breeds, took care not only about the variety of colors, but also improved the shape of Bette’s body. The unusual structure of the fins and variegated colors together create a unique combination.
- Veiltail. the ancestor of all subsequent forms, is the presence of a fluffy, long tail, flowing in waves.
- Crescent. tail rays form an angle of 180 ° C, the pectoral and anal fins are large and luxurious.
- A semi-sun. the tail has a crescent shape, but with jagged edges.
- Rosetail. fin rays form frills that look like rose petals.
- Betta Fish crown. the figure of a fin looks like a royal crown.
- Double-tailed fin consists of two parts, forming a forked form.
- Betta Fish Delta. the rays of the tail are hard, form a triangle.
- Betta Fish superdelta. tail more sweeping and stiffer than the previous form. Thanks to the gorgeous look, the super delta will decorate an artificial reservoir.
- Royal Betta Fish. a giant species, reaching up to 8 cm in length. The tail fin is short, sometimes individuals with a crescent shape. Veil tail is very rare.
- Dragonlike. the body of the fish is covered with very rigid scales of intense iridescent color.
Betta Fish, the maintenance and care of which does not require much time and effort, is valued by aquarists for the ability to live even in small tanks. The ability of the fighting fish to breathe both the gills and the air makes it possible not to establish aeration in an artificial home pond.
Siamese Betta Fish are unassuming aquatic inhabitants, however, it is necessary to pay attention to the arrangement of housing for fish. First they buy an aquarium for Betta Fish. it can be of any size, the main thing is that at least 5–7 liters of water is used for each individual. If the reservoir is wide, it is divided by partitions. then it will be possible to start two males without fear of fights and quarrels. Arguing about how to equip an aquarium for Betta Fish, you should remember to get a cover or a net for a reservoir so that the fish do not jump out.
Water parameters for a tank with Betta Fish:
- stiffness. from 4 to 15;
- acidity. from 6 to 7.5;
- water temperature is from 24 ° C to 28 ° C.
Update the fluid regularly, replacing at least 30% of the volume. Leftovers are cleaned immediately after feeding to prevent contamination of the bottom. For the purpose of prophylaxis, table salt is poured into water (1 tsp per 6 l).
Also, a Betta Fish aquarium is equipped with a thermometer and heater to prevent pets from overheating or overcooling. Aeration for fish is not important, but the filter is installed on a mandatory basis. It can be small or medium power, because Betta Fish Betta does not welcome a powerful current. Pond can not be placed under the direct influence of the sun.
Knowing how to take care of Siamese fish, you can increase the life of Betta Fish and long admire the view of the aquarium.
Scenery and ground
The Betta Fish aquarium fish, the care and maintenance of which delivers many pleasant moments to the owner, cannot comfortably exist without shelters and properly selected soil.
For fighting fish, the following types of substrate are suitable:
- glass colored stones;
Before laying the soil is treated, calcining or washing with boiling water, otherwise harmful algae and bacteria will form in the pond.
The content of the Betta Fish fish also implies the presence of various caves, stumps and grottoes. The main thing is that the fragments were without sharp ends, otherwise the Betty will injure the lush fins. In addition to decorate the pond will help the figures of ships, boats, as well as shells, chests of coins and plants.
In a pond with Siamese fish, you can land live or artificial plants and algae, but experienced aquarists prefer natural greenery. It helps create balance in the tank, and maintains bio-balance.
If the choice fell on artificial flora, then choose soft algae, made from environmentally friendly material and without sharp edges. Betta Fish Siamese is a day resident, and falls asleep at night, hiding in the shade of vegetation. Knowing how the fighting fish sleep, experienced aquarists choose silk plants so that they do not hurt Betta during sleep.
When planting living greens, it is necessary to constantly monitor growth and development, and it should not be placed too close to each other. Green flora should not occupy more than 1/3 of the reservoir. We are constantly taking care of the plants, removing the overgrown leaves and rotten branches.
Betta are predatory natures, and in the wild nature with pleasure hunt worms. However, Betta Fish in an aquarium cannot independently obtain food, therefore, feeding care and ration lie on the shoulders of the owner. In matters of food, fish are unpretentious, and readily absorb any food, but in order to preserve the brightness of the color and the well-being of the pet, it is necessary to ensure that the food is varied.
The main amount of food should be live food. This daphnia, bloodworm, tiny snails, pre-crushed into pieces. It is important that the food given is processed and free from infections and viruses.
The remaining share of dry feed pellets. It must be specialized, and include nutrients and vitamins.
They feed Betta Fish twice a day. in the morning and in the evening. The volume of a single portion is calculated simply: feed is poured into the tank, and they wait five minutes, watching how much the fish will eat. This will be the size of one serving. Leftover food from the pond is removed to prevent contamination. Once every seven days, Betta Fish goes on a hunger strike so that the Betts do not grow stout or lose mobility.
Siamese Betta Fish. fish with a snout, often entering into fights with other phenotypes of artificial reservoirs. Especially hostile behavior is the male Betta during mating games. But this behavior does not mean that Betta Fish should live all alone, on the contrary, choosing the right neighbors will help create harmony and calm in the aquarium.
It is prohibited to populate the tank with Betta Fish:
- bright and colorful fish that will be perceived as rivals;
- shrimp and small fish, otherwise they will become a dinner;
- large predators, otherwise they will eat Betta Fish.
These species include parrots, eels and other phenotypes. Bett has average compatibility with neons, guppies, and labo, however small battles and squabbles can still occur. The best neighbors for Siamese Betta will be:
- corridas and ancistrus;
Betta Fish Betta Fish is capable of breeding as early as 3-4 months. Many aquarists do not know how to determine the age of Betta, especially if the individual at the time of purchase was already formed. The following tips will help set the age:
- size of young fish. 2-3 cm;
- in adults, the fins are large and lush, in small ones. medium;
- the eyes of young Betta Fish are coal-black; in the old fish they lose their brightness.
The female from the male is distinguished by body weight, and the color saturation. the girls are smaller and have a modest coloring. Selecting a couple of future parents, they are deposited in a separate container.
Spawning fish equip as follows:
- water level. from 10 to 15 cm;
- temperature. from 28 ° C to 30 ° C;
- lighting. dim.
Also place a couple of grottoes and caves for the female. During spawning, the pair are fed vigorously with live food. After laying eggs, the male takes care of the children, guarding the future babies. After a day or two days, fry are born, which are already swimming on the fourth day, looking for food. At this time, older fish from the reservoir is deposited back.
Food fry consists of nauplii, Artemia and live dust. All food should be minced so that the tiny fish can have dinner without problems. Three weeks later, the fry are sorted by size, so that large individuals do not attack small ones, at the same time they remove aeration from the aquarium, because a labyrinth organ begins to form in Betta Fish.
This is interesting: a couple they like each other shows feelings in a very unusual way: girls jerk back and forth, and the boys bulge their gills and spread their fins.
Betta Fish Betuta is distinguished by a good immunity, which is why it is rarely disturbed by illness. Betta’s fluffy fins are most susceptible to injury, which is why fin rot is a frequent ailment. Also sometimes Betta Fish develop dropsy or ichthyophthyriosis.
Causes of disease:
- poor care;
- fin wounds;
- infections and viruses brought into the aquarium with new residents;
- bad feed
These diseases are easy to eliminate, if you notice the symptoms in time and make a correct diagnosis. Having gotten rid of the source of infection, aquarists transplant the infected individual into a separate container, and conduct a course of treatment with special medicines and drugs.
This is interesting: Betta Fish, tied to the owner, allow you to lightly stroke your back. However, you should not get involved in this, otherwise the protective cover of Betta will be damaged.
Siamese Betta Fish. one of the most beautiful fish that abound in colorful colors and a variety of forms, while remaining a favorite type of many aquarists. Care and maintenance of Betta will not require a lot of time and energy of the owner, and watching the fish will give a lot of pleasant and joyful moments.