How to make a live feed with your own hands
Those of aquarists who are the happy owners of a spacious apartment, an empty attic, a garage or an empty space in the basement can take up the breeding of live food that the fish will willingly eat.
Self-dilution infusoria shoes
The infusoria slipper (Paramecium caudatum) is often the very first food for fish kids. Growing up, the fry begin to need another meal. Self-breeding of the simplest is not at all difficult; it is an effective and safe (without the risk of the spread of infections) method of obtaining food.
For reproduction to be successful, you need to make a nutrient medium in the tank for incubation. To do this, you can add the following products to the water:
- cream or milk;
- dried banana or pumpkin peels;
- a bunch of dried grass;
- sliced juicy carrot into circles;
- granulated combined feed for carp fish.
Readiness of the nutrient fluid can be determined by the appearance of the smell of fermentation.
There are several different methods of breeding shoes.
On banana peel
From a banana peel an excellent nutrient fluid is obtained.
Banana peel in advance is collected, dried and stored in a hermetically sealed jar. When it comes time to start breeding shoes, the aquarist pulls out a dry banana peel, rinses it thoroughly in clean water and lays it on the bottom of a three-liter can, in which it will incubate the simplest. On the container of this volume you need to take about 1/6 of the peel of one banana. There also is poured water, taken at the bottom of the current aquarium, in an amount of 100 ml.
Banana rind pour water
This water usually contains many ciliates, and this number of maternal individuals will be sufficient for their further reproduction. After that, the container is filled with settled water to the neck. An incubator can is placed on a window sill or in another place where it is light and the air temperature is above 20 ° C.
In the warm "nutritional soup" the number of shoes increases exponentially. The warmer the air in the room, the faster the process.
The largest number of protozoa is fixed approximately between the 14th and 21st days after the laying of the incubator. This high level of live dust in the water will stay for about 20 days, after which the numbers will gradually decline.
Video: breeding infusoria on a banana Method number 2
If replenishment is expected in the aquarium soon and the future fry need live food, you can get infusoria and faster. Dried banana peels are piled into a saucepan and poured over boiling water. When cooking, the proportions specified in method number 1 are observed. The mixture of liquid and crusts is left in a closed pan for infusion and cooling. Cooled steamed crusts (together with the liquid, where they were boiled), are poured into the incubator, a little aquarium bottom water (with infusoria) is added to the same place and topped up with water to the top.
As in the first case, a warm and lighted window sill is chosen for the incubator. In this case, the peak of breeding shoes should be expected on the sixth or seventh day. There will be a lot of them, but the simplest incubated in this way live for a very short time. Aquarists take this into account, and lay out several such rapidly developing incubator cans at regular intervals. This technique contributes to a large amount of live dust by the target date.
Cultivation of ciliates-shoes on the peel of a banana
In the dairy environment
This method is also simple. the simplest microorganisms multiply well in fermented milk medium. To this end, two drops of whole milk or cream (not sweet) for every liter of aqueous solution are added to the incubator tank every 7 days.
Milk or cream should be introduced into the aquatic environment only in the indicated proportions; when water is supersaturated with milk, the rapid proliferation of bacteria begins and, accordingly, their absorption of oxygen necessary for the existence of shoes. In the case when protozoa are grown on bacteria, they need good illumination.
On the hay
Take a few bunches of fresh and green grass, dried in the shade to the state of hay, and then finely chopped with a knife. We pour in 2.5 tbsp. spoon (10 g) chopped hay in a small saucepan and pour 1 liter of water, then bring to a boil and cook for 20 minutes over low heat. Boiling kills harmful microorganisms on the grass, but bacterial spores remain alive after heat treatment. At the end of the preparation of the lid, the decoction is left to infuse. After a few hours, 1 liter of distilled water is added.
Capacity expose in a warm and bright place to the development of spores of bacteria. On the fourth day, the bacterial spores will turn into hay sticks, on which the protozoa will multiply. When the infusion of hay is ready, it is cleaned in a cool, inaccessible daylight place.
The shelf life of this infusion is up to 30 days. As required, the stored infusion is poured into a container with the incubation of shoes, the simplest are happy to eat hay sticks.
Dilution of ciliates-shoes in the hay
Chlorella and algae scenessesmus are also well suited for this purpose. To get a nutrient medium, for each liter of these algae, add 1 pellet of a special combined feed for fish from the carp family. In the container with this solution make a little ciliates with water from the aquarium and put in a warm, but dark place. It should be borne in mind that protozoa grown in this way live in a semi-dark environment and do not like daylight, since they have negative phototaxis — they move away from the light source.
Algae feed aquarists use, growing capricious shade-loving inhabitants of the aquarium or their fry. The life span of protozoa derived from algae is approximately 20 days. If desired, this period can be extended. for this, a culture jar is placed in a colder place (refrigerator, basement). At temperatures above 10 ° C, protozoa die quickly in algae, the most suitable temperature for them is 3-10 ° C.
On the bottom water
Here is another effective, but not very well-known method of breeding shoes.
Weekly aquarist cleans the aquarium, while it collects the bottom water along with the waste of fish. This water is very good for producing ciliates. Dirty aquarium liquid is poured into bottles of light plastic and left in the sun. After some time, the liquid inside the bottles turns green (blooms), and a little later a green precipitate falls to the bottom of the containers. At this time, the liquid just teems with infusoria, if desired, they can be seen through a magnifying glass.
After falling out of the green sediment for seven days, the ciliates are not additionally fed, they feed on decaying green mass.
Home breeding other live food
In addition to ciliates, you can also breed other live food for your fish at home: daphnia, Artemia, rotifers, pipemaker and others.
Breeding Artemia at home
Artemia (Artemia salina). microscopic crustaceans that live in salt lakes. Before placing them in the aquarium, you should pour them on a sieve and thoroughly rinse with salt under running water. Artemia is suitable for most species of fish as food and is the safest living food, as well as the larvae of this crustacean, usually called nauplii. They are considered one of the best and cleanest fish food. They do not have parasites and bacteria, and a very high protein content. The inclusion of nauplii in fish food contributes to the health and growth of fish.
The instruction manual for the kit is very simple (for details, see the manufacturers instructions). For breeding need:
- a glass vessel of up to two liters
- water, sea salt,
- efficient aeration system
- light bulb or other light source
Artemia eggs are placed in well-aerated salt water, which has a temperature of 26-28 ° C, and nauplii swim out after about a day. They always go to a light source (light bulb), so they are easy to find and catch with a net. After cleansing rinsing in warm water, they can be given as feed to even very demanding fish.
Breeding Artemia at home
Breeding microscopic nematodes
Panagrellus, Turbatrix (Anguillula) and Rhabditis are microscopic nematodes. It is a nutritious food for teenage fry that can be grown at home. For breeding, you need a glass jar or a plastic container that holds oatmeal or wheat bread soaked in milk or yogurt. Also on the products need to be placed for breeding part of the nematodes. The temperature in the room where the micronematodes are diluted should be kept not lower than 20 ° C.
Breeding flies flies
The fruit fly, the Latin name for Drosophila. an insect with a body length of only 3-4 mm, breeds on rotting fruit residues. In late summer and autumn fruit fly can be found on overripe plums and apples.
It is most convenient to grow them in a bottle or a high jar, at the bottom of which are shredded fruits, grated carrots, boiled dried fruits, or a mixture of corn flour, baker’s yeast and mashed potatoes.
A bottle with a bait is installed in a place where a large number of Drosophila flyers is observed, and after a few days the neck of the bottle (with caught insects) is tightly tied with bandage or gauze. Flies living in the bottle lay eggs, from which the larvae hatch and eventually turn into pupae, and a little later. into adult insects. The entire development cycle of fruit flies can be observed with a magnifying glass, it lasts (depending on the species) from two to four weeks. The temperature for elimination of fruit flies should be between 20-24 ° C.
In the future, feeding for insects is made liquid and poured through gauze attached to the neck. With one such can for breeding, you can get from 200 to 300 insects per week. After 2 months, the jar is completely free from insects, well washed and made a fresh bookmark for the cultivation of fruit flies.
Before serving in an aquarium: flies are recommended (for deprivation of mobility) to fill in with water or to place in a freezer for several minutes. Immobilized fruit flies is an excellent food for adult fry. In addition, the fruit fly is an ideal food for all fish that feed on insects and food that swims on the surface of the water.
Pottery worms or enkhitreusy, in Latin Enchytraeidae, are thin, worm-coiled worms about 4 cm long, which feel best at a temperature of 12-18 ° С. This is a high-calorie and fatty food, it is eagerly eaten by both large breeds of fish and small carnivorous cichlids. Need to be calibrated through a dense sieve, the small fraction of the worms is used for additional feeding of fry.
Cultivation of earthworms
Homemade breeding earthworms:
- First of all, you need a container (a bucket or a tall box).
- At the bottom of the container lay white (in no case newsprint!) Paper or sawdust from hardwood trees, which are the source of food for the worms.
- Then the paper or sawdust layer covers approximately 20 cm of garden soil.
- All layers should be moist and moderately warm.
- About two weeks later, when the paper and sawdust will begin to decompose, food waste (vegetables, stale bread, flakes, cleaning, etc.) and a handful of earthworms for reproduction are placed there.
- Worms should be fed regularly, each new portion of the feed is placed directly on the soil substrate.
- The first portions of fish food can be obtained only in two months.
Earthworms can feed fish of almost all sizes and at any stages of development, as the worms can be cut, chopped or fed whole.
Video: instructions for breeding and growing earthworms at home
How to breed commercial feed
The tubule is a common cause of aquarium fish diseases, as it is a potential carrier of spores of fungal diseases, tapeworms and pathogenic bacteria. It is not surprising that an increasing number of aquarists (and not only professional breeders) no longer wish to consider the tiller as food for the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Euglena green (view Euglena viridis). usually found in spring in lakes and ponds. It is an excellent food source for newly hatched fry of herbivorous fish. It is also good as a valuable addition to the nutrition of the fry of omnivorous species of fish. It is possible to cultivate this culture of green algae in the form of water blooming, by placing a jar of stagnant water and a small amount of algae from the aquarium bottom in a sunny place. The alga is so small that even the smallest fry calmly swallow it.
Cockles, colloquially Cyclops (family Cyclopidae). their maximum size is not more than 3 mm. Cyclops swim in zigzags, diagonal or horizontal jumps. They are well-balanced, low-calorie and rich in mineral salts feed, and also (due to their small size). safe food for all fish with a small mouth. Cyclops have only one, but a significant drawback: its larvae are so predatory and voracious that they can easily attack fry.
Daphnia (view Daphnia magna). small crustaceans, move in a characteristic manner: jump up, then free fall. Daphnia females are up to 5 mm in diameter, but smaller specimens are usually found. Daphnia coloration ranges from translucency to red. They readily feed on microscopic algae. Not all species of fish equally love them. for example, cichlids with daphnia are not very interested.
These crustaceans are excellent food for fish that do not contribute to overfeeding. Daphnia chitin shells belong to the ballast substances that facilitate the digestion of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Chitin has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract of fish, especially carnivorous species. In turn, the carotenoids present in the body of Daphnia, increase the brightness of staining of scales and fins. Live daphnids and cyclops can be stored in the refrigerator for several days. However, in order for them to be fresh and suitable for fish consumption, it is necessary to regularly replace water in a container with plankton and remove dead specimens that accumulate at the bottom of the container.
Bloodworm (species Chironomus plumosus). This is a mosquito larva, which is eagerly eaten by most aquarium fish. Bloodworm is very high in calories, so its overeating fish can be the cause of obesity of the internal organs or intestinal upset. You can not feed the fish with bloodworms too often, optimally. once a week. At the same time, some species of fish (cichlids) can consume moth much more often. The larvae of the moths have a cherry-red body, the color of which corresponds to an excess of hemoglobin.
Black larvae (Culex pipiens) and malaria (Anopheles maculipennis) mosquitoes. especially recommended for feeding small species of fish and adolescent juveniles of the most carnivorous fish. They are massively present in any water bodies (artificial reservoirs) where fish are not found. These larvae have high nutritional value. Females of many species of fish, abundantly and often feeding on black mosquito larvae, become more prolific. However, you should avoid getting too many live larvae in the aquarium, as they may soon turn into mosquitoes.
When feeding aquarium fish with live food, there is always a risk of infection. To avoid this, you need to follow a number of rules.
How to feed the fish live feed
Seven basic principles of feeding:
- Do not give a lot of feed. it is better to feed more often, but in smaller portions.
- Use a varied diet.
- At least once a week, give live food or frozen food. then your players will be bright and active.
- Once a week, arrange a fasting day. this will improve the overall health and vitality of your fish (this rule does not apply to fry).
- Calibrate feed. the diameter of the fish mouth is decisive here.
- Make sure all fish have access to food and eat.
- Do not give food before going to turn off the light in the room.
Video: feeding aquarium fish frozen moth
The debate among aquarists between live and frozen food supporters has been going on for many years, and there is no indication that it will be over soon. It cannot be denied that all live nutritious foods can also be frozen. Most of the living crustaceans, larvae and worms used to feed aquarium fish are sold frozen. They can be brought home and immediately placed in the freezer of a home refrigerator, and then get out of food as needed.
Proponents of frozen foods argue that the risk of disease and infection of fish in this case is much reduced. Their opponents answer that nowadays, the larvae of mosquitoes and blackflies come for sale mainly from commercial farms free from industrial and bacterial contamination, and supporters of live food independently breed them at home. Having tried different types of food, you can decide for yourself what suits you personally.
Freezing live food
How to store and apply feed:
- Storage of frozen foods is very convenient: they take up less space than live food, are always edible, always at hand.
- Feeding live dust is carried out by taking water with protozoa using a pipette and placing it in an aquarium. Ciliates. great food for the fry of many species of fish.
- Never place frozen feed cubes directly in the aquarium. Such food must first be thawed, washed under running water and brought to a temperature close to room temperature. only then it can be fed to the fish.
- Live daphnids and cyclops can be stored in the refrigerator for several days. To keep them fresh and suitable for consumption by small fish, it is necessary to regularly replace the water in the container with plankton, and also to remove dead individuals from the bottom of the container.
- Aquarists involved in the incubation of live food. the easiest way, their fish food is always at hand and stored perfectly (live and fresh).
Live food contains many ingredients necessary for the normal life of aquarium fish and the development of their immune system. This cannot be achieved using only artificial and dry food. And as we have seen, it is not that difficult to make food yourself. We wish you vivacity, beauty and health to the inhabitants of your aquarium!
Video: live food for aquarium fish own breeding
Feedback from web users about live feed for aquarium fish
The only dangerous worm, in my opinion, is the tube maker. To rinse it, it is necessary to keep the week under running water, which of course not many people do, hence the victims. There is a wonderful worm Koretra))) I love to feed them, I think the safest. They are very difficult to overfeed and live long in the refrigerator. I have never had any problems with him.