Perhaps the most famous aquarium inhabitant. Many aquarists began to get acquainted with the amazing world of the aquarium with the content of these fish. It’s clear. They are very unpretentious and beautiful, especially males with their tails similar to gypsy skirts.
A native of Venezuela, Northern Brazil, Guyana. It is also found on the islands of Barbados and Trinidad. For
fighting the larvae of anopheles mosquitoes are settled in all warm waters of the world and acclimatized on all continents. Populations of feral fish are found in some water bodies of Russia near the discharge of warm waters and in the septic tanks.
It was named after an English priest and scholar. Robert John Lemchera Guppy who made a report in 1886 to members of the royal society about fish giving birth to live fry and not spawning. After his report, the priest was ridiculed by learned men. (Science she was so often mistaken. poor thing.)
The female is gray and not very remarkable. In nature, it reaches a length of six centimeters. Males are a little smaller than their girlfriends in length reach four centimeters. But then they are owners of luxurious tails, which are painted in different colors. And in selection varieties have a different form.
Guppy fishes unpretentious. The optimum temperature is 24 ° C. They can survive with a short-term decrease in temperature to 15 ° С, and increase it to 30 ° С. The salt content of the water should be close to the average. Stiffness is desirable 7-9 ° dH. pH. 7.
male and female
You can feed adults with almost any feed. Easily tolerate the absence of live food. And they feel great when feeding with dry feed. Although, of course, their endurance should not be abused. Live food is essential if you want to grow healthy, beautiful and prolific fish. Aquarium fish guppy They enjoy eating moths, tubers, Daphnia, Cyclops, Enchitreus, filamentous algae.
Compatibility with other fish
Guppy fish loving and can be kept together with other species with similar conditions of detention. It is true that sometimes they show curiosity towards the long fins of the voiletails and the mustaches of the angelfish and gouras, which annoys their owners. In this case, it is better to deposit them in a separate aquarium. In the damaged fins there is nothing good and, moreover, it is dangerous with suppuration. It is also necessary to select neighbors for them from peace-loving fish that will not damage their magnificent fins.
These mischievous persons are inhabitants of all layers of water. Although more often kept in the middle layers. They will not hide from you in the thickets of plants or under a stone. They are all the time in full view of performing an endless dance, riveting attention to the aquarium giving it dynamism.
Aquarium fish guppy. viviparous. In reproduction easy. If the aquarium in which they are kept is densely planted with plants, then from time to time you will discover new fishes. this Guppy fry, who are hiding from the voracious congeners in the saving thickets.
And nevertheless, if you want to get a good offspring, then it is advisable to arrange a breeding ground in which the female is ready to give birth. It is easiest to distinguish a pregnant female before feeding. Her abdomen is enlarged, a black speck appears at the anus. A few days before spawning, the abdomen takes on a square shape.
The spawning site can be a usual three-liter jar, on the bottom of which is laid the elodea and pressed by a stone. On the surface you can throw a bunch of Riccia. In the water column, you can let javanese moss and Thai fern swim. These plants form thickets in which they can hide. Guppy fry from their mother, who sometimes can eat their offspring. Childbirth usually occurs at dawn. A litter can be 20. 150 fry depending on the maturity of the female and the conditions of her keeping and feeding. After spawning, the female guppy is preferably transplanted from the spawning area to the general aquarium.
Fry are fully formed fish. The first feeding. 2-3 hours after birth. Feeding juveniles is not difficult. You can even feed dry food, but do not forget them, how to grind to dust. It is advisable to feed small cyclops, dry ground grated daphnia. Feeding once a day. Some authors recommend feeding newborns three times a day in small portions. After determining the sex go on two meals. And sexually mature fish (4-6 months) are fed once a day.
It should be borne in mind that they are prone to obesity and their gluttony will be on your conscience. Do not overfeed! Better underfeed. Leftover food must be removed. At two weeks of age, fry are transferred to the diet of adult fish. As the fry grow, it must be transplanted into a more spacious aquarium. It is also not superfluous to artificial aeration of water.
Through the efforts of breeders, many different varieties have been derived. They differ in shape and color of the fins. True, some breeds of breed are somewhat more demanding to the conditions of detention than the natural form.
In one article it is not possible to cover all issues related to guppy. This is just a small review article giving basic concepts about this species. A more detailed conversation about this beautiful fish is in front.