Feeding fish living in an aquarium is not a difficult task, but it does require some skill in selecting and dosing feed.
The daily diet of fish should be balanced and completely satisfy their need for nutrients, vitamins, microelements.
In order to figure out how to properly feed aquarium fish, you need to understand what features of the structure and behavior of pets can affect their dietary preferences.
According to their food priorities aquarium fish are divided into herbivores, predators and omnivores , that must be considered when settling the aquarium. The easiest content is omnivorous fish, which are happy to eat both plant and animal food.
Predators and "vegetarians" have significant differences in the structure of the digestive system.
In herbivorous fish the stomach is small, the food from it quickly goes into the long intestine, where its final digestion takes place. "Herbivores" are ready to eat all the time and can swallow food that is not typical of them in natural conditions, for example, koretra. However, an excess of protein feed can cause intoxication in herbivorous fish. It is better to feed fish that prefer vegetable food in small portions 3-4 times a day.
Predatory fish , unlike herbivores, they have a voluminous stomach, which is able to hold prey whole, and then slowly digest it, so it’s enough to feed predator fish once a day.
To better understand how to properly feed aquarium fish, you need to submit, where and how to “produce” food representatives of one or another species.
So, some species of aquarium fish feed on food that has fallen to the bottom, others “catch” food particles in the middle layers of water, and still others. float to feed on the surface.
Feeding fish should be carried out so that all the inhabitants of the aquarium got their portion of food. For example, if food particles are too heavy, then the fish that feed on the surface will remain hungry, and the bottom-dwellers after such a feast may encounter problems with overeating.
Binge eating may cause intestinal inflammation, abdominal distention, obesity and premature death in aquarium inhabitants. And regular malnutrition, that is nutritional deficiencies , reduces the vital activity of fish, adversely affects their appearance and ability to produce offspring.
The size of the food particles should match the size of the fish.
Feed amount , necessary at one time is determined empirically. If the food is not eaten in 5-10 minutes, then its quantity was excessive. Remnants must be removed from the aquarium to avoid contamination of water and soil.
Well-established feeding of fish is not in the amount of food offered to fish, but in its quality, that is, balance and suitability for this type of fish.
Now, when clarity in the question: "How to feed aquarium fish?". You can proceed to consider the types of existing feed.
Dry food produced in the form of flakes and granules. Dry foods are different in composition, can be universal or target a specific type of fish. There are also feeds with sinking particles. for bottom fish or, on the contrary, long-lasting buoyancy.
To preserve the proper quality of food, you need to store in a tightly closed container, following the instructions on the packaging.
Live feed – coretur, bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia.
Live foods are distinguished by their high nutritional value and vitamin content. However, when using live food there is a high risk of infection of the inhabitants of the aquarium with diseases and parasites. It is possible to reduce the likelihood of aquarium fish infection by freezing live food, or by purchasing ready-made frozen food.
Frozen feed , those who have undergone special treatment during production are safer for the inhabitants of the aquarium. Frozen feed must be properly used.
The amount of feed needed for one feeding of fish is defrosted immediately before serving. After full defrosting, all the released liquid is drained, as if it enters the aquarium, it can lead to water pollution.
We hope that the presented material will be useful for aquarium owners who want to make feeding their fish in their aquarium as safe and efficient as possible.