The aquarian snail ampoule or the apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) is perhaps one of the most popular and attractive aquarium snails. It can not be found in any aquarium as ordinary coils, ampoule is unlikely to get to you with plants as an enemy agent, but it reproduces quite easily and there is always a demand for it. Ampularia is not difficult to recognize by the yellow or brown color of the shell and its characteristic shape. These snails are easy to maintain, ampulyaria is suitable both for keeping in an aquarium and for domestic pond, besides ampulyarias do not breed at an incredible speed like other aquarium snails, which undoubtedly is a plus. They get along with most species of fish, they can be used as an aquarium cleaner from algae, however large species also create a biological load on the aquarium, and this should be taken into account.
Most ampulyaria are herbivores (macrophytophagous) feeding on a wide range of vegetation. Aquariums usually eat vegetables and fish food. Unfortunately, some species enjoy eating aquarium plants, not just algae. If you have a similar look, then your pet can destroy aquatic vegetation very quickly, ruining a beautiful aquarium in a few days.
The addiction of the snail ampouleria to plant foods mainly depends on its type, so it is helpful to know what kind of species you are getting. However, it is extremely difficult to identify ampularia: all species are very similar in appearance. In addition, on sale you are unlikely to be called the type of snail at all. usually they are called by one common name "ampulyaria". It is not possible to determine the type by color, since color changes may be within the same type. The shape is also similar in some species. Therefore, the easiest way to find out whether there are snails of a plant is to offer them plants for food before launching them into the aquarium, or to clarify this point with the seller. Fortunately, in our country there are mainly non-herbivorous species.
Pomacea diffusa. this species prefers dead and rotting plants to fresh and green. Sometimes these ampouleries eat soft vegetation. So the view Pomacea diffusa A good choice for a home aquarium. Moreover, this ampoule can be found dead right in the midst of green plants, if you do not provide it with the necessary food in sufficient quantities.
Ampulyaria Pomacea diffusa eats well all kinds of feed for aquarium fish, and you can add soft vegetables to your food to diversify their diet. Fish pills are suitable for algae eating, such as ancistrus. You can also feed ampulyarius with floating fish food, the surplus of which is very easy to remove. Although it seems strange to feed snails with floating food, ampulyarias are well aware of how to cope with this: they rise to the surface and form a funnel from their legs, allowing water to circulate through it. Food swims to the snail and gets stuck in this funnel, after which the ampulyary eats the catch.
Pomacea canaliculata (giant ampulyaria, Peruvian, Colombian ampulyaria). less discriminating in the choice of food, devours all vegetation.
To maintain the health of this ampoule, you should regularly feed it with vegetables (lettuce, cucumbers, small carrot slices, green beans, celery), garden weeds and regular food for aquarium fish.
Be sure to wash the vegetables thoroughly before feeding them snails. If insecticides remain on the vegetables, they can harm ampouleries.
In addition to vegetables, granules and other commercial dry feeds for aquarium fish, ampouleries also eat all kinds of food when they are available. Ampularia will not give up artemia and other frozen foods for fish, as well as dead fish and insects. Even other snails may appear in the ampoule menu (this reports on species such as Pomacea canaliculata and Marisa cornuarietis. Therefore, these snails are good for cleaning the aquarium. Ampoule snails do eat microscopic vegetation (algae) growing on stones, decorations and walls of an aquarium, but one should not expect them to completely clear the algae of the aquarium.
If you want snails to come out of the water, just stick a little food just above the surface of the water.
How much do snails feed
This problem can be solved by trial and error: just watch how many snails eat daily, how much food remains, and supply them with the necessary amount of food daily. However, keep in mind that some types of ampouleries tend to hibernate. During this period, snails are inactive and need less food. Usually snails may hibernate when the temperature drops, which is often the case in winter if your aquarium is without additional heating. But even if the temperature is maintained at the same level, in the winter period ampoules can become more sluggish and little active. Therefore, usually in the autumn-winter period, the amount of feed supplied to ampoules decreases, and increases in spring and summer.
Water for content
Ampularia snails are unpretentious and can live in poor quality water. They are suitable as clean and clear, oxygen-rich water, and standing, with rotting organic waste and low oxygen content. In general, the same rules should apply to snails as to water quality (presence of ammonia, nitrites and nitrates, etc.) as to fish, and water should not be too soft. Ampulyaria, like most snails, prefers calcium-rich water. If there is not enough calcium in the water (soft water), the snails are unable to build a strong shell and become susceptible to damage to the shell. But even in the right water, ampoules can damage the shell, especially in its old areas. Usually, old snails are at risk. burrs are less susceptible to damage.
Aquarium snails are very sensitive to water contained in copper and some other metals, so if you have doubts, it is better to use special conditioners for water purification before using it. If after the next water change, the ampouleries have risen to the surface, this indicates that there is something wrong with water. Make water samples or just use air conditioners.
If the aquarium contains a lot of ampoules, the water usually becomes turbid, since there are a large number of microorganisms in their intestines that help digest food and are released outside with feces. These microorganisms (amebocytes) usually do not cause any harm to the fish and can even serve as a source of food for young fish. Usually the turbidity of the water contributes to the feeding of snails with fresh products (lettuce, etc.). If snails eat dry fish food, the water will remain clean.
If there are many snails, it is advisable to make more frequent water changes in the aquarium, as well as with an excess fish population, this will help maintain water quality and avoid the accumulation of toxic waste. By the way, ampulyarias are a good indicator of the level of oxygen in an aquarium: if the level of oxygen in the water falls, snails start regularly rise to the surface, to breathe fresh air. Among aquarists there is a perception that snail ampoules rise to the surface when the water in the aquarium is not of high quality, but this, as you can see, is not so. Although in aquariums with poor water quality, as a rule, low oxygen content is observed in water.
The amount of water for keeping the cochlea depends on the size of the ampoule, the filtration system and the temperature. As a rule, a snail of 5 cm diameter requires 10 liters of water. As with fish, you should be careful with ampouleries and do not overpower the aquarium, otherwise the water quality deteriorates quickly. If the volume of water is small and there are too many snails, be sure to make regular water changes.
Ampulyarii are often selected from the aquarium and often you will find snails near it. It is not life threatening, because without water, these snails can live for several weeks, but when they fall, they can damage the shell, so it is recommended to cover the aquarium. Also, unlike other snails, ampulyaria lay eggs on land (except for some species that lay eggs in the water), so it is recommended not to add water in the aquarium to the edge, leaving 10-15 cm, or snags should strongly project above the water surface. But if the snail cannot lay eggs on land, she will lay them in water and the roe will drown.
Snail ampouleries are more active at night, so they like dark places and shelters. During the day, they often hide in the shade of plants or bury themselves in the ground. Therefore, ampulyarias are very fond of dense thickets of plants, snags, caves and other shelters. However, some species, such as the giant ampulyaria Pomacea canaliculata, can be active during the day, while others can be equally active during the day and at night. Additional lighting is not necessary for snails, it is necessary only for owners to monitor their pets or live plants, if they are in the aquarium.
The temperature in the aquarium with snails ampouleries should be maintained at 18. 28 ° C. Ampularia, like all cold-blooded, are most active at high temperatures, and much slower at low temperatures. At a temperature of 18 ° C ampouleries often go to rest, burrow into the ground and sit still. During such periods, the mortality of the ampoule is increased, so it is better not to allow low temperatures.
Ampulyarii are bisexual snails, so for breeding you need individuals of both sexes. However, like the viviparous, ampouleries can preserve the seed of a male for several months, so if you have acquired a mature female, she can repeatedly make you happy with offspring.
Most species of ampulyarii lay eggs on land, so provide snails with a dry space in the aquarium above the water surface of 15 cm or more.
Usually, in order to stimulate a female, it is enough to imitate the onset of "spring." For a while, the water temperature should remain around 18 ° C, and then gradually rises to 22-28 ° C over several days. At this time ampulyary amply feed protein food: frozen fish food, Artemia, bloodworms and others.
As a result, the ampoule begins to lay eggs and usually makes several clutches, approximately every 4-7 days. Sometimes, even if there are no males in the aquarium, the females lay empty eggs, which do not give offspring.
Deferred caviar can be light pink, raspberry red or greenish. Color depends on the type of snail, as well as the size of the eggs.
If you want to get offspring, spawn, preferably within a few hours after laying, remove to another container. Keep eggs warm (18. 28 ° C) and maintain high humidity. In no case do not put the eggs in the water, you can only periodically slightly moisten it from a small spray gun.
If your snail laid eggs below the surface of the water, then most likely you have a type of ampoule, which puts off eggs in the water. In this case, the eggs do not need to get out of the water.
Depending on the temperature, the contents of the cochlea begin to hatch after 2-4 weeks. From the very first days of the newborn snails are fed the same way as the parents. However, keep in mind that it is difficult for small snails to cover long distances, so you should put the food as close as possible to them.
Small snails can grow in an aquarium with their parents, and as long as there is not enough cannibalism in the feed.
In the first days of the snails, a high mortality rate can be observed, but the survivors grow very quickly and having reached a size of 2.5 cm, they are already ready to breed themselves.