Betta Fish, or, as it is also called, fighting, is a representative of the labyrinth family. Such a name in this species is not accidental. The bright color and the warlike character of the “fighters” in some way resemble the same cocky and beautiful “earthly” roosters. If two males are placed in one aquarium, then a real cockfight with loose tails and fins can begin. It is necessary to quickly separate fighters, otherwise one of them will die. Fights Betta Fish is extremely popular in their homeland.
Betta Fish is descended from Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. There, these aquatic inhabitants live in small warm waters. Therefore, the optimum water temperature for this type is 22-26 degrees. There is little oxygen in the silted, stagnant waters of Southeast Asia. Therefore, your aquarium does not need an aerator for oxygenation.
At home, no one is particularly interested in the color of the Betta Fish. Their content boils down to preparing for battles. This is done by special trainers. A lot of spectators come to watch the fights. However, most often the death of the fish is not allowed, rather dangling fins.
Betta Fish has an oval, elongated, slightly compressed body. Its length is up to 5 cm in males and smaller, up to 4 cm, in females. Beauty and brightness, "fabulous" color is not equal to them. At any turn, red, yellow, orange, pink, green colors sparkle and play, taking all sorts of shades. Especially bright color in males when clashing with each other.
During the spawning period, Betta Fish is also “painted” with paint. The females are a little paler than their gentlemen, the fins of the “ladies” are short and not so luxurious. However, breeders are working in this direction. Not long ago, females appeared in which the fins have a more elongated shape, and the color of the body is not inferior to the males.
Betta Fish has dark stripes across or along its body. The upper fin and tail of this species have a rounded shape, the lower fin, starting from the head, comes to the tail. The pectoral fins of Betta Fish are pointed. It is interesting to observe the fish that are excited. the gills of the males swell, forming a bulging “collar” around the head.
The differences in the sexes of these fish are obvious. Betta Fish- “boy” is more slender, it is brighter colored, its fins are much longer. The females are usually smaller, their fins are shorter. The main difference between the "hen" from Betta Fish will be the presence of a small white speck near the anus of the female in the anus. This formation resembles a little bit like the outward "egg". It becomes well noticeable already from three months of age.
What else do you need to know after the Betta Fish appeared in your house? Their content is not such a difficult task.
You do not need to have academic knowledge or special conditions in order to get a fish-Betta Fish. This species feels great even in a small-sized aquarium. Some owners manage to keep one individual in the usual three-liter jar. But the two males in one "pond" do not get along. True, some owners share long aquariums with glass, settling their pets one by one in different compartments. Many do this also because, when they see a rival, Betta Fish are starting to become brighter, more colorful, they take up belligerent poses, trying to intimidate and intimidate their counterpart. Females are not so aggressive, they can be kept on several individuals simultaneously.
Betta Fish at home can live in the aquarium at the same time with other species. It is worth, however, to avoid the neighbors with veil fins. Otherwise, the "fighters" will certainly cut them off. It is better to settle to Betta Fish fish larger, with short fins, for example, barbs.
For tropical Betta Fish, it is desirable to maintain the water temperature in the range from 24 to 28 degrees. It is allowed to periodically reduce it to 18 degrees. Open areas should be left on the surface of the water, without floating vegetation. Fish need air. Special aeration of water is not needed, but it is desirable to pass water through the filter. It is recommended to set up an aquarium so that during the day the sun falls on it for several hours. It is undesirable to put it in a draft.
Periodically thoroughly clean the reservoir. To do this, either partially or completely change the water. The fish are pre-caught with a special net and placed in a jar. Sanitation is carried out without the use of powders.
The labyrinth organ is a distinctive feature of the Betta Fish fish. This is not a simple addition to the gills. these babies breathe atmospheric air. Make sure that the surface of the water does not overgrow. Sometimes a bacterial film appears on it, it is easily removed if you attach a sheet of paper to the water, and then simply remove it carefully.
Betta Fish can jump heavily. So that they do not harm themselves, install a special cover with holes or a grid.
How to feed fish Betta Fish? These aquatic inhabitants are picky. They can eat both dry food and live food. Most of all Betta Fish love moth. You can give chimney, cyclops, Daphnia. Earthworms will do. So that the fish do not overeat, remove the uneaten remnants 15 minutes after the start of feeding. Food should be given once or twice a day.
If you see that pets overeat, arrange for them one fasting day a week.
Betta Fish: compatibility
As mentioned earlier, Betta Fish males cannot be kept together. It is also undesirable to keep together heterosexuals. The male will constantly chase and bully the female.
Has Betta Fish first appeared at your home? “With whom does this species get on?”. such a question is often asked by beginners. Despite the “martial” glory, Betta Fish behave quite peacefully towards their neighbors. Sometimes, however, the male can attack the male guppy, taking him for a relative.
It is undesirable to share Betta Fish with owners of beautiful long fins and tails. This is sure to provoke a fighting fish, and it will begin to attack. It is unlikely that Betta Fish will bring an opponent to death, but it can bite or tear off tails and fins.
Often, owners of aquariums are hooked to their pets snails. Fight fish can eat small specimens (for this they are usually planted). Larger Betta Fish may bite off antennae. It should be remembered by those who are planning to decorate your aquarium with large snails.
Suitable neighbors for fighting fish
What kind of fish do Betta Fish get along with? These can be neon iris, sword-bearers, patcilia, ancytrus, brocade catfish, tarakatum, boats, nagging gourays, akantoftalmusy, pulphrypinnis, speckled catfish, gastromysones and some other species. It is advisable before the acquisition of fish to consult with the seller-consultant.
Unwanted Neighbors for Betta Fish
Akaras, piranhas, tilapias, black-striped cichlomas, ctenopomes, tetraodons, parrots, kupanusy, astronotus. it is impossible to settle with these types of Betta Fish fish. Fighters can attack and tear off fins to such neighbors as neons, danios, guppies, cardinals, barbs, as well as gouram spots, pearl and marble.
Reproduction of fish Betta Fish
Spawning should be carried out in a small separate aquarium (from seven liters). The height of the water column at the same time should be about 10-15 cm. Shelters are made of aquarium plants and artificial grottoes. Betta Fish (female) can hide here from the male, very aggressive during this period.
Producers before spawning should be fed all sorts of live food. Bright light is not needed. In the spawning aquarium should not do aeration. it will prevent the construction of the nest.
Sexual maturity in fighting fish occurs in three to four months. It is possible to stimulate spawning with a large water change. It is heated in an aquarium at 1-3 degrees. Pre-fish "acquaint" with each other. To do this, they are placed in adjacent tanks so that they can see their neighbors.
For the male, small floating plants are added so that he can strengthen the nest. At the beginning of spawning, starting to build a “dwelling”, the Betta Fish male releases small air bubbles, then sticking them together with his saliva. About a day after the manufacturer was launched, a future mom would sit down to him. After the start of spawning, the male Betta Fish collects the eggs by mouth and carries them to the nest.
At the end of the spawn, he becomes aggressive, attacking the female. Therefore, it should be removed to another aquarium. The male breeds the offspring. he guards the nest, picks up the fallen eggs, placing them back. After the larvae hatched, Betta Fish does not allow them to spread in different directions, collecting them.
A female at a time is capable of sweeping 100-300 eggs. Under normal conditions, spawning begins in a day or two after a pair of Betta Fish are placed together in an aquarium. It happens, however, that this process is delayed for a week. After a day or three, the larvae appear in the aquarium. After all the fry appear, and this will happen in 4-6 days, the male is removed, otherwise it is able to transfer the fry spreading in different directions. In a spawning aquarium, Betta Fish is usually fed with bloodworms. Feed must be rinsed beforehand.
In fry-Betta Fish, a labyrinth organ will appear only in a few months. To create good conditions for the young, it is necessary to establish aeration. You can lower the water level.
The fry are fed with infusoria. “living dust”. In exceptional cases, you can give a steep egg yolk. However, it is not worth to abuse such lure. When the young growth grows up, it is possible to transfer it to feeding by the Artemia larvae. Next, the size of the feed is selected based on the size of the fry. You can enter shredder into the diet or specially developed industrial feed.
They live fighting fish for about three years. In the "old" age it is undesirable to use them as producers.
Bright and eccentric Betta Fish can beautify any home or office. Caring for them is easy. In exchange, they will give many pleasant moments to their owner.