Novice aquarists usually face a number of problems that they cannot always solve. Their first fish, launched into an aquarium, often die due to the fact that in this artificial reservoir biological equilibrium has not been established. This means that conditions must be created for these small pets that are not very different from their natural habitat. Let us tell you how to breed fish in an aquarium.
What you need to get the fish in the aquarium? First of all, the aquarium itself and accessories for it. Do not buy too small. The larger the tank capacity, the easier it will be to care for it. In a large volume of water is easier to establish a biological equilibrium. Beginners aquarists are advised to choose a volume of not less than 100 liters.
How to breed fish in an aquarium? After filling it with water, do not rush to flora and launch the entire fish squad at once. Wait until the right amount of bacteria forms in the water. Correctly will act as follows. 2-3 days after pouring out of the separated tap water into the aquarium, you can start planting underwater plants. Immediately after this, it is allowed to resettle the first inhabitants: a couple of viviparids and ampulyaria. Do not be alarmed if the water becomes turbid. This is the so-called infusorial outbreak, i.e. rapid reproduction of microorganisms. In a week, the water will lighten and biological processes stabilize. Now quietly run the rest of the fish in the aquarium.
Do not be fond of breeding a large number of fish in an aquarium. Its overpopulation will not lead to anything good. There are, albeit conditional, but still the norms of the population of fish in the aquarium: for the smallest. 1 l, medium. 3 l and large. 10 l per individual.
Novice aquarists usually choose those fish that they like in appearance. Therefore, in their aquariums there are sometimes incompatible combinations, for example, goldfish and gourami, for which different temperature conditions are required, or neon and handsome chromis, to which the former can become prey. It is also necessary to take care of the correct combination of plants and fish living in the aquarium. Therefore, it is important to study their behavior and living conditions before the purchase of the inhabitants of your artificial home pond.
The rules for keeping fish in an aquarium include filtering and aerating water. If this is ignored, the result can be very sad. The reasons for the oxygen starvation of fish in the aquarium are several. This lack of necessary underwater plants, relocation and even increase in water temperature. Well, the absence of a filter will certainly break the biological balance here.
Novice aquarists often ask how often you need to change the water in the aquarium? It turns out that if you properly care for him, then a complete replacement of water can be done every 2-3 years. But her partial substitution is a completely different and necessary thing. Without it, the aquarium becomes polluted, the acidity and hardness of the water increase. The procedure for partial water changes in the aquarium should be carried out weekly. Its volume is not less than 1/5 of the aquarium. At the same time, the water for topping up does not even have to be defended, it can be taken directly from the water supply system.
An important point when breeding fish in an aquarium is to control the parameters of water. If you want the fish to not suddenly die for no reason, once a month check the water hardness (dH) and acid-base balance (pH). The fact is that even crystal clear water by these parameters may not be suitable for living organisms. The practice of experienced aquarists shows that it is best to breed fish in an aquarium filled with settled tap water.
Thus, in order to properly engage in the breeding of fish in an aquarium, you must have certain basic knowledge. Well, learning and work will reward you with a sense of delight and joy from touching wildlife.