Care and maintenance
Maintenance and care of catfish is not a difficult process. They are contained in normal aquarium conditions at a temperature 22-28 ° C. Hardness of water 6-12. Acidity is neutral. If you have the acidity will deviate a little in one direction or another, there is nothing terrible. But it is very important that the water was not salty. To the oxygen regime, most species are not whimsical because the catfish has skin breathing or the ability to breathe atmospheric air.
The process of breathing consists in ascent of catfish to the surface, intake of air and submersion to the bottom until the air is completely exhausted. Soil does not matter. In order for your catfish to be comfortable you need to equip an aquarium for him. Since the catfish is the bottom inhabitant of the aquarium, you need to make some kind of shelter for it.
It can be made of stone, different types of snags, it can be artificial houses, castles and plants. As for living plants, it is necessary to look at a specific species of catfish, since many of them are herbivorous and the plant can live with you for a very short time. But still, if you want to plant plants in an aquarium, and you have herbivorous catfish, you need to choose plants that are large and have a well-developed root system. It is very important to make a territory for catfish and put snag. Without such a shelter, the catfish will not be comfortable and the ego will shorten life significantly, and thanks to the coarse, the catfish will receive an important pulp of life.
Preparing for the purchase of aquarium catfish
When deciding whether to purchase a pet, you should conduct the necessary training. Qualitatively examining the peculiarities of a pet’s lifestyle and hobbies, one can guarantee the acquisition of necessary things.
Additionally, catfish are called "household orderlies" for their love of eating soil. Fishes destroy scales and food waste from the bottom of the aquarium, thus maintaining the purity of the reservoir.
High-quality cleaning of the aquarium is carried out by catfish, which is why the owner of the reservoir can forget about cleaning the aquarium. However, it does not hurt to get a quality filter, because the fish get their food in an original way. They raise the settled debris from the bottom surface, moving the body, after the food begins to emerge, catfish eat it.
When organizing the settling in an aquarium, it is important to pay attention to the inhabitants of the reservoir that have already taken root. Not all fish get along with new neighbors and can eat them. Guppies and neons are a favorite delicacy of catfish, therefore, to avoid deaths, the fish should be divided.
To create optimal conditions for catfish, it is necessary to fill the aquarium with stones or thick vegetation. These fish prefer to be in the shelter before the onset of the night time. In the daytime, they love to clean the bottom of the aquarium. However, somics are not easy to see, because they have a special protective coloration and almost merge with the stones.
Basically, somas are peaceful, do not climb into a fight with other aquarium fish, sometimes there are conflicts among themselves.
It happens that even a stronger catfish starts to drive the weak, and, alas, kills him.
But this is extremely rare. Compatibility of catfish with other fish depends on the type of catfish.
By peace-loving, herbivorous need to pick up non-aggressive neighbors. And to predators. larger fish that can stand up for themselves.
Breeding and breeding
The process of breeding in catfish is quite simple, and if you only live in the aquarium of the fish of this species, you can not even put them in a separate aquarium. Otherwise, for spawning somikov better to allocate a container of clean water with a capacity of 30 to 50 liters. Usually 3-4 males are left for one female. It is very desirable that in the place where the spawning takes place, there is a lot of algae and soft soil.
If you want to push your pets to breeding, you need to change the water temperature within 17-25 ° C for several days and aerate the aquarium. Spawning usually occurs early in the morning. When caviar is already set aside, you can leave the natural light or darken a little. One week after spawning, the female will be ready for a new spawning. The fry develop quite quickly and almost immediately they can be fed with finely chopped bloodworms or “dust”.
Feeding catfish is very easy. They eat fish food, which lies at the bottom, thereby cleaning the bottom of the aquarium. They eat almost everything: fish pieces, shrimp, pills, frozen food, flakes Well, since most catfishes are predators, they can eat small fish in the aquarium and take them as food.
Making a conclusion, we can say that catfish in an aquarium is a necessary fish. Unpretentious and does not require additional care, resistant to various diseases, and, well, very original and beautiful. Having a catfish, your aquarium will always look unique, and you can always enjoy and enjoy the beauty of your pet.
In subsequent articles you can find the most necessary information about the maintenance of aquarium catfish, the types that interest you, a variety of aquarium catfish, feeding, care, as well as tables of compatibility of catfish with other inhabitants of the aquarium.
It is also important to note that silted water is the habitat of these fish. But this also does not mean that it is possible not to clean the aquarium at all and only occasionally change the water. Reinforced aeration of water is really not needed, and clean water and an aquarium are a guarantee of the health of your fish. If other fish also live in your house, they simply need cleanliness, and catfish will quickly get used to it and will not experience any inconvenience.
General information about catfish
All types of aquarium catfish, of which there are a huge number in nature, are surprisingly similar to each other in appearance. In aquariums alone, more than 1,200 thousand different waterfowl variations of this species live. Otherwise, these fish are called sweepers, because they eat the remnants of half-eaten rotting food lying on the bottom.
Catfish are very popular among aquarists, so the demand for them is very large. They buy shellflies for the reason that they: are peaceful enough; Feel great in water at a temperature of 18 ° 25 ° C; adapted to hard water; feel confident with its average acidity with plus / minus deviations in different directions.
Nature has somik intestinal breathing. Looking out of the aquarium, they swallow air with their mouths, which are then processed into pure oxygen. If the catfish often lingers at the surface of the water, then it is difficult for him to breathe. Medics of aquariums