How many times a day to feed the fish in the aquarium so that they are healthy and beautiful depends on their type and age. The feeding process is quite interesting to get carried away and throw a handful of flakes to the fishes frolicking near the glass, which for an inexperienced aquarist can lead to water pollution and fish death. Therefore, it is important to develop your feeding tactics and interaction with the aquarium world.
What to feed aquarium fish
Food aquarium fish in the home should reproduce the frequency and taste preferences of the natural habitat.
There are several ways to eat:
- Algae, plants, seeds and fruits. So herbivorous fish with a long digestive cycle feed on. They are accustomed to feed often and little by little.
- Insects, small fish, birds, invertebrates. The ration of carnivores with a volumetric stomach. Their portions are large, but feeding is rarer.
- Foods of plant and protein type. Such fish are called omnivorous. They feed several times a day.
Live food of carnivorous and omnivorous fish includes ciliates, brine shrimp, bloodworms, tubule, corret, daphnia, nauplii, gammarius. Such food quickly deteriorates and requires storage in the refrigerator. Additionally and if there is no food, chicken mince and liver, chicken eggs, minced fish, squid, calf heart and invertebrate meat are given. They feed fish with cottage cheese, semolina, green peas and scrambled eggs. The listed products are pre-crushed.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
For example, frozen beef heart, grated on a fine grater, will appeal to most fish. This kind of food is just a storehouse of easily digestible protein. It is used for feeding voracious astronotus and discus. Mixing the prepared chips with vitamin concentrate, such as Trivit or Fishtamin, will significantly enrich the diet.
Squid is ground into small chips and fed in small portions. Squid fillet will fully provide the inhabitants of the aquarium with protein and vitamins for active development. Algae, vegetables (zucchini, cabbage), fruits, plants, and cereals are used as plant food for herbivores and omnivores.
For the nutrition of domestic fish suitable firm, dry, frozen, live and vegetable food, which is recommended to alternate. It is necessary to feed the fish so that the diet is varied, contains useful trace elements, vitamins and proteins.
The best choice is in favor of branded feed from a trusted manufacturer. It is universal and suitable for almost all aquarium species. In its composition the formula of useful substances, vitamins, proteins and microelements is balanced. Popular feed brands "Tetra", "Sera", JBL. The range includes feed specifically for catfish, neonchik, goldfish, discus and universal purpose. The quality is not inferior to imported and a series of Russian feed "Aqua Menu". Food is produced in the form of flakes, granules or creeps. The use of pellets will help reduce contamination of the aquarium environment with scraps.
Dry food from dried cyclops, gammarus, daphnia is not suitable for daily feeding of fish due to the scarcity of the composition of nutritional components. How to feed fish in an aquarium with live food to avoid mistakes. Live food is used as a mandatory, regular feeding every other day. Fish love him very much, it is nutritious and easily digested. With this diet, growth is accelerated and the brightness of the color increases.
It should be borne in mind that this type of food is obtained from the natural habitat, so there is a big risk of infecting the aquarium’s biological environment. To avoid this, feed is frozen before feeding to destroy the bacterial flora. Experienced aquarists prepare the moth itself by freezing. Storage at t =.12 ° and below its color, appearance and taste is perfectly preserved, as evidenced by the activity of the fish during feeding.
Frozen food is a worthy alternative to live. It is well preserved and conveniently dosed. A mixture of three common varieties of worms will provide aquarium health with essential substances for health. Plant food is a must, because it is part of the natural habitat of fish. Vegetable food can be in its natural form, in pills and flakes.
Watch the video about feeding fish.
How to feed aquarium fish
Feeding aquarium fish takes 3-5 minutes. During this time, the fish are already eating enough, but they still do not have time to eat. And the food has not yet fallen to the bottom. It is necessary to adhere to the rule of nutrition, that it is better to underfeed than to overfeed and not to give more than normal food.
Feed must be fully eaten. Excess feed needs to be removed from the feeder and fished with a net so that it does not settle down and begins to rot. The processes of decay spoil the water in the aquarium and lead to the development of harmful vegetation. The concentration of nitrates and ammonia in the water increases, there is a poisoning of fish and algae. The fishing should be provided on the day with the amount of feed at the rate of 5% of its weight. The size of the grains depends on the age and size of the individual.
For fry, feed particles should not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry granulated food, in the form of flakes or tablets, ground into dust. It is more convenient for adults to capture larger particles, dust is not suitable for them. It is convenient to use separate tanks for dry and live food, floating feeders. It is necessary to feed so that the food is evenly distributed in the aquarium and there is free access to active individuals and tikhonya, as well as the inhabitants of the bottom.
How often to feed aquarium fish
Diet depends on the age period and the characteristics of each type of fish. On this basis, it is determined how many times to feed aquarium fish. An adult aquarium fish requires two meals a day, but you can get by with a one-time meal. Fry up to two months of age eat 4 times a day, and in the first month of life the fry are fed 4-6 times in an aquarium.
Half a month before spawning individuals increase the amount of live food. With the onset of spawning, the rate is reduced. In the first days after breeding, feeding is stopped. In the morning food should be given no earlier than 15 minutes after switching on the lighting. The optimal time is 1 hour. Evening feeding takes place 2-3 hours before bedtime. Somikov, agamix and other night dwellers are fed at dusk, with the lights off. At this time, the other fish in the aquarium are already sleeping.
All inhabitants of the aquarium should be given food at one time.
How to make a weekly diet
How to feed the fish in the aquarium so that the diet is diverse and necessarily include live food. It is recommended to organize the feeding of aquarium fish, following the following scheme:
- On Monday and Tuesday give only dry food.
- On Wednesday, feed live food, bloodworms, artemia
- Thursday and Friday. dry food again
- On Saturday, give live food, for example, a trumpet or daphnia, with the addition of duckweed
- Sunday take a hungry day
Once a week, the inhabitants of the aquarium should have a hungry day. This contributes to the prevention of obesity, leading to the death of fish, increased sexual activity and recovery processes. Mini-hunger cleans the intestines from the effects of overeating. Under natural conditions, fish live without food for a long time, so one day you can not feed the fish and a hunger strike will benefit them.
The scheme can be adjusted at its discretion, but always with alternating types of food. A variety of food will allow you to grow healthy fish.
The reason to think about the correct feeding regime is dirty water, excess vegetation and frequent fish diseases. In an established biosystem, a clean aquarium and healthy fish of colorful colors. Remember that the nutrition depends on the life expectancy of the inhabitants of the aquarium.