Fish do not require special care, it is important that there are 2. 3 females on the male, this will prevent the female from stalking and the enmity of the males among themselves. For 15-20 individuals, a 40-liter aquarium is enough. Any kind of soil is acceptable; natural is better suited, it is possible to collect sand with small stones on a river or a lake, a thin layer of soil is sufficient.
Aquarium vegetation is obligatory, fish will bite plants, receiving nutrients, guppy fry will be able to hide in them.
What is the best feed for guppies that many novice aquarists are interested in; this is a simple matter, but you need to know the needs to avoid overfeeding. For the cultivation of high-quality decorative offspring proper nutrition is invaluable. Produce daily three meals a day, one time is not enough for a balanced diet.
The best foods for guppy fish:
Live food (guppies love this kind of food): bloodworm, daphnia, tubule worms (contain a lot of proteins), fruit flies. In winter, they give frozen cyclop, bloodworm, salty, soaked fodder.
Plant food. Habilitate it on fasting days, give the right size. Fresh nettle leaves of nettle, lettuce, spinach, sea kale are suitable. Sometimes bread, biscuits, slightly overcooked semolina and rolled oats are allowed.
Dry feed. Gammarus, daphnia are used as additional, mixed with trivitaminom A, C, E (3 drops for the size of food from a matchbox) or fish oil (a few drops).
Turbid water with frequent replacements indicates overfeeding, i.e. too frequent feeding.
- Manifestations of overfeeding:
- The appearance of the "tummy" and a convex chest in males indicates too high-calorie diet. It is necessary to reduce the amount of food, replace nutritious foods with a beef heart, cut into slices and low-fat ham;
- Stretching thread of excrement. a sign of intestines clogged with overeating;
- The muddy, dirty water of an aquarium speaks of excess nutrition and waste. Then they change 25-30% of the liquid once a week, when they are overpopulated with fish, more often.
Feed must be varied and chopped. Constant feeding with dry food discolors the fish, the tail loses its veil look, causes disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. Feeding of adults of different sexes by “drying” leads to infertility. Exceptions are high-quality, balanced special guppy food. A complete, rich and diverse food will make pets even more beautiful.
It should learn to distinguish the sex of fish. The male is much smaller, has a fluffy tail, an elongated body, colored fins. Females. with rounded shapes, faded torso, colorful tail. Individuals reach sexual maturity at the same time at the age of 5-6 months.
Guppies breed frequently. The male chases the female for a long time, at the moment when she is tired, in a fraction of a second she fertilizes her with the help of the anal fin. After a couple of days, a small black dot will appear under the tail of the female, indicating successful fertilization, after a couple of weeks small eyes will be visible inside the expectant mother.
The female bears fry 35-50 days after fertilization, depending on the temperature of the water. Before giving birth, 2-3 days before the birth of fry, the fish begins to lead a sedentary lifestyle, refuses to eat. With such symptoms, the female is immediately deposited in a separate container, a three-liter jar fits, this is done so that the inhabitants of the aquarium do not eat the brood during the birth. The number of calves depends on the age of the female; the younger. the smaller, in the last couple of times before death, the female can give birth to up to fifty fry. After hatching, the female is returned to the main aquarium: she can eat the offspring, competing with him for food.
Given the simple care of the fish, guppies are ideal for beginner breeders without burdening the owner with unnecessary trouble.