Aquarium fish feeder
Not only us, homo sapiens, need to eat in order to maintain the vitality of our body. The fish, which we tamed and for which we are responsible, also need daily food, and if in nature the nature follows this, then for aquarium fish, you are the breadwinner.
Place for feeding fish in an aquarium (accommodation feeders)
Continuing the analogy with people, we can say that fish eat not anyhow where (restaurants and cafes do not count), but in a permanent place called a feeding trough. Fish get used to eat in a certain place and at a certain time, which has a positive effect on their appearance, activity and beauty. In addition, they get used to certain sounds, movements that are associated with the feeding process. So if each time before a meal, you slowly knock on the wall of the aquarium, you will see how in a few days the fish themselves will already swim to the surface of the water, where feed is dropped, even before feeding begins. But we in this article want to talk not about this, but about what equipment is best used for feeding in manual and automatic mode. As a rule, the place of feeding of fish is a selected, limited by a feeding trough, place on the surface of the water. The feeder should be installed in the most distant corner from the heating devices, the output of bubbles from aeration in the aquarium. When feeding fish, it is better to turn off aeration for a while, which will prevent spreading and spilling of food from it.
Functions of fish feeders in the aquarium
And so, as a place of consumption of food for fish act as a feeder. Why is there another accessory in the aquarium. a feeding trough, because there are already so many of them? There are several reasons for this. We have already mentioned one. it is a permanent place for eating. Well, and secondly, the feeders do not allow the feed to spread across the entire surface of the aquarium, contaminating it. After all, the spread food can get into the corners where the fish will not find it, in the end it will rot. Also for live food the feeder is good because it holds heavier than the water of various worms on its surface. As a result, prevents them from falling to the bottom, where they can get lost in the stones and also start to rot.
Types of feeders for aquarium fish
By and large, all feeders are divided into floating and automatic feeders. If you have met any other types of feeders, then these are the types of the main types of feeders.
Floating aquarium feeders
As such, the feeder, which would float freely (hence the name) on the surface of the aquarium is no longer to be found. We have already mentioned that feeding places are organized in fish, i.e. fix the feeders in a specific place with suction cups. But, nevertheless, historically they continue to be called that. Floating feeders are enclosing structures made of plastic, which keeps well on the water. Usually dry food is poured in them, but if you insert a fishnet, you can feed the fish with live food. However, having solved one problem. reducing the contamination of the aquarium with food residues, since the trough is in one place. we have acquired another problem. Alas, water is subject to evaporation. And as if we did not close the aquarium, the water in it decreases, and sometimes quite fast. What does it threaten for trough? Since the trough is fixed on the suction cup, due to the decrease in the water level, it first bends, and as a result, when the water level falls below it, it ceases to keep the feed in one place, respectively, it spreads over the aquarium. The meaning of this trough disappears.
The way out of this situation seems to be the acquisition of a feeder with a guide along which the feeder slides along with the decreasing or arriving water. An example of such a feeder is shown in the photo.
. or a rotary feeder that changes its angle depending on the water level in the aquarium.
Another type of floating feeders are the feeder with a removable lattice cone for feeding fish with live food. Here, it is not dangerous for us to lower the water level, since the cone is always in the water and is accessible to fish.
Summarize. First, choose a multifunctional feeder so that the fish can be fed dry and live food, that is, with a removable net or cone. Secondly, choose a feeder that would move after the water level in the aquarium. I also wanted to say that you should not overdo it with feeding. Throw less food better than more about how much fish can eat. What amount of feed to throw? This will come to you with time, that is, with experience.
Automatic aquarium feeders
The purpose of these feeders is to automate the process of feeding the fish, especially if you have a lot of aquariums, and there are not enough hands for all, as they say. The design of the feeders is quite simple. As a rule, such feeders are attached to the side wall at its upper edge. Compartment with the engine, made in a sealed design. A compartment for batteries or accumulators, with an electronic control unit, is located behind the aquarium plane. Above the water is a compartment with food. In the automatic feeder there is a timer that you set up, and which, reaching a certain point in time, gives a signal to the engine to turn the compartment with feed. As a result, at a certain time set, the dosing device turns and spills food onto the surface of the water in the aquarium. The compartment with feed is provided with a door, which, being in the lower position, opens and feed is poured out of it. Upon further movement of the compartment, the door closes. The dose of feed, determined by you, poured out to the fish. The number of feedings depends on the volume of the feed compartment. As a rule, on each compartment with feed there is a regulator of the amount of the spilled feed at a time. You need to correctly calculate its quantity. Feed should be poured as much as they can eat fish at a time. Automatic feeders are sometimes supplied with fans to blow the feed so that it sticks together. A useful feature, but worth the money.
The advantage of the automatic feeder is the fact that you can not worry about your pets if you went on vacation, on a business trip, at the weekend to the country.
Is it worth making trough with their own hands?
Our answer is not worth it. The aquarium is a decorative structure and a violation of its design, self-made, and far from highly aesthetic (sorry if you touched someone) “works” is not a rational way out of the situation. To achieve the accuracy and reliability of industrial designs, rather not succeed. Moreover, the usual floating feeders are quite cheap. Of course, there is always an alternative to cutting a feeder, for example, from foam, but foam, firstly, crumbles, and secondly, absorbs dirt into itself. After a while, the view of such a feeder for aquarium fish will not be presentable. If we talk about automatic feeders, then this task is also more for a professional, and not only a mechanic, but also an electronics engineer. After all, the timer associated with the electric motor and setting it in motion after a while is also not a simple device.
Diet. feeder in the aquarium
Aquarium fish are the same pets as cats, hamsters or dogs. And any pet has its own, separate place for eating. People unfamiliar with the aquarium world, usually think that the fish feed is given simply: it is poured anywhere. Yes, and some aquarists believe trough indulgence. But in fact, the aquarium feeder has a lot of advantages. It allows you to teach the fish to feed not only in a separate place, but also at a specific time. And this diet has a beneficial effect on their health and general well-being.
What is the use?
Feeding trough in the aquarium performs several significant functions.
- As mentioned above, a permanent feeding place for fish.
- Thanks to her food does not spread throughout the aquarium. It settles in one place, from where its remnants are convenient to clean.
- Again, without spreading over the aquarium, the food does not settle in the far corners, where it will rot and quickly pollute the water.
- The use of fish feeders greatly simplifies the use of live food. Usually its particles are much heavier than water, and it precipitates rapidly. With the feeder, the feed is kept, and the fish have enough time to feast on them.
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The modern market aquarium offers a lot of different models of feeders. Moreover, they can be assembled independently from scrap materials.
Among the ready-made models there are usually two types: floating and automatic.
Modern floating fish feeders are attached to the wall of the aquarium with special suckers. Such devices are made of plastic; they represent a kind of fence that does not allow the stern to creep away. Free-floating feeders are now becoming less common.
To use live fish food in the feeder, a special cone with a mesh surface is installed. This cone is under water, and a decrease in its level does not affect it at all. All worms remain in the feeder, and the fish just grab them. The trellised bottom can be removed, which makes it doubly convenient: it allows the use of different types of feed.
The main problem in the use of floating feeders. lowering the water level in the aquarium. The feeder is fixed by suction cups, and when the level drops, it bends down and ceases to hold the feed. In this case there is a feeder with a guide that slides as the water level rises or rises.
From the name it is clear that the main task of such feeders is to automate the process of feeding fish. It is especially convenient for two categories of aquarists:
- Those who are often absent at home due to certain circumstances.
- Those who contain several aquariums, which take a long time without feeding.
Attached automatic aquarium feeder on the side wall above. It consists of a sealed engine compartment, a battery compartment and a control unit. The tank with food is placed above the surface of the aquarium water. With the help of a timer, you set the required time for serving food, and as soon as the time is right, the feeder automatically throws out a portion of fish food.
Usually, automatic feeders are also equipped with a regulator of the amount of feed produced. in order not to sprinkle too much or vice versa very little. Feed should always be so much that the fish ate it for one feeding.
The downside of the machine is the possibility of using only one type of feed. The diet of the fish should be rich, so if you use the automatic feeder, do not forget to feed your pets.
An important point regarding the installation of the feeder. It is better to put it in the farthest corner in front of compressors and filters. Otherwise, the feed will be accelerated in all directions. Fish will not get the right amount of food, and the aquarium will pollute faster.
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Feeding trough from polyfoam the hands. the simplest and budgetary option. Find an old waste piece of foam, 1-1.5 centimeters high. The size of the future trough determine for yourself, based on the number of fish and the volume of the aquarium. A frame is cut out of the piece, all unnecessary pieces of material are carefully removed.
Polyfoam perfectly keeps on water, and in case of damage the design is easy to replace with a new one, also created by yourself. The disadvantages of such a feeder are its fragility and the ability of a material to absorb dirt.
This feeder will be more reliable foam. It’s very easy to do it yourself: take a rubber tube about 1 centimeter in diameter. Bend the tube with a ring, firmly fix the ends.
Self-made tube design is more durable and more resistant to mechanical damage. But you need to carefully fix the ends of the tube, because if it gets a little water, it will sink.
From these materials it is convenient to make feeders for live food.
The thickness of a piece of plastic or glass varies from 1.5 to 2 millimeters. The frame itself is made of four strips of material glued with waterproof glue. The bottom is a piece of plastic with pre-drilled holes. It is also glued to the frame.
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How to make a feeder for aquarium fish |
Artificial reservoirs are becoming increasingly popular. Aquaria develops and provides many opportunities for creativity, so everyone can create their own aquarium, come up with a style, decorate and even build some equipment for its proper functioning. Populating your own aquarium, you must understand all the responsibility for caring for it. An artificial reservoir can decorate any room and transform it, but for the full functioning and high-quality life of the fish, it requires constant care.
The presence of an aquarium in a house or office is always beautiful, aesthetically pleasing, stylish and modern. If fish are settled in your pond, naturally they need to be fed. This is not at all a problem when you can feed them on time. And what if you need to go for a few days or even weeks on business or on vacation, and leave the aquarium is not on anyone? Well, this problem is also solved.
Thanks to the possibilities of modern aquarism, you can buy a special automatic feeder for fish, consult us about the best option. It will feed the inhabitants of the underwater world with a certain interval, which you specify in the settings. You can use a self-made replacement of a professional auto feeder, you need to build a similar option yourself, and you will save a lot of money, and it will work almost the same way. Consider a few similar examples of aquarium feeders that you can do yourself at home.
Automatic feeder using a mobile phone
This method is one of the simplest. What is its essence and how exactly the mobile device will help you feed the fish? In fact, everything is quite simple. To create such a feeder, you will need:
- Plastic bottle;
- Mobile phone with vibrating alert;
- Super glue;
- Plastic bottle cap;
- A few matches or a small bar.
If you already have everything you need, you can start creating a feeder. Start by cutting the plastic bottle roughly in half, as you will need not the entire bottle, but only the upper part, where the lid is screwed. She will need to be used as a feeder for fish. After cutting the bottle, you need to take about three matches, from which sulfur is pre-cleaned, and glue them together.
It is worth noting that their number can be different and depends on the size of the feed that you will use. You do not need to glue together a lot of matches, as you get too large a hole, and this is not suitable for small food. When the matches are dry, they can be stuck on the cover of a plastic bottle. It is better to use a lid, the diameter of which is larger than the neck of the feeding bottle. Then, the resulting construction should be glued to the neck of the feeder with the side where the matches are. If you do everything correctly, then as a result you will have a construction consisting of a bottle, glued together matches and a cap. So that such a feeder can be used for an artificial reservoir, its upper part is fixed with a string or wire, and after that the product is placed directly above the water. Make sure that the feeder is not in the water, otherwise the whole feed will be sodden, and the glue that was used should also not get into the water. At the end of the work, it is necessary to carefully feed the feed into the created feeding trough and turn it upside down with the feed compartment. Food will not get enough sleep, it is on the lid in a certain amount. Now it’s time for the most unusual part of this mobile phone design.
The gadget is placed in the inside of the feeder. The phone must be charged and turned on to vibrate. In order for your device to work, you need to call from another phone to the one that is inside the feeder. The phone will vibrate and under its influence the feed will be in the water. If the phone stops ringing, then the feed will also not fall into the pond. The advantage of this trough is that it is simple, affordable and most importantly. not expensive. In addition, you yourself can adjust the amount of food for your fish. To do this, just call. Thus, you can safely go on a trip or a business trip, and your underwater inhabitants will not go hungry. Auto feeder using a mobile phone is a fairly simple and reliable way to feed the fish from a distance. Another important point for this method is that for the feeder you need to use a phone to which no one will call except you. So you do not overfeed your fish.
Auto-feeder sieve using a mobile phone (option 2)
In addition to the above option, there is another opportunity to make a super simple automatic feeder using a mobile phone. This is the easiest and fastest way to feed the fish in your absence home, to create such a gadget will take only 10 minutes. You will need the following materials:
- Mobile phone with shake;
- Double-sided tape;
- Two slats or rulers;
- Plastic container.
As you can see, the kit is simple, and all the components can be found at home.
To build a similar trough, first make a lot of holes in a plastic container. Adjust their size relative to the size of the feed particles. The feed itself can be pre-crushed to better drain from the trough. The container needs to be glued to the two slats so that it is between them. The length of the slats depends on the size of your tank. When the container is already installed between them, along its edges, perpendicular to the slats, you need to stick double-sided tape. The distance between the pieces of tape should be the same length as your phone.
This remote feeder is constructed quickly and easily. You will need to put chopped food in the container, and on the tape. glue the mobile device. Make sure the phone is turned on in vibrate mode. When you call the attached phone, the feeder will begin to vibrate with it, and the feed will spill out through the holes in the container. This car feeder is installed directly on the aquarium, but so that it does not touch the water. With its help, you can adjust the amount of feed for fish, even if you are very far from home. As in the previous case, it is better to use a phone that only you will call. Your fish will not stay hungry for a long time while you are away. This container is very convenient and easy to use, it can be used for a long time. The main thing. do not forget to call and leave the phone connected to the charger.
Auto-feeder using analog clock
If you do not have a second phone or this option of the feeder for the reservoir is not very suitable for you, then you can use another method. For example, you can create a car feeder using a desk clock.
This method has its own characteristics, but it also allows you to feed the fish during your absence. To create such a feeder you will need:
- Analog clock with a good alarm clock;
- Small container;
- Plastic tube with a diameter of about 7-8 mm.
How is such a feeder created? First, make a hole in the plastic container, which should be in the form of a glass. The hole should be slightly smaller than the diameter of the plastic tube, so do not have to use glue. Pull the tube itself into the container, it will dispense the amount of feed during its precipitation into the reservoir.
It is necessary to fill in the feed, which is almost ready, but not very much so that it does not spill out on its own. Then attach the container to the hands of the clock, and set the alarm for a time when you need to feed the fish. Since he will call twice a day, the fish will also receive food twice a day. When you put food in the feeder, it is important not to overdo it, otherwise the arrows will not be able to move it and the idea will be meaningless. If you want to use exactly this version of the auto feeder, then make sure that the quality of the batteries in the watch, so that they do not fail when you are not there. Keep in mind that the amount of feed placed will depend on the size of the hands on the clock. The advantage of this type of remote feeder is that your fish will receive food twice a day without your participation.
If in the previous versions of feeders for their activation it was necessary to call a phone located directly in the feeder itself, then nothing is required of you here. And if you accidentally forgot to call, the fish will remain hungry, but with the use of a clock mechanism this will not happen. The disadvantage of this type of trough can be a small amount of food that can be placed in a container, as usually the hands in the clock are not very large.
Conventional Aquarium Feeder
We have already talked about automated feeders, and now we offer you to familiarize yourself with a very simple feeder for the reservoir, which will help to avoid the chaotic movement of food around the aquarium. This is not an automatic, but a regular trough, designed to make it easier for you to care for the aquarium. It is practical, economical, done quickly, in just a few minutes. To create it, you will need a container or container of foam or other material that is held on the surface of the water.
For this purpose perfectly suited foam plates. So, take such a plate and cut a small square out of it. Inside the square there should be free space, it is in this hole that you will fill in the food. See that the edges of the feeders are smooth and smooth, or the fish can taste them, but they are not recommended. The size of the square, determine yourself, given the number and size of fish. They should be comfortable, take food from this size. After that, the feeder must be placed in the water near one of the walls of the aquarium and pour food.
It is important not to move it around the pond so that the fish know and get used to the place where it is located. Now the feed will be fed in one place, and not float around the reservoir and pollute it. Also from this trough will be easier and faster to remove the remnants of food. This is a fairly simple but effective way to create a trough with your own hands. It is not easy to maintain an aquarium, and its owners are trying in every way to optimize and simplify the care of it. Pond requires timely and proper care for a durable existence.
In an aquarist, two types of floating feeders are very often used for feeding fish: a feeder for feeding fish with dry food and a feeding trough a butterfly knife for feeding fish with live bloodworms. Perhaps there is nothing easier than to make a feeder for feeding fish with dry food.
For example, the simplest foam feeder is done like this: On a piece of foam, the shape of the future feeder is drawn, then cut out with a knife and the aquarium feeder is ready. Floating feeders for feeding fish with dry food are used by many aquarists, but are such feeders always necessary?
When there were still few fish in my tank, I used a floating feeding bowl for feeding them. Dry food poured into the feeder always remained in place and did not spread on the surface of the aquarium.
Without a feeder, the food would spread on the surface of the whole aquarium and in those places where it was not seen and eaten by fish, fell to the bottom and soured, negatively affecting the biological state of the aquarium.
When in my aquarium there were already a lot of fish, the feeder for them became cramped, and more strong and more agile fishes got more food. I didn’t make a larger trough, because the fish already managed to pick up all the food from the entire surface of the aquarium.
The easiest foam feeder
Live Feed Feeder
For feeding fish live food moths use floating feeders moths. Immediately it should be noted that the feeding trough the moder is an irreplaceable thing. It is arranged according to the principle of a floating container with many small openings through which the bloodworm is able to pass. A bloodworm, placed in a container, is intercepted and eaten by fish when it leaves through openings.
It is unreasonable to feed the fish with a bloodworm without a feeding bowl of the milkworm, because the bloodworm falling to the ground quickly digs into it. As a rule, floating feeding troughs of the moor are not too close for fish, because unlike eating dry food, the behavior of fish when eating a moth is completely different when the fish who grab the bloodworm saves from the trough to complete its ingestion.