It is amazing how many people in the world strictly follow a diet and regularly support their health with vitamins, and at the same time give their fish only ready-made food, and of one kind.
Such feeds can be compiled on the basis of scientific recommendations and include a huge amount of nutrients, but they are only simple substitutes (and often inferior) of what fish find and natural conditions. Do not think that we are against the finished feed, quite the opposite. However, one thing should be very clear: ready-made food is usually sufficient for normal existence, while live food in frozen or freeze-dried form is absolutely necessary for bringing fish to spawn.
For each type of fish need a certain feed. Let’s talk about the basic rules of feeding.
The size of the feed should match the size of the fish. If they do not cope with food or chew it, spit it out, it means that it is unsuitable. The size of feed for fry should be approximately equal to the size of their eyes. Bloodworm, tubule and enhitreya can be given cut into small pieces. Some aquarists do not feed a pipemaker with valuable fish for fear of poisoning.
Feed quality is of the utmost importance. Therefore, dry food should be really dry, and not sticking together, living organisms. to be active. Frozen feed should be fed immediately after thawing.
The amount of food needed by the fish is determined by amateurs on the basis of their own observations. Live food is best given in small portions. Feed should be given in small portions several times a day. One-time feeding of a triple in volume portion does not equal three more modest feedings. Initially, the fish pounce on him, then their activity drops markedly and, therefore, you can stop feeding. If the dry food placed in the feed ring is not eaten within 5 minutes, the remnants should be removed with a net and reduced further. You should always remember that it is better not to feed than to overfeed the fish, otherwise they will be worse painted, become lethargic, stop spawning, their lifespan will noticeably decrease. Fish should be given a variety of food, constantly alternating it.
Adult fish should be fed 1-2 times a day, at the earliest one hour after turning on the light and at the latest one hour before turning it off. You must ensure that everything is eaten completely within 15-20 minutes. The daily ration should be 5% by weight of the fish. The feeding place should be permanent. Remnants of uneaten food should be removed, this is especially important when using stale feed, as they can cause such unpleasant phenomena as turbidity of water, soil rot, appearance of foul-smelling algae. Therefore, they need to be immediately assembled with a hose. Once a week you need to arrange a hungry day. Fry should be fed as often as possible.
Here are six of the most important rules to follow when feeding aquarium fish:
1. When feeding, be guided by the requirements of the fish, and not by your own desires.
2. It is desirable to feed (better, of course, live) a variety of feed, making the most of the possibilities of each season. Live food in its raw form is more beneficial than boiled. Even the best feed is no good if it does not alternate with other feed.
3. Do not feed too plentifully! Remains of feed spoil the water. In aquariums, fish are more likely to die from obesity than from malnutrition. Determine how much live fish feed is able to quickly eat, and never give them more than the norm. Fish that eat right can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm.
4. If possible, feed several times a day.
5. The size of the feed should correspond to the size of the fish. Large fish will starve if they are fed small food; For small fish, large feed is too tough, they cannot swallow it.
6. Watch the fish during feeding, at this point it is easiest to distinguish sick fish from healthy ones.
The size of the feed should match the size of the fish.
Live food is best given in small portions several times a day.
Hunger can have a beneficial effect on the sexual activity of fish and even help restore the ability to reproduce. Fasting normalizes the biochemical processes in the body, helps to eliminate poisons and slags, utilize fatty and weakened, painfully modified tissues, and resorption of female genital products remaining in the body (unwashed caviar), without which a new portion of caviar cannot be formed.
Famous companies for the production of artificial feed:
- Nutra fin
These firms have proven their best. They use natural ingredients and technologies that preserve the nutritional value of feed.
By the nature of fish nutrition can be divided into three types:
- animal-eating (feeding on invertebrates);
- herbivorous (eat plants);
- predatory (feed on fish, invertebrates).
Some animal-eaters feed on young, often their own.
Ways to feed the fish.
Most fish take food on the surface of the water, some in the middle layers, others at the bottom of the aquarium. Food eaten by fish is used to maintain its vital functions: movement, respiration, and metabolism. This feed is called supportive. Food that goes on increasing the mass is called producing. The older the fish, the more feed will go to support its vital functions.
Fish feed at different times. Some eat during the day, others at dusk or at night. Predatory fish lurk in shelters, waiting for the prey. After the hunt may not have a few days.
Fish adapt to the feeding regime. It is considered normal two meals a day in the evening and in the morning. Underfeeding is bad and overfeeding is even worse.