Many novice aquarists are turning their attention to buying small aquariums. But for a beginner, choosing a small aquarium would be a big mistake.
With a small volume of aquarium water parameters can change very quickly. It is very easy to make a mistake in the maintenance of the aquarium, which will be fatal to the fish.
Experienced aquarists periodically face the standard problems of small aquariums. For beginners, it is better to avoid such aquariums before gaining experience in aquarism. Remember! The larger the aquarium, the less your errors affect it and the fish. In the article I will describe the most common mistakes novice aquarists.
Late settlement of the aquarium
Many newcomers are in a hurry to run aquarium fish in a new aquarium. Some beginners are lucky, but most beginners quickly lose some of the running fish. What is the problem? The problem lies in the lack of established biological equilibrium and not working nitrogen cycle. Aquarium can not cope with the waste of fish, which leads to severe poisoning with ammonia and derivatives.
A new aquarium should stand a couple of weeks before the launch of the fish, which will stabilize many processes occurring in the aquarium soil and water.
Single launch of a large number of fish
The next error lies in the simultaneous launch of too many fish. Until a biological equilibrium is established, the aquarium will not bear the full load of the fish. It is recommended to start a pair of unpretentious fish at the initial stage of the life of the aquarium. Wait for the growth of ammonia and nitrite values and their subsequent reduction to zero, which will indicate a working nitrogen cycle and steady biological equilibrium. Then you can run the remaining fish.
Overcrowding aquarium fish
Even after a successful launch of the aquarium, beginners populate the aquarium so much that it becomes like a tin can of sprats. An experienced aquarist knows how to keep 20 fish in a conditional 10-liter aquarium. For a novice aquarium, the consequences of such overpopulation will be disastrous. The fish will die, and the aquarium will die.
There is a basic criterion that allows you to calculate the allowable number of fish in the volume of a particular aquarium.
Incompatibility of species and different conditions of detention
Many beginners pick up fish in their appearance, not knowing all the features of the behavior of the selected fish. Fish can fight among themselves and terrorize the neighbors in the aquarium. Different types of fish may require different housing conditions and feeding regimes. Some fish require hard water, while others need soft water.
It is necessary to choose so that they get along with their neighbors, and at the same time have similar requirements for care and maintenance.
Overfeeding fish in a new aquarium
Perhaps the most common mistake is overfeeding your fish. Fish are always looking for food, but this does not mean that they are hungry and need to be fed around the clock. Serve so much food that the fish eat it completely in five minutes.
During the launch of the aquarium, feed the fish no more than once a day. In case of sudden jumps in ammonia and nitrite levels, reduce the frequency of feeding and the amount of feed given. Fish easily do without food for several days.
The aquarium filter should pump the volume of the aquarium three times per hour. It is better to overly filter the water than to under-filter it. When the aquarium is overpopulated, a low-powered filter will not cope with water purification, which will lead to outbreaks of diseases and the aquarium’s decay.
Lack of control of water parameters
Beginners have no clue about the nitrogen cycle. Beginners do not monitor the chemical composition of aquarium water, and skip jumps in the concentration of harmful substances, such as ammonia or nitrite. The failure to monitor leads to the fact that one fine morning the fish float up belly due to the extreme value of ammonia, hydrogen sulfide or ammonium.
No water changes
Few beginners are aware of the need for regular water changes. Lack of water changes leads to an increase in the concentration of harmful substances, which is further aggravated by a weak aquarium filter and excessive feed. The consequences for fish can be fatal, especially for fry.