In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet. What do all the fish usually eat?
Quick transition on the article
- Herbivores. these fish have a long digestive system, which indicates the habit of often eating small portions. In their natural habitat, they eat algae, plants, fruits, and seeds.
- Carnivores. have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
- Omnivorous. the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both vegetable and protein foods.
See how to make vegetable food for aquarium fish.
The latter mechanisms relate mainly to marine species. Freshwater herbivorous fish may have the same mechanisms, but periodically require animal protein to prevent weight loss. In general, they prefer fruits, seeds, swallowing a few leaves.
Fish that chooses food of animal origin. Carnivorous freshwater fish strongly feed insects, where they are abundant in nature all year round, especially during flooding. Cannibalism in nature is an important use among species because it acts as a form of self-control of the population. Here are the species that have the habit of feeding other fish, shellfish, insects, and all other types of living food.
Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. It is a bloodworm, a pipe worker, a daphnia, a coretera, an infusorium, rotifers, and gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they quickly deteriorate. Fish fry need to be grown on live food, due to protein, they become resistant to diseases. Also, as a live feed, small fishes are served with veal, minced fish, chicken meat, liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs. Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish. these can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereal porridge.
Fish based on vegetables and animal feed. They may have a tendency to plant or animal subject, varying from species to species. Herbivorous plants with vegetable consumption, considered to be a lower energy value, do not require much effort to produce it.
In general, it is a fish that combines food based on vegetables and animals. Fish that feed on organic animals deal with decay or vegetable matter during fermentation. Fish, absorbing substrate formed by mud or sand. The substrate comes from the fact that it contains its food base, and the samples of these fish have a digestive system adapted for its selection.
Once a week, the fish are satisfied with a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleans the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, helps to heal sick fish. In the natural environment, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.
About the regime of feeding in captivity
To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them. Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.
Some vitamins and their functions. There is no rule to give an exact amount of food. In general, feed your fish two or three times a day in small portions that can be consumed in less than 5 minutes. Over time, you can find out how much your fish will satisfy. This secondary rule applies to an aquarium for different types of fish, whether for tanks of the same type or hospital aquariums, it should be more reasonable, based on the needs and demands of the species or the moment.
He talks about the evolution of fish, when in the wild, he usually eats everything that fits in his stomach, when he does not know when his next meal will be. However, it is a mistake to compare the feeding of fish when they are in their natural environment with aquarized fish. In the aquarium, we need to know when the next meal will be, and strictly control the amount.
No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often? Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them. Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.
It is easier to kill fish by overeating than talking about fasting, and also to pollute water with leftovers and have problems in the future with water quality. A hungry fish is a healthy fish, but never overdo it. An important point is associated with the growth of fish, is associated with the amount of food provided. Know that any and all fish adapts to the amount we provide, adapting your growth rate to the quantity. Quality food will make your fish grow faster using less food.
Common types of food. Daphnia: live lyophilized food rich in nutrients, minerals and proteins. Also known as the water flea, another crustacean that lives in waters rich in organic matter and reproduced with ease. They can be found in clean swampy pools. This is a small annelid that usually grows in muddy or wastewater. Granulated grain: serves as the basis for all types of fish, each with its own specialty. Cereals: The same as grains, they contain vitamins according to the manufacturer. They are usually supplied for small and medium sized fish. Mosquito larvae: Although it is not so rich in food, it should be given as an adjunct to other living foods and serve well for surface fish or half water. It can be easily obtained by leaving a container with open water, where flies will lay eggs. Be careful not to confuse these larvae with dragonfly larvae, because they are predatory hunters and can kill smaller fish. Infusion: Nothing is more than a broth with a few simple organisms consisting of just one bulletin. Found in swamps and waters, their creation is relatively easy. Just put lettuce leaves and cabbage in a bowl of clean water and leave for 48 hours in the dark. Just do not leave too much time to not rot, making it unfit for consumption. Great food for fry. This is a small diptera and fast-growing life cycle. The advantage of diversity without wings is that they are more manageable. They are found in freshwater and muddy bushes, where a lot of decomposing organic matter. Ideal for fry and small fish. They live in a creamy environment based on grain flour and oats. A very good option for ensuring adult fish to spawn or even fry. Another great safe source of energy. Bloodworm or red mosquito larvae: these are mosquito larvae easily recognized by their sharp buzz. Usually these larvae live on the muddy grounds of waters with little or no current, mainly in summer. Grape worms: This is a nematode worm up to 4 mm in size, if they grow in half 50% of apple cider vinegar and 50% of water and a small amount of sugar. Another great food for fry. It is used to feed dry, used aquatic reptiles. Fish, although they do not admire dry, can quickly develop their hunting instinct when it comes to life. It is easily found in flooded vegetation and is always hidden among the algae. Usually used as live food for medium and large fish. Also used for small fish in small pieces.
- The perfect meal for most ornamental fish, mostly live.
- Artemia cysts are indicated for fry.
Not recommended, with some exceptions.
Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust. Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust. In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.
Although they are an excellent source of protein and vitamins, they do not have enough other sources that have proper rations. You should provide sporadically, with the exception of, in fact, carnivorous fish that require regular feeding or fish that refuse dry food before fully adapting to the aquarium.
What is the best diet for my fish? There is a wide range of balanced diets that can satisfy several nutritional needs. Some of them are unique to certain species of fish, such as cichlids, Qingvios, Betas, etc. ask about the eating habits of your fish and provide the best and most appropriate species.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
How to feed the fish
There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:
- Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
- Do not overfeed your pets. give food not too often, in small portions.
- For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
- No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
- The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
- Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
- In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.
The greater the diversification of food, the better, always keeping an ideal diet for the species. Products that claim to improve fish coloring, do they work? Studies show that some vitamins affect the color of the fish. Can fry eat rations from other fish?
Even you can, but in the first weeks of life you will definitely refuse. Delivery is not specified. The ideal is to provide a lively diet in the first weeks and soon after a diet suitable for fry until they can eat the diets of adult fish.
What should get the fish from the feed received
How many times a week should a fish eat, and what portion of nutrients does it need to receive from food? It all depends on individual calculations. Carnivorous and omnivorous fish can be fed according to this scheme:
- The first day of the week. dry food of the first type (chips or pellets) once a day.
- The second. dry food of the second type, 1 time per day.
- The third. live food (for example, artemia or bloodworms), 1 time per day.
- The fourth. dry food of the first type, 2 times a day.
- Fifth. dry or vegetable food, 2 times a day.
- The sixth is live food (the pipe-worker, daphnia) and vegetable food.
- The seventh. unloading diet.
How to feed background fish? There is a huge variety of rations suitable for fish species such as bottom fish. Provide these rations by turning off the lights, as most of the lower fish have nightly habits and will not allow other fish to challenge the diet. Consider also, including vegetables and vegetables in your diet.
Is it true that fish eat so much that they can die? Notice that they are vigorously advancing to the first products provided, but then they lose momentum until they completely give up after that. My fish did not eat, what could be? Fresh fish in an aquarium may take some time to get used to the new environment, initially giving up any type of food. Wild specimens may have difficulty feeding in an aquarium, especially dry food. In this case, first provide a living food and gradually reduce it by adding proportional dry food until you fully accept it.
Feeding in an aquarium can be made differently, and you can make your own scheme. Be sure to alternate between dry, live and vegetable food. If the fish is herbivorous, it should eat only vegetable and dry food (spirulina tablets). Do not forget about the vitamins that should receive a pet for a full life. If you buy food of famous brands, look at the composition, it indicates all the trace elements and vitamins that the fish will receive after eating.
With learning and perseverance you can make a difference. My fish fed and stopped, what could it be? Lack of appetite is often associated with some kind of illness, stress due to poor water quality or over-feeding of the species. Follow the details of the fish and their habits to see if there is anything wrong and review the parameters of your water. Watch out for overly dominant fish that will not allow other fish to feed themselves.
How to maintain quality feed? Avoid rations with transparent or unopened packages after opening, since light and air will reduce their content in nutrients. After opening the feed should be used on average no more than three months. Does diet affect fish feces?
- Vitamin A is needed for cell division, in particular in fry and young. Lack of this component can cause growth retardation, curvature of the spine and fin deformation, and constant stress.
- Vitamin E. plays an important role in the development of the reproductive system.
- Vitamin D3 is essential for the development and growth of the skeletal system.
- Vitamins of group B (thiamine. B1, riboflavin. B2, cyanocobalamin. B12) are necessary for the normalization of metabolic processes in the body.
- Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is involved in the formation of bone system and teeth, strengthens the immune system, improves metabolism.
- Vitamin H (biotin). is required for proper cell formation.
- Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, it is required for the synthesis of proteins, provides blood clotting.
- Vitamin M (B9, folic acid). develops the immune system, the circulatory system. Improves scales color.
- Vitamin B4 (choline). required for fish growth, synthesizes the amount of sugar in the blood.
HOW AND HOW MUCH TO FEED A FISH?
Always watch the color of your stool. Usually it should have different colors, such as red, black, brown or green, depending on the type of material supplied. Transparent stools may indicate some discomfort. Betta fish is the result of an artificial genetic combination and vaguely resembles its original fish. Have you ever noticed that Betta is always unattended in your tank? Yes, he is a very aggressive fish and loves to fight, being alone, so as not to be confused with other fish.
Its habitat is simple, it can live in a small aquarium without equipment for oxygenation, without decorations, plants or pebbles. This is a fish that lasts a long time, about 5 years, a number that more or less varies depending on the care, feeding, maintenance of the aquarium and the genetics of the animal. Tips and care for beta fish.
For example, people buy kittens and dogs for dry food, meat, chicken and milk with sour cream. Moreover, they give vitamins and other supplements. The same should be the aquarium pets. Their diet should be balanced.
A beginner aquarist should not be afraid of “scary words”: live food, freezing, live dust. No need to think that all this needs to get, grind and cook. Everything is much easier than it seems! And in this we will try to convince you.
Know the basic care you should have with a Betta fish. Aquarium: As already mentioned, an aquarium is as simple as possible without equipment or decorations. Space for an aquarium: do not leave directly in the sun, so as not to cook fish or excessively cold, in the rain, greasy places and smells a lot. Choose quiet and bright places, such as a headboard, desk, furniture in the room. Remember that you can not leave out of the reach of children and other pets. Dump the fish: in order to place the fish in the aquarium, dip the bag, which is the fish in the water in the aquarium, which may be the same tap, for the temperature between the two balancers. A drop of water a few drops of water is an air conditioner that will remove chlorine and neutralize heavy metals from water. Throw the golden fish into the aquarium gently so that it does not feel the shock of environmental change. Feed the fish: do not feed the fish on the day of your arrival. He will probably already be fed and will be under stress due to the changing environment. The next day, throw 1. 3 dishes and wait for the reaction. If he feeds, play another 4. You can play this amount of food 1 or 2 times a day, nothing more. Never feed a betta in large quantities at the same time. If he does not eat water, he will become too dirty, damage the quality of the water and cause some illness to the fish. Aquarium maintenance: Change the water of the beetle once a week or every 10 days maximum. You must take half the water from the aquarium and put it in a bowl. Take the fish with a suitable net and put it in this container. Throw away the rest of the water from the aquarium, rubbing the bottom with a sleeve to remove any residues that are stuck together. Fill the aquarium half with tap water, drip the conditioner and wait 3 minutes. Throw the water out of the fish container back into the tank. White spots, spots, opaque appearance, loss of color in some parts or exfoliation can be signs of some diseases. He will know the time to pair the fish and the perfect match between peers. But make sense not to put fish in a tiny aquarium Then register your email and get the latest news.
Various feeding fish. the key to success
Here is the table, the content of components in the feed for different groups of fish:
UNCLEAR LEARNINGS OF FEEDING FISHES
First of all, you need to read and study the literature about your fish. Find out their taste preferences and behavioral characteristics.
Having repulsed from the received information, it is necessary to select the appropriate dry feed, which can be divided into groups:
Flakes, plates (for feeding fish floating on the surface and in the water column)
Pellets (for larger fish)
Tablets (sinking food for catfish and other bottom fish)
When purchasing fish food, you should also pay attention to the shelf life and integrity of the food packaging. This should be done due to the fact that over time the feed loses its properties, and if the packaging (storage conditions) in the feed is disturbed, pathogenic flora is formed. Also, one should give preference to feeds of well-known brands, for example, Tetra feeds.
Secondly , when feeding aquarium fish you should not forget about vitamins, which go as an additive to food.
Vitamin A. necessary for cell growth, especially for fry and juveniles. Lack of this vitamin leads to slow growth and curvature of the back and fins. Also, vitamin A reduces stress.
Vitamin D3. involved in the development of the skeletal system.
Vitamin E. necessary for the reproductive system of fish. Vitamins A and E are used together because they are ineffective without each other.
Vitamins of group B (B1. thiamine, B2. riboflavin, B12). normalize fish metabolism.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). forms teeth and bones, is involved in metabolism.
Vitamin H (biotin). needed for cell development.
Vitamin M. lack of folic acid is expressed in the darkening of the color of fish, they become sluggish.
Vitamin K. need for circulatory system.
Choline. needed for normal growth, as well as regulates the sugar content in the blood.
As a recommendation, you can recommend the following products:
Sera fishtamin. emulsified multi-vitamin preparation for strengthening fish during and after diseases, after settling in a new aquarium, for breeding and for enriching the feed for fry with vitamins. sera fishtamin is also suitable for strengthening pond fish before and after hibernation.
It can be added directly to the aquarium water. However, it is better to add 6-7 drops to 1 fish in the feed a few minutes before feeding.
1. During the illness and after recovery of the fish, fishtamine should be added daily directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. Aquarium lighting is desirable to turn off.
2. After possible stresses, such as transportation, placing fish in a crowded aquarium or in cases when incompatible types of fish are in the same aquarium, as well as with each water change, you need to add Fishtamin in the amount of 4-6 drops to feed. Fishtamine is added directly to the feed, which quickly absorbs the drug and after a short period of time can be used to feed your fish.
Fishtamine can be added directly to the aquarium at the rate of: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water. It is advisable to turn off the aquarium lighting.
3. After relocating new fish to the aquarium, you need to quickly add Fishtamine directly to the aquarium from the calculation: 6-7 drops per 50 liters of water.
4. In order to breed, it is necessary to add Fishtamine before the spawning process begins and within ten days after the process starts directly to the fish feed at the rate of: 4-6 drops per 50 liters of water. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
5. To improve the growth of fry, it is necessary to add Fishtamine directly to Micron, Micropan, Micrograin or Artemia solution once every two days, mix quickly and give enriched feed to the young fish. The daily dose of fishtamine can vary from one to five drops and depends on the amount of feed and the number of fry.
6. To enrich the frozen live feed with vitamins, immediately before feeding, add Fishtamine to feed at the rate of: three to four drops for each portion of feed after it is thawed. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
7. To create optimal conditions for the existence of pond fish in late autumn, as long as the fish take food, and also in early spring, as soon as the fish begin to take food; for prophylaxis, as well as during the treatment of fish from viral diseases, fishtamine should be added daily for three weeks in a volume of 10-12 drops directly to the feed of pond fish. It is necessary to wait some time until the drug is absorbed into the feed and then feed.
Content of additives per 1 ml:
Vitamin A 500 I.E.
Vitamin B1 2.00 mg
Vitamin B2 2.00 mg
Vitamin B6 2.00 mg
Vitamin B12 2.00 mcg
Vitamin C 55.00 mg
Vitamin D3 100 I.E.
Vitamin E 5.00 mg
Vitamin K3 1.00 mg
Nicotinic acid 10.00 mg
Calcium Pantothenate 5.00 mg
Folic acid 0.50 mg
Tetra vital. provides the fish with vital energy and health, as well as a natural color.
Tetra Vital contains essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements characteristic of the natural habitat. Their content in the aquarium decreases with time, and tap water is not able to compensate for the loss. Thanks to Tetra Vital, you can create an almost identical natural habitat for fish, where they will be provided with comfortable conditions and a brighter color.
– Natural B vitamins are used to increase the vitality of fish and combat stress.
– Magnesium provides well-being and promotes healthy growth.
– Panthenol cares for fish mucous membranes
– Iodine contributes to the preparation of fish for spawning, as well as successful spawning.
– Vital trace elements help to avoid problems associated with their deficiency
– Promotes the growth of plants and microorganisms
– Suitable for any freshwater aquarium.
To enhance the action of Tetra Vital, use Tetra AquaSafe.
Instructions for use. Shake well before use. Add 5 ml of Tetra Vital to 10 liters of aquarium water every 4 weeks. In case of severe stress, it is recommended to double the dose.
Thirdly, the most important trick! This use of live and frozen feed.
Live food is a variety of mosquito larvae, small crustaceans and all kinds of worms that are used in feeding fish. The most popular of them are: bloodworm, artemia, sap, daphnia, tubule, rotifers, gammarus.
Live food is a healthy and natural food for the fish, providing them with all the necessary trace elements. Such feed is recommended to be used in conjunction with other types of feed and given 2 times a week.
The composition of some organisms used as live food
Nowadays, especially in megacities and large cities, it is easy to find high-quality live food for fish. However, it is worth noting that, along with live food, contagion can be introduced into the aquarium. pathogenic bacteria, fungi and viruses. Therefore, you should always be careful with live food, it is better to grow it yourself and rinse thoroughly before serving. Or, for example, before feeding, soak it in the same methylene blue. a drop of the drug dripping onto the Artemia cube.
Knowing that many aquarists, especially the fair sex, do not like and are even afraid to mess with worms and larvae, we can recommend an interesting and even fascinating way of extracting live food Sera artemia-mix. Ready mix for growing Nauplii Artemia.
Nauplii (cubs) of brine shrimp (Artemia) is a great delicacy for fry of all species of fish. Adult fish and many invertebrates also greedily eat nauplii and adult shrimps.
Artemia-mix is a ready-to-use product. All you have to do is pour the contents of the bag into 500 ml of water and air it. With this set, even people who have no experience in breeding live food can grow nauplii. The biological value of nauplii becomes even higher, due to the use of sea salt rich in minerals in sera Artemia-mix. Artemia eggs from the great salt lakes of the state of Utah (USA) are used in the sera Artemia-mix. especially high quality.
such feed, manufacturers process it and monitor its purity. The likelihood of infection in the aquarium is small.
– as a result of processing, the beneficial properties of the feed are lost.
Note: Before serving, it is desirable to freeze it to thaw (10-15 min.)
And finally, the fourth trick. the food from our table. Here, look, please, the video posted by our moderator, Esta, about how her cichlids eat a leaf of lettuce.
Charming is not true! Many fish, especially Malawian cichlids of the Mbuna group, respect the greens: lettuce, spinach, scalded cabbage leaves, cucumber and even carrots. Many people know that it is almost impossible to keep African cichlids with live aquatic plants. However, plant food they need. And such a leaf of lettuce, once or twice a week, is an excellent way out for such cichlids.
Also, for example, a user of our site Qper, it is worth highlighting the issue of protein mixes, made with your own hands. For his precious and beloved cichlids, he cooks and gives the following mince once a week:
– BEEF HEART, CLEARED FROM FILM;
– TILYPI FILET (PANGASIUS);
– SALMARA FILLET;
– SHEETS SALAD;
Here is such an appetizing pate! There are a lot of similar recipes and, if you wish, you can easily find them on the Internet. The main thing is that in this way you can and should feed the fish.
You can make only one important remark about feeding fish like mince. you should try to exclude (minimize) the meat of warm-blooded animals from them. The food system of fish is not able to digest such meat, because of which it can develop pathogenic flora and as a result of the disease. Minced meat containing warm-blooded animals should be given rarely as a delicacy.
How many times and how often to feed the fish?
Based on the fact that feeding fish should be balanced and diverse, it is possible to derive an approximate component of the amount of feed needed for fish.
If we talk about one-time feeding, then any food (dry or live) should be eaten by fish in 3-5 minutes. After this time, the feed should not be in the aquarium, and the more he should not fall for hours at the bottom.
Per day you can feed the fish 1-2 times. Most aquarists feed fish once, because they believe that undernourishment is better than overfeeding. Feeding is preferably carried out either in the morning, after 15 minutes. after turning on the aquarium lighting and in the evening for 3-4 hours before bedtime. If there are night residents in the aquarium, as a rule, these are bottom catfish (bag-tabernacles, agamixes, Platydores, etc.), then for them the food is thrown at dusk, i.e. when the light is off and all the day fishes have already gone to sleep.
How much to feed the fish a week? Here, too, everything is conditional and individual. We offer, for example, our feeding scheme:
Monday. dry food 1, once a day;
Tuesday. dry food 2, once a day;
Wednesday. live food, or bloodworm or artemia;
Thursday. dry food 1, twice a day;
Friday. dry food 2, twice a day;
Saturday. live food duckweed;
Sunday. fasting day;
As you can see, feeding fish is quite diverse. Firstly, various mixtures of dry feed are used, secondly, dry food alternates with live ones, and plant food is given once a week.
And necessarily, once a week, a fasting day is arranged, i.e. when fish are not fed at all. Such a day, you need to arrange necessarily, it is harmless and even very useful for the health of fish and the aquarium as a whole.
We hope the article was useful for you! Of course, you will not cover all individual issues in one article, so we will be glad to talk with you on the FF forum.