What and how many times to feed aquarium fish?
In their natural environment, fish spend a lot of time searching for food. Predators hunt small relatives, medium-sized omnivores feed on insect larvae, algae and caviar of other fish. Whatever the fish eats. in its native element, it will always find suitable food for itself to survive and give birth to.
It is quite another thing. fish contained in captivity. Here, in the matter of food they can only rely on people. In aquarium conditions, fish entirely depend on the person. on the responsibility and the observation of its owner.
So how to feed aquarium fish? In fact, an unequivocal answer to this question is impossible. The only obvious thing is that the feed should be diverse and balanced. It is best to alternate several types of food. If you buy ready-made dry mixes in the form of "chips", granules or tablets. this is an excellent and useful delicacy for your fish.
Manufacturers of such dry mixes take into account all the characteristics of the body of fish, and this ready-made food always contains the right amount of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins necessary for the full activity of aquarium inhabitants. But do not neglect the natural food. let’s bloodworm, daphnia, Cyclops, carriage, crustaceans, etc.
Of course, each family of fish needs to choose an individual food. Make sure that the size of the feed is not too large. If the fish cannot swallow the flakes, they will remain hungry. Some species of fish live directly at the water’s mirror, therefore, the food for them must remain at the surface. If the fish spends most of the time in the lower layers of the aquarium, they need food in tablets, which quickly sink to the bottom.
No less important is the question of how many times to feed aquarium fish.
Malki need a lot of energy and strength to grow. Therefore, they need to feed at least three to four times a day. Adult fish, as a rule, are fed in the morning and in the evening, but for some large breeds of predators it is enough one time. Once a week you can (and even need) arrange a fasting day.
Remember that round tummy is characteristic only for young individuals, and in adults it is a sign of overeating.
As for the number of servings, try to give exactly as much as the fish is able to eat in 15 minutes. Residues of food should not settle and clog the water in the aquarium, so it is better to clean them and not leave overnight.
How to feed aquarium fish
For many years in various literatures there is an opinion that it is better not to feed the fish, let them starve than overfeed. In fact, this is not entirely correct and an inexperienced aquarist can destroy beautiful exotic fish with long hunger strikes. How to properly and how many times a day to feed the fish so as not to harm them you will learn in this article.
All aquarium fish by age can be roughly divided into 2 types:
- Fry (not yet fully grown, immature fish);
- Adult fish (mature fish).
How many times a day do you need to feed adult fish
Under-feeding does not harm an adult and an established fish at all, the water in the aquarium will always be clean, the biobalance is perfect, the fish are healthy, while regular feeding or overfeeding (when the fish do not eat the whole food thrown into the aquarium for 15 minutes) turbidity will occur and, as a result of the poor quality of water, one or another disease may flare up. But undernourishment does not mean that you can feed the fish only once a week, even though the adult fish from too rare and small feeding bulls will start to lose weight, the belly will become sunken, and the back will dry out, the larger fish will attack the smaller ones, eating them.
How much and how often feed fry
Fry, unlike adult fish, are not fully formed. They have not reached puberty and are in a period of intensive growth, so regular and high-quality feeding is very important for them. The rule of underfeeding in relation to fry and young fish will bring more negative consequences than for an adult, so you need to feed them regularly, 2 times a day and preferably with live food. The only condition. you need to follow that the abandoned food is eaten within 15 minutes, and the remnants of food removed from the aquarium, because regular feeding and overfeeding are all different things. Under the conditions of regular feeding, the water will need to be replaced much more often than in the case of underfeeding (1 time per week), but in return you will have a beautiful fish that will quickly grow in size and reach the period of puberty.
But how much food to give if in the aquarium there is both an adult and a young fish, here the preference is given to the young, so forget about undernourishment and hunger strike.
All of the above can be summarized as follows:
- On the one hand, undernourishment is good because it allows you to preserve the biobalance in the aquarium, make the water cleaner and the fish remain healthy while spending a minimum of time and effort to care for them.
- Regular feeding 1-2 times a day allows you to grow a beautiful mature fish in a fairly short time, but the aquarium will require much more care (water change and siphon of the soil) than in the case of underfeeding.
- Especially frequent feeding and overfeeding is harmful in all cases and is not negotiable.
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Aquarium fish: healthy mind in a healthy body
Caring for fish in an aquarium can be pleasant and uncomplicated if you provide the right physiological approach to feeding them, providing the necessary nutrients for healthy life.
What are the main feeding approaches?
This is the way of any biological organism, including fish, that it needs food. Its purpose is:
- replenishment of the spent energy
- cell and tissue renewal
- growth and development
- the preservation of such natural instincts as reproduction.
The components of the diet in an aquarium are designed to provide the body with proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, and trace elements. With a shortage of at least one of them comes:
- hypotrophy and dystrophy;
- increased susceptibility to disease;
- depressed mood;
- decrease in vital activity.
That is why the question “how many times to feed the fish?” Is of particular relevance so that you do not have to clean the aquarium out of plan or remove the diseased individuals.
Is the principle true: the more the better?
This is how the nervous system of many fish works, that the type of food constantly stimulates their appetite and the desire to eat everything, without a trace. In other words, fish are eaten as many times as they get food in the aquarium. However, is it good? This is bad from several positions:
- The uneaten products settle to the bottom and cannot be picked up by individuals from the upper and middle layers of water. Their lack of demand leads to decomposition and decay, which negatively affects the quality of water. It must be cleaned and replaced with water frequently.
- Overeating leads to increased digestive processes in the body and the overflow of the chemical composition of water with a large number of substances of organic nature. To clean it then simply by physical means is impossible, a complete change is necessary.
- The settled food remains contaminate the soil and interfere with the free root respiration of plants.
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Therefore, it is necessary to feed strictly as much as it is eaten by the inhabitants of the aquarium for no longer than 15 minutes.
How to build a rational feeding?
Feed aquarium fish need to be differentiated. If only adults are among them, one time is enough, preferably in the morning. After feeding, the remains should be collected with a special net from the surface and removed outside. It is important that such feedings be regular, complete and consist of all physiologically necessary components. You can make a schedule (a kind of menu) for which days the food is vegetable food, when. animal, and when. with a balanced content of vitamins and microelements. It is reasonable to include mixed feeds containing several components at once in the “feeding policy”.
Fry and adult fish during spawning should be fed twice a day. In this case, during the day, the individuals will receive a mixed diet and fill their increased physiological needs.
If they are fed properly, they are cheerful, alert, healthy, lead an active lifestyle and grow well. This is immediately noticeable, especially in a well-groomed, neat and tastefully decorated aquarium.
What time of day is better to organize feeding?
Morning hours are best for feeding. If there is a need to re-give food, it is better to carry it out at regular intervals, giving the opportunity to digest and assimilate.
Definitely, you should not give food before bedtime, because the organs and systems of water individuals also need rest and sleep. The exception is the team of nocturnal fish.
Organizing the diet, you should pay attention to the plant world of the aquarium. Fish "vegetarians" love to eat the young shoots of plants, leaves, and even on the surface of the roots. In this case, you need time to free the aquarium from scraps of plants or gnawed twigs. They are unlikely to get acclimatized back, and the task of clogging up water will cope in full.
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In this case, in the preparation of the diet should take into account the presence of internal feed.
With proper catering, consider the following:
- decomposition of food occurs faster in warm, standing water;
- food must be minced in accordance with fish anatomy;
- live food spoils quickly and it is important not to carry germs with it;
- dry food is more convenient for storage, but it does not contain a full set of nutrients;
- To ensure the quality of the process of water self-purification, it is necessary to monitor the hardness, acidity and microclimate parameters.
To feed the fish is a simple matter. It is much more difficult to rationally organize the regime and nutritional value. And then a positive result will not take long to wait: water pets will be pleased with health, bright colors and active behavior.