The first, and perhaps the main question asked by novice aquarists. how and what to feed the fish. At the initial stage, this question raises great doubts. You can watch as the fish swim around the feeders gathering food, as much as you like, so beginners can overfeed pets, throwing handfuls of food to them all day. But do not forget that aquarium inhabitants can also overeat, which will have a bad effect on health and water.
At the beginning of the conversation it may seem that this question is easy and unambiguous, in fact, everything is much more complicated. If you want to become a real aquarist, and not the unfortunate host, who once a day throws flakes to their pets, you will have to thoroughly study the issue of feeding the aquarium inhabitants and find their individual approach to them. Proper feeding is a pledge of healthy fish that behave actively and beautifully shimmer with the best flowers.
How many times do you need to feed the fish
Practice shows that most fish lovers choose the right feeding tactics. But, sometimes you have to deal with neglected cases when the owners are addicted and overfeed the fish so that they suffer from excess weight and physically can not swim. At the same time, the excess feed begins to rot, forming a real green swamp with all the ensuing consequences. And this is not surprising. After all, there is no one universal algorithm for feeding all types of fish, so the question is how, what and how much to feed the fish becomes critical.
A beginner aquarist is misled by the fish themselves. They begin to swim at the trough and look lonely into the front glass, as if asking for some more food. However, it should be realized that most fish will continue to beg for food even in moments of overeating, such is their nature. This is especially true for cyclides.
The first and basic rule. limit feeding to 1-2 times per day. This rule applies to adult fish. Fry and teens are fed more frequently. The ideal is a portion that is eaten in the first 3-4 minutes. The norm is observed in the event that no food does not have time to touch the bottom. The exceptions are catfish and fish that feed from the bottom. For them, it is better to use a special feed. Of course, it is impossible to forbid catfish and other herbivores to eat plants and algae, but this is a natural process that will not make them worse. If you are afraid that the fish do not get enough food, then follow their condition for a week.
It is very important to observe the portions and not to overfeed pets. A well-running aquarium has its own microclimate, so excess food can cause imbalance. Remains of feed fall to the bottom and start the process of rotting, which spoils the aqua and causes the formation of harmful algae. In addition, ammonia and nitrates increase in water, which adversely affects all residents.
If you periodically suffer from dirty water, the presence of algae and fish diseases, think about how often you feed the fish and how much food you give them.
The main types of feed
If at intervals it became clear, then with what to give them, not really. Aquarists use four types of feed:
- Live food;
Ideal if you will combine all types of feed. In this case, your fish will be healthy and will give you an aesthetic pleasure playing its colors. It is not excluded that fish will eat only vegetable or only protein food, it all depends on the breed of aquarium inhabitants. In nature, someone chooses a vegetarian lifestyle, but someone does not mind to eat their own kind. But if you disassemble most of the fish, it is better to use a mix of several feeds. Purchased branded food can be used as the main food, regularly please fish with live food and sometimes give vegetable food.
Food live food. the most preferred option. The fish should be given regularly as an additional feeding every other day. Like people, aquarium residents love a variety of foods, so try to alternate food as much as possible. The most common are the chimneyweed, bloodworm and coretil. The only, but very significant disadvantage is that this type of food is most often mined in its natural environment, which means that it is possible to bring the infection into your water body. It is best to freeze it before feeding fish. This method kills a number of harmful bacteria.
Vegetable food is an integral part of fish life in the natural environment. Most fish will have to try and cook green food. Of course, feeding predators with grass is stupid, but the rest will gladly enjoy the greenery suitable for them. It is difficult to give general recommendations, since different fish prefer different feeds. There are several options for plant foods:
To natural can be attributed cucumber, zucchini or cabbage. Such feeding will allow you to enjoy your clean aquarium with healthy and beautiful fish. With proper feeding, the lifespan of the fish increases.
The answers to this question are quite simple, but at the same time they have an individual character. that is, they depend on the specific type of aquarium fish, on the volume of the aquarium, and other nuances!
Answering the question. HOW TO FEED FISH? You can generally say that you need to feed the pets so that after 1-2 minutes, the abandoned feed will be eaten. In covering this issue, it should be noted that it is better to feed the fish rather than overfeed. Do not feed the fish much and often. Make sure that this situation does not work out when. you fed the fish, then the spouse, and then also the children!
Moreover, starvation of small fish is a diet that benefits the fish! Arrange for the fish once a month fasting days. do not feed the fish for 2 days. Following these recommendations, you will get rid of the risk of pet diseases of gastrointestinal diseases and only improve their health!
The second point that should be covered on the issue. HOW TO FEED FISH! Food for fish should be balanced and varied, in addition, it must meet the individual needs of a specific type of fish swimming in your “aquarium”. Often, many make a big mistake and feed the fish with one type of feed (for example, dry)! Such a policy of keeping fish and such feeding leads in time to the question. HOW TO HOW TO TREAT A FISH? Food should be: quality, diverse. At the same time, no one says that the fish need to be fed delicacies. But to combine, for example, dry and frozen food. it is possible, it is not so expensive!
In addition, different fish prefer different food, some, for example, well, really need vegetable food! Taking into account such features, select the appropriate feed, balance it.
WHEN TO FEED FISH? This question is also individual for a particular type of fish. For example, the majority of aquarium catfish are nocturnal, and therefore it is desirable to feed them in a dark time drain.
But since most fish are diurnal, it is better to feed them during the daytime. in the morning or at lunch.
HOW MUCH TO FEED?
I feed mine once a day, in the morning. However, many recommend feeding aquarium fish 2 twice a day. Actually I do not see anything wrong with that. The main thing is to follow the rule, the food should be eaten in 2-3 minutes.
WHAT FEED TO FEED A FISH?
A lot of important issue of feed for aquarium fish is the question of its quality. Sure? You can “get aquarium food” in the old fashioned way. to hunt ponds or tormented with bloodworms. You can buy feed in bird markets! However, no one will give you guarantees! Moreover, such feed is dangerous to the health of your pets.
WHAT TO FEED FISH?
In our arsenal there are the following types of fish feed:
– dry: dried gammarus, artemia, old, etc.
– sublimated feed consisting of a mixture of ingredients.
– frozen food: bloodworm, artemia, streptocephalus, daphnia, etc.
– live food: bloodworm, artemia, grindal, etc.
– a group of products that can be called "food from our table": seafood (fish fillet, shrimp, lean beef. bull’s heart salad, spinach, zucchini, zucchini, cucumber, etc.).
Agree, a great arsenal! It is only important to use it correctly. All you need is to buy food and make a diet schedule for the week, according to the individual preferences of aquatic animals.
How to feed the herbivorous fish: antsistrus, L-catfish, labidochromis, pseudotropheusa, goldfish? Their diet should be
70% plant food,
30% protein. Take for them sublimated feed with herbal ingredients, for example:
Loricaria soma perfectly eat slices of cucumber, zucchini, salads. Goldfish adore duckweed. But at the same time, do not be afraid to use protein foods. freezing and high-quality live food.
How to feed the fish video review
1. Amount of feed.
The first and most important rule is it is better not to feed the fish than to feed them. It has been found that for adult fish, to provide all needs per day, it is enough to eat two to three percent of its weight. Having eaten “a little extra” you can “lose weight” with the help of physical exercises. However, their mobility is limited in the aquarium, they do not have to waste energy on the prey and search for food, salvation from predators. It turns out that overfeeding leads to obesity, disruption of the internal organs and metabolism. Constantly transmitting fish will not be able to breed, will be more susceptible to disease. The remnants of food not eaten begin to rot, spoil the water and become the cause of disease and death of fish.
How to avoid it? It is necessary to feed the fish in small portions once or twice a day so that the feed will be eaten by the fish in 5 minutes (adult goldfish can be fed every other day). It is recommended to agree in advance who will feed the fish in your office or home, otherwise the fish will eat dozens of times a day, and nothing else on the other day. It is good to arrange a fasting day once a week and not to feed the fish at all (if the aquarium is located in the office, then arrange a fasting weekend).
Fish do not need to constantly spend energy on heating the body, which is why they can easily withstand the hunger strike. Aquarium fish often die from overfeeding than from its lack. Many of them are able to safely endure even a 2-week fast.
2. A variety of feed.
The second and no less important rule: Food should be varied! After all, you will not eat only cucumbers or, for example, carrots? In nature, the menu of many popular aquarium dwellers includes various invertebrates (crustaceans, worms, insect larvae), caviar and young fish of other fish, plants. Therefore, you should not rely on the fact that your fish will be healthy and bright if you feed them only dried daphnia. Naturally, there are specialists among the fish, for example, many catfish (pterigoplichts, antsistrusy, etc.) consider the soft top layer of wood on snags to be the best delicacy; However, such fish also need and can alternate different types of food (for example, catfish, with the exception of coals, eat well any vegetable food, do not give up moth). To be sure that your fish get all the vitamins and nutrients they need, you can use special vitamin supplements for fish (for example, Tetra’s Liqui-fit, Biovit from Aqua Medic, Stress Protect and AquaVital from Aquarium Munster) they are mainly added to water and feed.
3. Preferences fish.
The third rule: Tastes do not argue or everyone has his own! You need to know in advance what and how to feed the fish you like: vegetarians or predators, whether they pick up food from the bottom, catch in the water column or grab from the surface. it can help you when you choose food. In addition, it is very important that the feed size corresponds to the size of the mouth of the fish. Small fishes are unlikely to be happy even with tasty delicacies if they cannot swallow it or examine it.
4. Clean aquarium.
Any excess feed left after feeding should be removed immediately; this issue is especially important if the density of fish landing in the aquarium is high and when using feed that strongly pollutes the water. In many cases it is reasonable to underfed a little fish, in such cases they will eat the food completely, which will save you from having to clean up after feeding.
5. The frequency of feeding.
It is best to feed the fish at the same time and the same number of approaches that can be set independently. It is necessary to take into account the fact that you need to give food one or two hours after the transition of fish to the active phase from the sleep phase (for twilight and night fish, these phases differ from the standard ones) and complete two to three hours before sleep, this allows the fish to assimilate optimally feed.
6. Preventive starvation of fish in the aquarium.
In humans, starvation leads to the fact that the body burns fats and accumulated slags. In aquarium fish, fasting has the same function. Such starvation should be arranged once a week (“hungry day”). Food on this day is not given to fish in general. You should not worry that the fish will die of hunger or start hunting for each other, the fish will get used to the “hungry days” over time and will endure them more easily.
7. Most important and last.
You should not feed the fish, just for the reason that "they look at me so plaintively," near the trough, the torsion of the fish is nothing more than a reflex. They do not immediately remember the location of the trough, but at this time they, for sure, do not “look hungry.”
Exceptions to the rule.
Special cases include:
- Feeding young fish or fry, feeding convalescent or sick fish, feeding fish preparing for spawning. Feed the fry five or six times a day, but in small portions. During active growth, fry should eat up to 100 percent of their weight daily, at one time they will not be able to cope. And of course, young people do not like fasting days.
- Often, sick fish are not fed, because usually the fish lose their appetite during illness, and during recovery, you must carefully consider the choice of food, also do not forget about vitamins!
- Fish that are being prepared for spawning are quite often fed with live food in a diverse and abundant way (information on preparing for spawning can be found in the special literature).
We wish you success in the correct feeding of your fish!
What determines the feeding of fish
I can say that we in our experience gained enough knowledge on how to properly feed aquarium fish, how often to do it, what kind of food and at what time. All this information is obtained as a result, in part, by trial and error.
Factors affecting the feeding regimen
- Your opportunities
Opportunities in this case are both financial and temporary. For example, not everyone has the opportunity to constantly supply the red-tailed catfish with live fish on a regular basis or with fresh fish meat. At least, because it’s all worth the money.
How often do you need to feed aquarium fish
Som-suckers, such as pterigoplichts and antsistrusy we feed several times a week (2-3). tablets for catfish and vegetables. This number of feeds is primarily due to the fact that catfish still clean the growth on the glass and thereby receive vegetable food. Plus, if you feed them often and every day, then they simply can become lazy :).
The main thing. do not forget to properly feed your fish on a regular basis. Be sure to vary the food of their pets.
Alternate dry food with ice cream and vice versa, as from monotonous food can cause problems with the digestion of fish, which can lead to sad consequences.
It is amazing how many people in the world strictly follow a diet and regularly support their health with vitamins, and at the same time give their fish only ready-made food, and of one kind.
Such feeds can be compiled on the basis of scientific recommendations and include a huge amount of nutrients, but they are only simple substitutes (and often inferior) of what fish find and natural conditions. Do not think that we are against the finished feed, quite the opposite. However, one thing should be very clear: ready-made food is usually sufficient for normal existence, while live food in frozen or freeze-dried form is absolutely necessary for bringing fish to spawn.
For each type of fish need a certain feed. Let’s talk about the basic rules of feeding.
The size of the feed should match the size of the fish. If they do not cope with food or chew it, spit it out, it means that it is unsuitable. The size of feed for fry should be approximately equal to the size of their eyes. Bloodworm, tubule and enhitreya can be given cut into small pieces. Some aquarists do not feed a pipemaker with valuable fish for fear of poisoning.
Feed quality is of the utmost importance. Therefore, dry food should be really dry, and not sticking together, living organisms. to be active. Frozen feed should be fed immediately after thawing.
The amount of food needed by the fish is determined by amateurs on the basis of their own observations. Live food is best given in small portions. Feed should be given in small portions several times a day. One-time feeding of a triple in volume portion does not equal three more modest feedings. Initially, the fish pounce on him, then their activity drops markedly and, therefore, you can stop feeding. If the dry food placed in the feed ring is not eaten within 5 minutes, the remnants should be removed with a net and reduced further. You should always remember that it is better not to feed than to overfeed the fish, otherwise they will be worse painted, become lethargic, stop spawning, their lifespan will noticeably decrease. Fish should be given a variety of food, constantly alternating it.
Adult fish should be fed 1-2 times a day, at the earliest one hour after turning on the light and at the latest one hour before turning it off. You must ensure that everything is eaten completely within 15-20 minutes. The daily ration should be 5% by weight of the fish. The feeding place should be permanent. Remnants of uneaten food should be removed, this is especially important when using stale feed, as they can cause such unpleasant phenomena as turbidity of water, soil rot, appearance of foul-smelling algae. Therefore, they need to be immediately assembled with a hose. Once a week you need to arrange a hungry day. Fry should be fed as often as possible.
Here are six of the most important rules to follow when feeding aquarium fish:
1. When feeding, be guided by the requirements of the fish, and not by your own desires.
2. It is desirable to feed (better, of course, live) a variety of feed, making the most of the possibilities of each season. Live food in its raw form is more beneficial than boiled. Even the best feed is no good if it does not alternate with other feed.
3. Do not feed too plentifully! Remains of feed spoil the water. In aquariums, fish are more likely to die from obesity than from malnutrition. Determine how much live fish feed is able to quickly eat, and never give them more than the norm. Fish that eat right can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm.
4. If possible, feed several times a day.
5. The size of the feed should correspond to the size of the fish. Large fish will starve if they are fed small food; For small fish, large feed is too tough, they cannot swallow it.
6. Watch the fish during feeding, at this point it is easiest to distinguish sick fish from healthy ones.
The size of the feed should match the size of the fish.
Live food is best given in small portions several times a day.
Hunger can have a beneficial effect on the sexual activity of fish and even help restore the ability to reproduce. Fasting normalizes the biochemical processes in the body, helps to eliminate poisons and slags, utilize fatty and weakened, painfully modified tissues, and resorption of female genital products remaining in the body (unwashed caviar), without which a new portion of caviar cannot be formed.