Aquarium fish is desirable to feed 1-2 times a day, you need to give how much food, how much fish can eat in 5-10 minutes. Young fish (fry) need to be fed more often, every 3-4 hours. The optimal portion of feeding for adult fish is 2-5% of body weight, for juveniles 15%. For best results, it is desirable to work out a schedule and try to feed the fish at the same time. Food for aquarium fish. must be a quality and well-known manufacturer.
Do not be afraid that your pets will starve. Not to feed, it is much better than to feed. In the warm aquarium water, the remaining food spoils very quickly, and pollutes the water, thus you will have to change the water more often. Not only people suffer from obesity, but also fish. In aquarium fish there is no awareness, at a time when a person can go on a diet, or reduce the amount of food intake. There are some types of aquarium fish that are prone to gluttony, and as a result. obesity, which can destroy the fish.
Once a month, during the day, do not feed the fish at all, thereby doing a "unloading".
For feeding aquarium fish, you can use the feeder, it facilitates the process of feeding. The food does not spread throughout the aquarium, does not sink, and is always in one place, the fish get used to it and, on a signal "to eat filed", swim up to the feeder.
Tropical fish that live in the wild are not spoiled by the quantity and abundance of food, so they have adapted to do without it for a very long time. During the rainy season, the feed is sufficient; in favorable conditions, young fish reach maturity and spawn. Feeding aquarium fish is a very important factor, it should not be underestimated and treated with monotonous, low-nutritional food.
The main task for the aquarist is to choose a replacement for this, natural food. To determine the correct composition of the diet of feeding fish, you must be able to distinguish three types of fish.
- Herbivorous fish. eating plant food.
- Omnivorous fish are those fish that feed on small aquatic fauna, zooplankton and benthos, as well as plant-eating foods.
- Carnivorous fish. they usually feed at an early age with small fish, and later with large animal food or fish.
The number and type of fish that are suitable for this habitat depends on the natural conditions, and in an aquarium the fish completely depend on what the host offers them.
Because of this, among aquarists one can often hear from aquarists that one or another species of fish has become accustomed to an atypical poop. However, the fish may eat food, because of the feeling of hunger, and eating the wrongly chosen food can turn into a violation of health.
Eating natural food, the fish satisfies its needs for proteins, fats, minerals, carbohydrates, as well as useful vitamins and trace elements.
When feeding with artificial food, which becomes the main food in the basis of feeding aquarium fish. In this case, it would be useful information of the manufacturer, on the composition of the feed mixture.
Protein, is directly the most important battery, which cannot be replaced by any other components. Protein causes all vital functions, especially reproduction and growth. The main sources of protein are planktonic organisms, egg white, heart, liver, and beef. Carbohydrates. are, as for people, the main source of vitality and energy.
The body of a small fish is able to produce carbohydrates from the breakdown of such products as: proteins and fats; carbohydrates are not necessary in the feed. Fats are important for the absorption of vitamins A, D, E, represent a reserve of energy, produce fats from proteins and carbohydrates, so you can do without them.
Minerals such as manganese, iodine, cobalt, copper, iron, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and calcium are important for the formation of the skeleton, muscles, blood, are important for the development of the genital organs.
Vitamins. biologically effective substances that are normally absorbed in normal portions in the body, and contribute to its normal development. Avitaminosis. diseases that are manifested as a consequence of a lack of vitamins.
Feeding aquarium fish is one of the most common problems in their maintenance. Let’s compare the main food sources of aquarium fish and fish in a natural environment.
In nature, fish find all sorts of phytophagous food in the form of algae, digested single-celled algae, soft aquatic plants, seeds, and fruits. Such food in captivity can be replaced with scalded leaves of a head of cabbage lettuce, spinach puree, savoy cabbage, kulbaby and nettle.
An important constituent element of the fish nutrition are "worms". In an aquarium, these are tubules (Tubificidae), enkhitrei (Enchytraeidae), earthworms (Lumbicidae) and rotifers (Rotatoria).