The frequency of feeding and the menu of aquarium fish is influenced by their age and type, so for the proper organization of the diet it is important to understand how the fish feed in their natural habitat and try to repeat it as much as possible. Aquarium pets can be fed with both dry specialized food and live food (various insects). In case of emergency (if there is no feed), it is allowed to give ordinary fish food.
All aquarium fish differ in feeding method:
- Herbivorous fish have a long digestive tract, so they prefer to eat often, but the portions should be small. In their natural habitat, such creatures eat parts of plants, algae, seeds, and fruits of plants.
- Carnivores have a voluminous stomach, but their food is digested for a long time. Such fish need to be given food rarely, but in large portions. In nature, carnivorous fish feed on the corpses of animals, birds, small fish.
- Omnivorous fish can eat food of both protein and vegetable origin. These fish need to be fed several times a day.
Live food is suitable for carnivorous and omnivorous fish. This type includes the bloodworm, pipe maker, daphnia, rotifers, gammarus, ciliates and cortex. Live food spoils quickly, so it needs to be stored in the freezer. Such food is especially recommended for fry, as protein increases resistance to diseases. As an alternative, you can give a calf’s heart, chicken liver, eggs, invertebrate meat, fish or ground beef, frozen and grated on a fine grater. In the role of the vegetable component, algae, fruits, parts of plants and vegetables, and cereals can be used to feed the herbivorous and omnivorous fish.
Once a week, pets need to arrange a hungry day. It helps eliminate the effects of overeating, cleans the digestive system. In nature, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day mini-hunger strike will not harm them.
Novice aquarists often make the mistake of starting to feed the fish in an aquarium with exclusively dry food. Such food brings little benefit to pets, contains almost no nutrients and is very poorly digested. Hungry fish pounce on him and swallow greedily, but the food remains in the stomach for a long time and begins to rot there. Not eaten food dissolves in water and worsens its chemical composition.
When feeding fish dry food quickly pollutes the water in the aquarium, which causes the development of a variety of microorganisms in it. In modern feed contains many useful components, but they need to be used very carefully.
Variety of dry feed for aquarium fish
Another common mistake is a monotonous diet. Dry feed must be properly combined with each other and periodically changed. Also it is necessary to take into account that only a small part of aquarium fish belongs to the herbivorous, most of them are predators.
Live food is considered one of the best feeding options. It provides the fish with all the necessary nutrients. But even with this type of feeding there are dangers:
- in the aquarium, you can bring the disease;
- poor quality product can poison the fish;
- bloodworm is poorly digested, so it should not be given too often.
For disinfection, live food can be frozen, which will kill a significant part of the pathogens. Some types of live food, for example, a pipemaker, can be cleaned by washing 2-3 times a day during the week. After this procedure, the tubule becomes pink and then it can be given to pets with the help of special feeders.
Live Feed Feeder
Live food is especially necessary for feeding fry and adults before spawning: the first one boosts immunity and has a rapid growth, while adult fish are more willing to spawn.
Frozen live feed for aquarium fish
If it is not possible to store and often buy live food, freezing will be a good option. Frozen food can be purchased already prepared and packaged in separate portions. This feeding option has several advantages:
- light dosage per serving;
- composition as in live food;
- easy to store;
- does not spoil.
It is advisable to use vegetable components for feeding not only herbivorous fish, but also carnivorous ones. The only exceptions are predatory species. As well as dry food, vegetable nutrition can be in the form of flakes, tablets or pellets.
As a vegetative element it is possible to give small fishes of grain Before this, the product should be thoroughly rinsed, rinsed with boiling water and cooled. Some species of inhabitants of the aquarium can eat semolina.
The entire feeding process should take 3 to 5 minutes. This time is enough for the pets to eat, but did not have time to get fed up.
If there are particles of food, they need to catch a net so that they do not settle on the bottom. Otherwise, they begin to decompose, which spoils the aquarium water and stimulates the development of harmful vegetation. From the decay of food residues, the concentration of nitrates in the water increases, causing poisoning of plants and fish.
Dry Food Feeder
The size of the food particles should match the size of the fish. Therefore, dry food in the form of pellets, flakes or tablets at home should be ground to dust to feed the fry. For adults, feed particles should be larger. Properly pour food into special feeders and distribute it over the entire surface of the aquarium so that both active and slow animals have access.
Depending on the breed, the mode of feeding fish may vary. Approximate diet:
Aquarium fish Betta Fish
Neon aquarium fish
Aquarium fish swordtail
The frequency of feeding depends on the type and age of the fish. Adult pets need to be fed twice, at least once a day. Fry in the first month of life are fed 4–6 times a day, and then, up to two months of age, they switch to 4 meals a day.
2 weeks before spawning, adult pets increase the proportion of live food, and during, on the contrary, reduce. In the first days after reproduction, food is stopped completely. In the morning after turning on the light, the feeding is done in about an hour. In the evening, the inhabitants of the aquarium are fed 2-3 hours before the lights go out. Agamixes, catfish and other fish with nightly activity are fed at dusk.
Food is given simultaneously to all the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Approximate feeding scheme:
- Monday and Tuesday give only dry food;
- Wednesday. live food in the form of moth and artemia;
- Thursday and Friday are dry foods;
- Saturday. live food in the form of a tubule and daphnia with a small amount of duckweed as a plant component;
- Sunday is a hungry day.
The proposed scheme can be modified. But be sure to feed the fish a variety of food.
In emergency situations, when the food suddenly ended, you can use ordinary food to feed the inhabitants of the aquarium. To feed large individuals, carefully washed and crushed earthworms will do. They can be given in small quantities to completely satisfy hunger. As an alternative to live food, if necessary, you can use lean raw meat without streaks. It must first be scraped with a knife.
For carp and labyrinth fish, it is allowed to use porridge in an exceptional case when there are no other food options. Especially good to eat such fish buckwheat, semolina or wheat porridge. The croup is strongly boiled soft, and then washed with plenty of water until complete removal of mucus. Bread as food can not be used, as it gets wet very quickly and begins to decompose. After hitting the bread, it is often necessary to completely replace the water in the aquarium in order to restore its normal operation.