The clown fish, or amphiprion, is the brightest representative of the depths of the sea, which can live not only in nature, but also in an aquarium. Coloring clown fish has rich bright colors, from dark blue to bright orange, rarely found bright red and light yellow.
Where does the clown fish live?
In the world there are about 30 species of amphipriones. In its natural environment, a clown fish lives for about 10 years, in aquariums twice as long. This is explained by the fact that in captivity there is no constant danger that traps amphiprions in nature in the face of predatory fish. Clown fish lives in the waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, as well as near East Africa, off the coast of Polynesia and Japan, in the reefs of eastern Australia. Amphiprion is a fairly small fish, not more than 20 centimeters in length. It lives in dense thickets of sea anemone, it is quite a good neighborhood, because thanks to the mucus on the plant, the clown fish hides from predators among the sea anemones tentacles. In turn, the fish take care of the coral, ventilating the water around it and removing the remnants of undigested food. Interestingly, these two organisms are very connected with each other, and the clown fish never swims away from their neighbor anemones.
Clownfish. description and photos
All fry clown fish born males, but during the life of a fish changes its sex, if the female of the pair died. It is characteristic that the males are much smaller than the females, the head is short, the body is oblate from the sides, the back is high. The upper fin is divided, its front part is with spiny spines, and the back fin is soft. It is this distinction that visually separates the dorsal fin, and in appearance it seems that there are two of them. In food, clown fish is unpretentious, mostly microscopic algae and small crustaceans are food for amphitrion. Clown fish live in flocks, at the head of which is always the old and large female. During the period of spawning, the fish lays from a few hundred to a thousand eggs on flat stones, next to the neighbor actinia. Caviar ripening occurs over 10 days. While the fry develop, the clown fish courageously guards them.
Clown Fish Aquarium
Clown fish is quite popular with aquarists because of its bright color and interesting behavior: you can watch them for hours, losing track of time. Another huge plus in the content of clown fish in an aquarium is their unpretentiousness in comparison with other coral-looking fish. But even this seemingly cute little fish has a minus. in captivity, the clown fish becomes quite aggressive. And this should be taken into account when sharing it with other fish in the aquarium. The color of aquarium fish exactly repeats the natural, large black stripes alternate with red or orange and white. The fins have a black border, and the iris around the eyes is bright orange. The only difference: the stripes can have a different shape.
Clownfish. Aquarium Content
Before buying a clown fish, it is necessary to land anemones in the aquarium, add a few corals, it is in them that the clowns hide. For one pair of fish, 50 to 70 liters of water is enough, and the temperature should be around 25 to 27 degrees. Water change should be carried out 4 times a month. Feeding is carried out several times a day in small portions so that food does not remain in the aquarium. As food can be suitable as dry feed for aquarium fish, and live or frozen brine shrimp, small pieces of fish and squid, shrimp, and algae (for example, spirulina).
Spawning clown fish
Particular attention should be paid to the breeding of clown fish. As a rule, spawning occurs in the evening, this is due to the fact that moonlight activates the behavior of males. In nature, fish clowns lay their eggs under the anemone either on the coral or the grotto, in captivity. it can be a clay pot turned upside down, less often a saucer. Before caviar throwing, the place is thoroughly cleaned for several days. The process of laying caviar takes about two hours. An interesting fact is that the future offspring from the beginning of spawning is cared for only by the male. He carefully waves his fins with caviar, removes non-living eggs, protects from enemies. From the very first day, the hatchling fry starts to feed independently. Strips on the body of the fish do not appear immediately, but at the end of the first week of life. If, in addition to clown fish, there are other types of fish in the aquarium, then it is advisable to plant the fry into a separate aquarium, since proximity to other fish can lead to the death of a part of the fry. They can simply be eaten by other fish. Feeding fry consists of the same diet as adults.
Clown fish are very susceptible to diseases such as fungal and bacterial infections, trematodes, ectoparasites. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the quality of water in the aquarium.