Guppies are perfect if your child asks for an aquarium. The small size of the fish will allow to contain 5. 7 pieces in an aquarium of 15 to 30 liters mounted on a desk. With a low density of fish and the presence of undemanding living plants, you can refuse filtering and aeration of water. The main thing is not to forget, in this case, to do more often water changes and clean the soil.
Guppy. Red Flamingo
Additional lighting is of course necessary, but a desk lamp is quite suitable as an evening light. You can feed dry or industrial feed from the jar. Fish can easily endure a week-long hunger strike in your absence, and you don’t need to be better fed to their neighbors, occasional overfeeding, with good intentions, can lead to water spoilage and fish death. As you can see, the time and financial costs in this case are not great.
Currently guppy fishes in nature, common in most warm freshwater bodies. They were spread artificially, in order to fight the anopheles mosquito, as they happily eat their larvae. Originally existed in Brazil, Venezuela and Guiana. There are local populations even in Russia, in places of dumping of warm drains. The beginning of them, apparently, gave aquarists who released there fish.
In aquariums breed a huge number of guppies, differing in color, shape of fins and tail. The source material is taken from different natural reservoirs. As a rule, therefore, it is almost impossible to systematize them. There are many variations of the tail fin: a round tail fin, two swords, top and bottom, one sword, radish, lyre. The upper fin can be scarf, even descending to the tail fin. Monotonous colors are spectacular: completely black. black prince, red. red albino, green-malachite. Moscow malachite, blue. Moscow blue. Beautiful marble guppies with tails painted black and white or black and yellow small spots.
In different countries there are a huge number of associations of guppy lovers who are fond of selection of these wonderful fish. The largest is the International Guppy Breeding Council, which unites 12 Western European countries. He developed the most detailed selection standards and annually hosts international exhibition competitions.
Guppy. maintenance and care
Guppy. Blue Neon
Guppies are quite unpretentious., and the maintenance of rootless fish does not cause labor at all. The composition of the water and the quality of food they are not demanding. But if you want to have purebred males with large fins and tails, then the conditions of detention should be ideal for them. The water most suitable on hardness. 6-10 °. The optimum temperature is 24 ° C, although the range in which these fish can live is quite large 18-30 ° C. It is desirable to change one-third of the water once a week to a separated temperature of the same temperature. Adding salt at the rate of a teaspoon per 10 liters of water is useful. Despite the fact that a pair of adult fish can even live in a three-liter jar, for the maintenance of elite guppy fish aquariums of 50 liters are used at the rate of 1 liter of water per male and 2 liters per female, if there is intensive aeration and filtration of water.
Guppy female with dyed tail and upper fin
Guppies males can bully each other when fighting for a female, but usually such collisions do not lead to serious injuries. But when the content with other species may be a problem. These fish themselves are small and harmless. And therefore may suffer from other, larger and nimble neighbors. This is especially true for males with huge tails. Keep together they can only with peace-loving small species. Even with small barbs, there are already problems. Given the variety of shapes and colors of this common fish, it is best to keep it in a specific aquarium.
In order to obtain intense coloration of males, lighting is essential. We need not only long-term additional lighting, but also the presence of natural sunlight in the morning or in the evening. These fish in the home aquarium evenly inhabit all layers of water. Feeding a guppy is simple enough. They are always hungry and ready to eat any kind of food. But if you use a variety of high-quality live food and specialized commercial, it will increase the speed of their growth and brightness of color. These fish live in aquariums for a short time, for several years. The lifetime is highly dependent on temperature. The higher the temperature of the content, the faster the metabolic processes and the shorter the life of the fish. In the aquarium must be overgrown plants and free space for swimming. Plants provide shelter for females from overly annoying males. And in the case of breeding in the general aquarium. a refuge for fry. Guppies require a plant supplement, so they gladly pluck algae from plants and stones.
Guppy. breeding and breeding
Female guppy before giving birth
"Pregnancy" females lasts 35-45 days, depending on water temperature. The number of fry in females varies. It depends on her age, size and feeding. For the first time, females toss about a dozen fry, and the old ones right up to one hundred.
These fish are "bad" parents, they will readily eat their own young if they are hungry. Therefore, if you are planning to get offspring, the female should give birth to a separate special vessel with a large number of small-leaved plants before giving birth.
A few days before giving birth, the female’s abdomen greatly increases and becomes square. As soon as the fry are swept up, it must be removed. In a well-balanced aquarium a lot fry guppy survive unsupervised, hiding in dense vegetation, and as soon as they grow up, they will be safe, but due to the lack of food in the general aquarium, the fish will have small fins and soft coloring.
When used for breeding adult large males with large fins and tail, fertilization problems may occur due to their slow movements. In this case, it is better to use young males that are more nimble, or to plant the desired pair into a separate small aquarium. In the general aquarium, young males always have an advantage when mating.
For feeding juvenile guppies, you can use any feed that is suitable in size. Given that large fry are born, there are no problems. To obtain high-quality copies of food, there should be a variety of food, and in a nursery aquarium you need to keep it clean and periodically change some of the water.
When breeding these beautiful fish there is one difficulty. As soon as the young begin to determine their sex, the males should be transplanted to another aquarium. It is necessary to keep track of the forming males very carefully, since even one accidentally not seen will be able to fertilize all the females. And with an arbitrary crossing the color line and the shape of the fins will not succeed. For breeding, select the best, in body shape and color, a couple or several fish, and keep them constantly in a small aquarium. As you can see, for breeding purebred guppies, you must have several aquariums.
When growing guppy fry there is another feature. Young fishes grow long enough, but a young male who has reached sexual maturity and stained, practically ceases to grow. The higher the water temperature, the faster the males mature. At 30 ° C, this takes three months, then the male almost ceases to grow and remains small. At 22 ° C males mature much longer, but they have time to grow larger.
Recently on the forums often appear messages about the aggressiveness of fish, which were always considered peaceful. They write this about guppies. It is clear that such small fish will not risk attacking larger neighbors, but between themselves, in a flock, the relationship can get hot. In this case, it is worth paying attention to the conditions of their existence. Aggression can increase dramatically with a high density of fish in the aquarium, low water quality and a large amount of organic compounds in it, diseases that cause pain in fish. Aggression can provoke a lack of oxygen and harmful chemicals trapped in water. Therefore, the first thing to do in this case is to improve the living conditions of your pets.
A species of guppy discovered by researcher John Endler in one of the Venezuelan reservoirs. As it turned out later, this little nimble fish lives in just a few places in this country and is not found anywhere else in the world in the wild.
Outwardly and in structure, the Guppy Endler is very similar to the ordinary Guppy. Only she is somewhat smaller and does not have such a gorgeous tail. These varieties easily interbreed with each other, while smaller and nimble Endler males have a distinct advantage. This suggests that we are dealing with a local guppy branch that developed in isolation and adverse living conditions reduced the size of animals.
As already stated above, the Endler guppy is about one centimeter less than its larger counterpart and does not have a veil tail. The conditions of their maintenance are about the same, and given the small size, the size of the reservoir can be further reduced. For feeding you need to use small food, so that the fish would not choke. Cyclops, microworm and small daphnids will do. Industrial feed is better to grind. It is advisable to feed your pets with vegetable feed.
The reproduction of these fish is no different from ordinary guppies. Only fry they throw more often and less, adult females usually no more than a few dozen. Feeding juveniles does not cause problems. In order to maintain the cleanliness of the Endler line, pets must be kept separately or with fishes, with which they cannot interbreed. In addition, neighbors should be very small and peaceful.